Conservation

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
32840
Filename:
Conservation
Updated:
2010-09-05 13:22:33
Tags:
History Conservation txt
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Description:
History of Conservation
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  1. CONSERVATION
    wise use of our natural resources
  2. PRESERVATION
    reservation and maintance of resources by forestalling use and destruction or NON-USE!
  3. NATURAL RESOURCE DEVELOPEMENT AND MANAGEMENT
    study of change in human interactions with their natural environment
  4. WHO WAS THE FIRST WILDLIFE MANAGER?
    kublai khan 1215-1294
  5. STEPHEN MATHER 1867-1930
    • founding director of US national park service fought to preserve parks
    • from private exploitation
  6. GIFFORD PINCHOT 1865-1946
    • first cheif of the US forest service 1905-10
    • advocated conservation of the forest reserves by planned use and renewel
    • coined the term "conservation" as applied to natural resources
  7. WHAT IS THE ROOSEVELT DOCTURINE ON CONSERVATION?
    • all outdoor resources as one integral whole, everythings inerelated
    • conservation as "wise use" as a public responsibility
    • science is the tool for discharging that responsibility
  8. JOHN MUIR 1838-1914
    • founder of the sierra club 1892
  9. HENRY DAVID THOREAU / RALPH WALDO EMERSON
    • shaped a new attitude towards wild nature by their romantic and transcedentalist essays
    • -nature (emerson)
    • -walden (thoreau)
    • - the maine woods (thoreau)
  10. WHAT ARE THE US CONSERVATION PERIODS?
    • exploitation
    • preservation
    • restoration
    • environmental quality
  11. WHAT WAS THE FIRST NATIONAL PARK AND UNDER WHAT PRESIDENT?
    • yellowstone national park march 1, 1872
    • president Grant
  12. WHAT DID THE CIVIL WAR IN 1861 CAUSE?
    mass mobilization and destruction of US resources
  13. WHAT WERE EARLY SOCIETIES CALLED?
    hunters and gathers
  14. WHAT DID EARLY AGRICULTURE CAUSE?
    reduced human mobility and land clearing resulted in habitat alteration and soil disturbance
  15. WHAT IS AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT?
    primarily irragated agriculture in the arid southwest, woodland agriculture and eastern decidious forests
  16. WHAT WAS THE TURN OF THE CENTURY?
    • individual state departments of conservation primarily concerned with
    • decline of wildlife resources
  17. EXPLAIN EXPLOITATION?
    • after colonies established the economy it was based on trade of North Americas abundant natural resources
    • theory came about that there was always more out west
    • then came market hunting, clear cutting and strip mining

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