# Toddler and Preschooler Nutrition

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1. birth to one year average infant ____ their birthweight
triples
2. toddlers gain on average ___ oz and grow ____ inches per month
8

0.4
3. Preschoolers gain ____ lb and grow ___ inches per year
4.4

2.75
4. growth chart that is birth to 2 years
WHO
5. growth char that is 2-20 years
CDC
6. when do you start measuring BMI for age?
2 years old
7. is predictive of body fat for children over 2
BMI for age
8. underweight with BMI for age
<5 percentile
9. babies can crawl upstairs at
15 months
10. babies can run stiffly at
18 months
11. babies can walk up stair one step at a time at
24 months
12. babies can walk independently by
1st birthday
13. babies can go upstairs using alternate feet at
30 months
14. when to temper tantrums peak?
start at two and between age 2-4
15. when a child is fixed on one food
food jag
16. plan to help with food jags
serve new foods with familiar foods and when child is hungry
17. True/False: if your child won't eat something you have to force them to or they never will
FALSE!!

want meal time to be positive...never force or punish for not eating
18. toddler sized portion
1 tablespoon of each food group per year of age

example: if 2 years old, 2 TBSP of each
19. Parent or caretaker responsibilities in eating relationship
• what is offered
• when and where food are offered
20. children responsibilities in eating relationship
• how much they eat
• whether they eat a particular food
21. True/False: parents should not attempt to control intake
true
22. Girls and boys intake for children age 1-3 years
• girls: 992 kcal/day
• boys: 1046 kcal/day
23. Girls and boys intake for children age 4-8 years
• girls: 1642 kcal/day
• boys: 1742 kcal/day
24. PA numbers for EER equation for GIRLS

sedentary:
low active:
active:
very active:
• sedentary:1
• low active:1.16
• active:1.31
• very active:1.56
25. PA numbers for EER equation for BOYS

sedentary:
low active:
active:
very active:
• sedentary:1
• low active:1.13
• active: 1.26
• very active:1.42
26. Protein needs for boys and girls ages (RDA)

1-3
4-8
1-3: 1.1 g/kg/d or 13 g/day

4-8: 0.95 g/kg/d or 19 g/day
27. Iron, Zinc and Calcium for 1-3 year olds
• iron: 7 mg/d
• zinc: 3 mg/d
• calcium: 700 mg/d
28. Iron, Zinc and Calcium for 4-8 year olds
• iron: 10
• zinc: 5
• calcium: 1000
29. children are at risk for iron deficiency if they
• consume a low iron diet
• drink more than 24 oz of milk per day
• low income
• chronic illness
30. iron supplementation recommendation for preschoolers if deficient
3 mg/kg/d
31. fiber recommendation for 1-3 year olds
19 g/day
32. fiber recommendation for 4-8 year olds
25 g/day
33. why is iron deficiency anemia a risk factor for lead poisoning?
when you have iron deficiency anemia you have an increased risk for pica, and then you wanna put non-food sources in ur mouth which can be a risk for lead poisoning
iron and calcium
35. ____ might increase lead excretion
vitamin C
36. BMI for age of greater than or equal to 95th percentile is classified as
obesity
37. BMI for age of greater than or equal to 85th to 94th percentile is classified as
overweight
38. what is recommended tool for assessing overweight and obesity
BMI for age
39. True/false: if someone is obese you always need to recommend dramatic weight loss
FALSE

wanna maintain weight while going height for obese children ages 2-5
40. True/False: Children following vegan diets tend to have lower rates of growth but remain within normal ranges
True
41. strict vegan diets are deficient in (5)
• vitamin B12
• vitamin D
• Calcium
• Zinc
• Omega-3 fatty acids
42. meal timing for children in part day programs (4-7 hours)
1 meal and 2 snacks

or

2 meals and 1 snack
43. meal timing for children in full day programs (greater than or equal to 8 hours)
2 meals and 2 snacks

or

1 meal and 3 snacks
44. food in children care centers must be offered at intervals not less than ___ hours and no more than ___ hours
2 and 3

## Card Set Information

 Author: arikell ID: 329621 Filename: Toddler and Preschooler Nutrition Updated: 2017-03-19 01:24:52 Tags: life cycle Folders: Description: LC Exam 2 Material Show Answers:

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