BIC Block 3 Day 1

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  1. What type of students learn more effectively?
    Motivated students
  2. What type of students are likely to have a negative influence on others?
    Unmotivated students
  3. What concept do psychologists use to account for changes in the frequency and vigor of a person's activities?
    Concept of Motivation
  4. What motivational concept states when students have a need, they lack something in a given activity or outcome can provide?
    Needs
  5. What motivational concept promotes focused attention and a desire to learn?
    Interests
  6. What motivational concept involves students having an orientation toward a class of goals considered important in their lives?
    Values
  7. What motivational concept consists of feelings for or against things (people, objects, ideas)?
    Attitudes
  8. What motivational concept can satisfy an aroused motive?
    Incentives
  9. What motivational concept is the hope and longing for achievement?
    Aspiration
  10. What motivational concept requires a certain level if the student is to make an effort?
    Aspiration
  11. What helps to explain why students with the same scholastic aptitude or intelligence perform differently in the classroom?
    Concept of motivation
  12. What's it called when a student achieves beyond their predicted capability?
    Overachievement
  13. What's it called when a student achieves below predicted capability?
    Underachievement
  14. What type of motivation does not come from the desire to succeed?
    Fear of failure
  15. What term means students will be motivated by the want and need of friendly relationships with other persons?
    Affiliation
  16. What term means others will be motivated by the desire to influence others?
    Power
  17. What term means other students will have strong needs for recognition?
    Approval
  18. What needs to be reinforced to increase motivation?
    Positive behaviors
  19. What do immature students need a great deal of that can be reduced as they mature?
    Reinforcement
  20. What comes from not attaining an expected incentive or goal?
    Frustration
  21. Aggression, withdrawal, or inappropriate displays of emotion are often indicators of what?
    Frustration
  22. What motivation techniques are powerful motivating devices when given after a proper response or performance or after a close approximation of a proper response or performance?
    Verbal encouragement (praise)
  23. What motivation technique states a short encouraging note based on a student's test performance has a positive effect on future test performance?
    Written comments
  24. What motivation technique states students have learned that benefits are associated with getting good grades?
    Grades
  25. What motivation technique is doing the unexpected or something novel motivates by arousing the student's curiosity or giving them a chance to be creative?
    Creative behavior
  26. What motivation technique makes the early stages of a learning task easy so students will have some initial success in task accomplishment?
    Periodic reinforcement
  27. What motivation technique uses examples based on the experiences of your students?
    Familiar examples
  28. What motivation technique breaks down objectives into tasks that are well within the student's abilities?
    Building block concept
  29. What motivation technique, when possible, should call upon previously acquired facts, concepts, and principles to develop a current lesson?
    Building block concept
  30. What motivation technique can be fun, may provide important learning experiences and helps keep students motivated?
    Computers, simulations, and games
  31. What motivation technique gets the leaders (formal and informal) among the students to adopt the goals and objectives of the course?
    Classroom leader support
  32. What motivation technique is long and includes items such as having students sit too long; having them try to listen in a room with poor acoustics; putting them too far away from a screen; not telling them how they are doing in a course until it is too late to do something about it; and not meeting their requests for help?
    Avoid unpleasant stimuli
  33. Motivation accounts for changes in the ______ and _____ of a person's activities?
    frequency/vigor
  34. The concept of "motivation" can be viewed as encompassing what six closely related concepts?
    Needs, interests, values, attitudes, incentives, and aspirations
  35. What consists of feelings for or against things (people, objects, ideas)?
    Attitudes
  36. An overachieving student will typically achieve beyond his/her...
    Predicted capability
  37. When students achieve below their predicted capability, they can be considered...
    Underachieving
  38. If students strive to perform well in order to avoid shame, ridicule, or punishment, they are likely motivated by...
    Fear of failure
  39. If students do not receive the reinforcement that was expected, they may experience...
    Frustration
  40. Verbal encouragement, grades, creative behavior, and supporting the class leader are all ways that instructors can...
    Motivate students
  41. What is closely connected to how students learn and behave?
    Self-concept
  42. If generally positive, what engenders self-respect and confidence?
    Self-concept
  43. If generally negative, what leads to feelings of inadequacy and a lack of confidence?
    Self-concept
  44. What may be thought of as a theory we have about ourselves?
    Self-concept
  45. What protects us from stress but can be used to avoid assuming responsibility, to avoid risk taking, or to develop excuses for immature or self-defeating behavior?
    Defense mechanism
  46. What can have a negative effect if they are used too long or when we really do need to cope with the situation right now?
    Defense mechanism
  47. What defense mechanism attempts to disguise the presence of a weak or undesirable quality by emphasizing a more positive one?
    Compensation
  48. What defense mechanism reduces tension by accepting and developing a less preferred but more attainable objective for a more preferred but less attainable objective?
    Compensation
  49. What defense mechanism is seeing their own feelings, shortcomings, or unacceptable impulses exaggerated in others?
    Projection
  50. What defense mechanism justifies one's own actions and directs attention away from their own personal shortcomings?
    Projection
  51. What defense mechanism aids in softening disappointment when we don't reach our goals?
    Rationalization
  52. What defense mechanism helps us come up with excuses when we do something we know we shouldn't but want to anyway?
    Rationalization
  53. What defense mechanism can often be ignored or refused to acknowledge disagreeable realities?
    Denial of reality
  54. What defense mechanism turns away from unpleasant sights, refuses to discuss unpleasant topics, and denies criticism?
    Denial of reality
  55. What defense mechanism is used to become so involved with work that we don't have to deal with marital, child-rearing, or other personal problems?
