Sociology Chapter 2

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  1. Addiction
    Repeated use of a drug or alcohol to the point of periodic or chronic intoxication that is detrimental to the user or society.
  2. Abuse
    Improper use of drugs or alcohol to the degree that the consequences are defined as detrimental to the user or society.
  3. Symptoms of Alcoholism
    • 1. A craving or compulsion to drink.
    • 2. Loss of control to limit drinking on any particular occasion.
    • 3. Physical dependence.
    • 4. Tolerance, the need to drink increasingly greater amounts.
  4. Binge Drinking
    Having 5 or more drinks on the same occasion.
  5. Cannabinoids
    Euphoria; slowed thinking and reaction time; confusion; impaired balance and coordination/cough, frequent respiratory infections; impaired memory and learning; increased heart rate; anxiety; panic attacks; addiction.
  6. Hashish
    • Cannabinoid
    • Boom, chronic, hash, hemp, gangster
  7. Marijuana
    • Cannabinoid
    • Dope, grass, joints, pot, weed
  8. Depressants
    Reduced anxiety; feeling of well-being; lowered inhibitions; slowed pulse and breathing; lowered blood pressure; poor concentration/fatigue; confusion; impaired coordination, memory, judgement; addiction; respiratory depression and arrest; death.
  9. Barbiturates
    • Depressant
    • (sedation, drowsiness/depression; unusual excitement; fever; irritability; slurred speech; dizziness; life threatening withdrawal)
    • Amytal, Seconal, Phenobarbital; barbs, yellows, yellow jackets.
  10. Benzodiazepines
    • Depressant
    • (sedation, drowsiness/dizziness)
    • Ativan, Librium, Valium, Xanax; candy, downers, tranks
  11. Flunitrazepam
    • Depressant
    • (visual and gastro disturbances; urinary retention; memory loss for the time under the drugs effects)
    • Rohypnol; Mexican valium, R2, roofies, rope
  12. Hallucinogens
    Altered states of perception and feeling; nausea/persisting perception disorder
  13. LSD
    • Hallucinogen
    • (increased body temp, heart rate, blood pressure; loss of appetite; sleeplessness; numbness; weakness; tremors)
    • (persistent mental disorders)
    • Lysergic acid diethylamide; acid, boomers, cubes, yellow sunshines
  14. Mescaline
    • Hallucinogen
    • (increased body temp, heart rate, blood pressure; loss of appetite; sleeplessness; numbness; weakness; tremors)
    • Buttons, cactus, mesc, peyote
  15. Psilocybin
    • Hallucinogen
    • (nervousness; paranoia)
    • Magic mushrooms, purple passions, shrooms
  16. Opioids and Morphine Derivatives
    Pain relief; euphoria; drowsiness/constipation; confusion; sedation; respiratory depression and arrest; addiction; unconsciousness; coma; death
  17. Codeine
    • Opioid/Morphine derivative
    • Empirin with codeine, Robitussin A-C; cody, schoolboy
  18. Heroin
    • Codeine/Morphine derivative
    • (staggering gait)
    • Diacetylmorphine; brown sugar, dope, H, smack
  19. Morphine
    • Codeine/Morphine derivative
    • Rosanol; M, miss emma, monkey
  20. Oxycodone HCL
    • Codeine/Morphine derivative
    • Oxy, OC, killer
  21. Hydrocodone bitartrate
    • Codeine/Morphine derivative¬†
    • Vicodin; vike
  22. Stimulants
    Increased heart rate, blood pressure, metabolism; feelings of exhilaration, energy, increased mental alertness/rapid or irregular heart beat; reduced appetite; weight loss; heart failure; nervousness; insomnia
  23. Amphetamine
    • Stimulant
    • (rapid breathing/tremor; loss of coordination; irritability; anxiousness; restlessness; delirium; panic; paranoia; impulsive behavior; aggressiveness; addiction; psychosis)
    • Dexedrine; bennies, black, beauties, speed, uppers
  24. Cocaine
    • Stimulant
    • (increased temp/chest pain; respiratory failure; nausea; abdominal pain; strokes; seizures; headaches; malnutrition; panic attacks)
    • Cocaine hydrochloride; blow, bump, C, candy, coke, crack, snow
  25. MDMA
    • Stimulant
    • (mild hallucinogenic effects; increased tactile sensitivity; empathic feelings/impaired memory and learning; hyperthermia; cardiac toxicity; renal failure; liver toxicity)
    • Adam, clarity, ecstasy, eve, lovers speed, X, XTC
  26. Methamphetamine
    • Stimulant
    • (aggression, violence, psychotic behavior/memory loss; cardiac and neurological damage; impaired memory and learning; addiction)
    • Desoxyn; chalk, crank, crystal, glass, ice, speed
  27. Methylphenidate
    • Stimulant
    • Ritalin; JIF, R-ball, skippy, the smart dog
  28. Nicotine
    • Stimulant
    • (adverse pregnancy outcomes; chronic lung disease; cardiovascular disease; stroke; cancer; addiction)
    • Cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, snuff, chew
  29. Anabolic Steroids
    No intoxication effects/hypertension; blood clotting and cholesterol changes; liver and kidney cancer; hostility and aggression; in males, prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, breast enlargement; in females, menstrual irregularities, development of masculine characteristics
  30. Anadrol, Oxandrin, Equipoise
    • Anabolic Steroids
    • Roids, juice
  31. Inhalants
    Stimulation; loss of inhibition/headache; nausea or vomiting; slurred speech; loss of motor coordination; wheezing; unconsciousness; cramps; weight loss; muscle weakness; depression; memory impairment; damage to cardiovascular and nervous systems; sudden death
  32. Solvents (paint thinners, gasoline, glues), gases (butane, propane, aerosol, propellants)
    • Inhalants
    • laughing gas, poppers, snappers
  33. Psychotherapeutic drugs
    Prescription drugs (pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives) that are used for intoxication effects rather than medical purposes.
  34. Placebo
    Any substance having no physiological effect that is given to a subject who believes it to be a drug that does have an effect.
  35. Role Conflict
    A persons perception that two or more of his or her roles are contradictory, or that the same role has contradictory expectations, or that the expectations of the role are unacceptable or excessive.
  36. Detoxification
    Supervised withdrawal from dependence on a drug.
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Sociology Chapter 2
2017-03-02 08:31:25

Sociology vocab and notes, chapter 2
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