Chapter 1 Questions

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  1. What type of biologist studies plant fossils?

    A) Paleobotanist
    B) Molecular Biologist
    C) Stem Cell Biologist
    D) Plant Cell Biologist
    A) Paleobotanist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of these is NOT a hypothesis about the relationship between coat color and home environment of these mice?

    A) Coat color patterns are more easily recognized by predators when they are distinct from home environment color.
    B) Coat color patterns evolved as adaptations to protect the mice from predators.
    C) If coat color patterns are more easily distinguishable by predators, then mice with that color will be preyed upon more often
    D) All these are hypotheses
    C) If coat color patterns are more easily distinguishable by predators, then mice with that color will be preyed upon more often
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of these microscopic things does not qualify under the 7 properties of life?

    A) S. cerevisiae (Yeast)
    B) E.Coli (Bacteria)
    C) M13 bacteriophage (Virus)
    D) H. walsbyi (Archaea)
    C) M13 bacteriophage (Virus)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. What are the 7 properties of life?
    • Order (cell to organelles)
    • Sensitivity/Response to the environment
    • Reproduction
    • Evolutionary Adaptation
    • Growth and Development
    • Regulation
    • Energy Processing
  5. A key defining feature between eukaryotes and prokaryotes is the presence of ___.

    A) A Cytoplasm
    B) A cell membrane
    C) A membrane-enclose nucleus
    D) DNA
    C) A membrane-enclose nucleus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. In which domain would you find humans?

    A) Archaea
    B) Animalia
    C) Eukarya
    D) Prokarya
    C) Eukarya
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Genes are long molecules of ___, which encode proteins or RNAs that perform some function in the cell.

    A) DNA
    B) Genomes
    C) RNA
    D) Chromosomes
    A) DNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. If all living organisms contain DNA, would it be accurate to claim that all things that contain DNA must qualify as living (e.g. meet the 7 properties of life)?

    A) Both?
    B) There must be an exception.
    C) Certainly not!
    D) Absolutely!
    B) There must be an exception.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which type of biologist studies the process of gradual change during which new species arise from older species?

    A) Neurobiologist
    B) Physicist
    C) Biochemist
    D) Evolutionary Biology
    D) Evolutionary Biology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Biology is the study of ___ and their interaction with one another and their environments.

    A) Living organisms
    B) Planets
    C) Matter
    D) Sedimentary rock formations
    A) Living organisms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of these statements best summarizes the scientific method?

    A) None of these.
    B) A creative formulation of assumptions about the world
    C) An adaptable, fluid process of testing hypotheses
    D) A systematic approach with defined steps to solving problems
    D) A systematic approach with defined steps to solving problems
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Within the natural sciences, fields of study are generally, described to fall into the category of life sciences or physical sciences. However, some fields of study fall into both categories and are therefore considered interdisciplinary. Which of these fields of study would be considered an interdisciplinary field of science?

    A) Biochemistry
    B) Geology
    C) Biology
    D) Astronomy
    A) Biochemistry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of these is an example of deductive reasoning?

    A) The prediction that an egg released from the top of a 10 story building should break on impact with the sidewalk below.
    B) Careful observation and measurement of the production of saliva in a dog's mouth when presented with a treat.
    C) The observation that burr seeds stuck to clothing and a dog's fur after a hike have tiny hook structures.
    D) All of these.
    A) The prediction that an egg released from the top of a 10 story building should break on impact with the sidewalk below.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Testing of a candidate Alzheimer's drug for safety, before it is approved for marketing, is an example of what general type of science?

    A) Basic
    B) Theoretical
    C) Expedited
    D) Applied
    D) Applied
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. What are the two broadest units of classification?
    Domains, and Kingdoms
  16. Which of these is NOT a fundamental characteristic of life?

    A) All of these.
    B) The ability to utilize energy from the external environment
    C) The ability to communicate with other members of the same life form.
    D) The ability to regulate the internal environment of the life form.
    C) The ability to communicate with other members of the same life form.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Select the answer that places the scientific method in proper order.

    A) Predict, question, hypothesize, observe, analyze, experiment, communicate
    B) Observe, question, hypothesize, predict, experiment, analyze, communicate
    C) Question,experiment,hypothesize,question,analyze,predict,communicate
    D) Hypothesize,question,predict,experiment,observe,analyze,communicate
    B) Observe, question, hypothesize, predict, experiment, analyze, communicate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. ___ is an "educated guess" to explain a phenomenon.

    A) Experiment
    B) Theory
    C) Hypothesis
    D) Law
    C) Hypothesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. What do we call an explanation for a phenomenon that has been tested by numerous related experiments and revised hypotheses?

    A) A control group
    B) An independent variable
    C) A dependent variable
    D) A theory
    D) A theory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. An experimental group matching all the conditions of the experiment except the variable being tested is the __ group.

    A) Hypothesis
    B) Inductive
    C) Dependent Variable
    D) Control
    D) Control
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A valid hypothesis must be ___.

    A) Testable and proven
    B) Testable and falsifiable
    C) Testable only
    D) Falsifiable and proven
    B) Testable and falsifiable
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. In comparison to eukaryotes, prokaryotes are ___.

    A) are larger
    B) do not have membranes
    C) are more structurally complex
    D) are smaller
    D) are smaller
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Prokaryotes are classified as belonging to two different domains. What are the domains?

    A) Archaea and Monera
    B) Eukarya and Animalia
    C) Bacteria and Archaea
    D) Protista and Bacteria
    C) Bacteria and Archaea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of these provides evidence of the common ancestry of all life?

    A) Structure of chloroplast
    B) Structure of the nucleus
    C) Structure of cilia
    D) Near universality of the genetic code
    D) Near universality of the genetic code
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of these is NOT one of the three domains of life?

    A) Eukarya
    B) Archaea
    C) Bacteria
    D) Animalia
    D) Animalia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. On a phylogenetic tree, the length of branches is __.

    A) The point in evolution when, based on scientific evidence, an ancestor is thought to have diverged to form two new species
    B) Proportional to the time elapsed since the split.
    C) The separation of living organisms into three domains
    D) The comparison of homologous DNA and RNA sequences provided by Woese
    B) Proportional to the time elapsed since the split.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Agrobacterium infects plants and causes them to form tumors. You are asked to determine how long a plant must be exposed to these bacteria to become infected. Which of the following experiments will provide the best data to address the question?

    A) Measure the number of tumors formed on a plant when exposed to various concentrations of Agrobacterium
    B) Determine the survival rate of Agrobacterium when exposed to different concentrations of an antibiotic
    C) Measure the concentration of Agrobacterium in different soil environments where the plants grow
    D) Measure the number of tumors formed on plants, which are exposed to Agrobacterium for different lengths of time
    D) Measure the number of tumors formed on plants, which are exposed to Agrobacterium for different lengths of time
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

Card Set Information

Author:
lduran8
ID:
328397
Filename:
Chapter 1 Questions
Updated:
2017-02-13 02:38:39
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biology chapter1
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Description:
study questions for chapter 1 ("The Study Of Life")
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