Vertebral Column

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Author:
haaveshes
ID:
32926
Filename:
Vertebral Column
Updated:
2010-09-05 23:58:12
Tags:
Vertebral Column Anatomy
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Description:
Vertebral Column,
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  1. Functions of Spine
    • A.
    • Weight support

    • B.
    • Shock absorber

    • C.
    • Transfer weight to pelvis

    • D.
    • Balance

    • E.
    • Bipedal locomotion

    • F.
    • Protect spinal cord and nerves
  2. The vertebral column
    houses and protects
  3. the spinal cord and
    nerves
  4. Typical Vertebra
    • A.
    • Body

    • B.
    • Arch

    • 1.
    • lamina

    • 2.
    • pedicles

    • a.
    • superior vertebral notch

    • b.
    • inferior vertebral notch

    • 3.
    • vertebral canal

  5. SPINA BIFIDA
    • usually involves 1 vertebra (L4 or S1
  6. Where does the vertebral artey go through?
    • Cervical Vertebrae
  7. Abnormal curvatures of the spine
    • 1.kyphosis -hunchback, dowager’s
    • hump


    2. lordosis- Exaggerated secondary curvature in the lumbar region






    • 3. scoliosis- lateral
    • curvature of the spine
  8. 1.kyphosis -hunchback, dowager’s hump ( Causes)
    Congenital, Occupational, osteoperosis, TB, Fractures, degenerating disc
  9. 2. lordosis- Exaggerated secondary curvature in the lumbar region (causes)
    Pregency or obesity
  10. 3. scoliosis- lateral curvature of the spine
    1.hemi-vertebra

    • 2. a short
    • leg

    • 3. polio,
    • stroke, herniated disc
  11. Idiopathic
    Unknown
  12. A decrease in the size of the thoracic
    cage can
  13. What 2 joints are associated with the spine
    • 1.Zygophyseal
    • (synovial)

    2. Intervertebral disc (symphysis)
  14. Zygophyseal joint
    • Connects the Superior and Posterior articular process
  15. The intervertebral
    discs account for about ____of the length of the vertebral column
  16. The intervertebral
    disc consist of:
  17. The Nucleus Pulposus:
    • a. is derived from the
    • notochord
    • b. is filled with a fibrogelatinous pulp (containing 80%
    • water in youth)
    • c. changes with age (looses water &
    • turgidity
  18. Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc occur
    • occur at lower cervical & lumbar
    • regions

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