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What are characteristics of Chlorpromazine? (typical antipsychotic)
Strong Sedative Effect and decreases BP
Match characteristics with drug:
1. strong sedative effect, decreases BP, moderate EPS risk. ____
2. Low sedative effect, strong risk of EPS. ____
What is the most widely used typical antipsychotic?
What 3 meds are used in an emergency situation as a "cocktail?"
Loxapine is ______ (low/med/extreme) sedating, ____ risk of EPS, ____ (hypotension/HTN) is common
- moderately sedating
- strong risk of EPS
- hypotension is common
What drug types will you administer to treat NMS?
Antipyretics, benzodiazepines, muscle relaxants
What is agranulocytosis?
a deficiency of granulocytes in the blood, causing increased vulnerability to infection.
What are the nursing considerations about Olanzepine (Zyprexa)?
- Monitor elderly for dehydration
- To avoid urinary retention, can encourage patient to void before taking drug
- Monitor for s/s of DM
What s/s must a patient report right away if taking Clozapine?
symptoms of infection, especially flu-like symptoms
Why must a patient taking Clozaril avoid exposure to the sun or taking hot baths?
Overexposure to the sun can cause heatstroke and hot baths can cause hypotension
What nursing considerations for Zprasidone HCl (Geodon)?
- Periodic ECG, BP
- Contraindicated to anyone with a history of cardiac diseases
What are the benefits and risks of taking a MAOI?
Can treat depression by preventing breakdown of seratonin and dopamine (from Monoamine Oxidase enzymes), but it also builds up tyramine, which can lead to hypertensive crisis