    Denial of reality
  56. What defense mechanism is closely linked with death, illness, and similar painful and major threatening events?
    Denial of reality
  57. What defense mechanism is used to protect yourself from dangerous desires by not only repressing them but actually developed conscious attitudes and behavior patterns that are just the opposite?
    Reaction formation
  58. What are strategies people use to deal with stress?
    Coping mechanisms
  59. What strategies should be recommended to counselees as possible solutions?
    Coping mechanisms
  60. What coping mechanism gets assistance from family and friends?
    Social support
  61. What coping mechanism can include support groups, or people with similar concerns, who join together to help one another?
    Social support
  62. What coping mechanism involves facing the problem and working towards a solution?
    Direct action
  63. What coping mechanism prevents the stress from recurring in the future?
    Direct action
  64. What coping mechanism is passive and accepts the fact that nothing can be done to remove the stress?
    Acceptance
  65. What coping mechanism puts a positive spin on a situation that could be considered negative?
    Redefine the situation
  66. What coping mechanism states "it's not a problem; it's a challenge"?
    Redefine the situation
  67. What coping mechanism expresses one's feelings about the stressful situation in a positive way?
    Catharsis
  68. What coping mechanism isn't ranting but rather talking things out?
    Catharsis
  69. When students do something worthy of recognition, what do instructors need to give students?
    Give recognition
  70. Instructors who have low self-concepts tend to have students in their classrooms with...
    Lower self-concepts
  71. Instructors who have positive self-concepts tend to have students with...
    High self-concepts
  72. What can lead to improved performance as students strive to do their best?
    Competition
  73. What can result in negative perceptions of the self if the students happen to lose more than they win?
    Competition
  74. When instructors believe students will perform well academically, they...
    Normally do
  75. When instructors have low expectations, students perform...
    Poorly
  76. Students grow, flourish, and develop better in a relationship with someone who...
    Trusts them and believes in their capabilities
  77. When Tom found out he failed his written exam, he reminded his instructor how fast he had completed his progress check.
     
    Compensation
  78. Steve still didn’t think he had a drinking problem even after getting several DWIs.
    Denial of reality
  79. During counseling, a student expresses anxiety about an upcoming event. You try to help the student see the event as an opportunity rather than as a problem.
    Redefine the situation
  80. SSgt Manis expressed a romantic interest in one of his peers. Finding that she does not share his interest, he turned his attention to someone else.
    Acceptance
  81. When Pedro failed his driving test, he laughed and high-fived his instructor.
    Reaction formation
  82. SSgt Adams is having difficulty budgeting his money and paying his bills. He decides to go to a financial management class to learn how to set up a budget.
    Direct Action
  83. Airman Robinson dislikes her supervisor. After she got a mark down on her EPR, she assumed her supervisor doesn’t like her either.
    Projection
  84. Airman Jones explains that he has been distracted because he and his wife are having marital problems. The instructor recommends they go to a couples support group.
    Social support
  85. Seaman Garcia explained to his supervisor he was late to work because his daughter was crying all night long, his wife refused to help out, and he stayed up late studying.
    Rationalization
  86. A student said to you, “Let’s talk so I can get a problem off my chest”.
    Catharsis
  87. What term states it's your responsibility, as an instructor, to ensure your students are informed of their progress throughout the course of instruction?
    Academic counseling
  88. What is documented on the USAFSAM Form 3, Record of Individual Counseling and file it in the student folders?
    Academic counseling
  89. What type of counseling is where instructors counsel students whenever their attitude or behavior does not meet military standards?
    Non-academic counseling
  90. What type of counseling includes dealing with problems like poor performance, substandard dress or appearance, personal behavior, or social actions?
    Non-academic counseling
  91. What type of counseling style is counselor-centered and works best to correct simple problems, make on-the-spot corrections, and correcting aspects of duty performance?
    Directive style
  92. What type of counseling style is counselee-centered and is preferred for most counseling sessions where you listen rather than make decisions or give advice?
    Non-directive style
  93. What type of counseling style is where a counselor uses techniques from both the directive and non-directive styles, adjusting them to articulate what's best for the counselee?
    Combined style
  94. What type of counseling style is where the counselee develops a plan of action?
    Combined style
  95. What counseling approach states feelings result from thoughts?
    Cognitive approach
  96. What counseling approach states rational-emotive counselors view people as being capable of both rational and irrational (illogical) thinking?
    Cognitive approach
  97. What counseling approach has a major element in their theory that states our emotions are caused and controlled by our thinking (i.e. what we think becomes our emotion)?
    Cognitive approach
  98. What counseling approach tries to get the student to view the situation realistically?
    Cognitive approach
  99. What counseling approach is where the counselor disputes irrational thoughts and the counselee gains self-acceptance?
    Cognitive approach
  100. What counseling approach is where the counselor should explain to the student how self-talk brings on the very thing they are trying to avoid?
    Cognitive approach
  101. What counseling approach should get the student to view the situation realistically?
    Cognitive approach
  102. What counseling approach should the counselee be responsible for implementing the rational thoughts?
    Cognitive approach
  103. What counseling approach states most human behavior is learned and is therefore subject to change?
    Behavioral approach
  104. What counseling approach states faulty behaviors can be unlearned and correct behaviors can be learned?
    Behavioral approach
  105. What counseling approach has a basic principle of reinforcement?
    Behavioral approach
  106. What type of reinforcement rewards praise, grades, and awards for appropriate behavior in hopes of getting students to repeat this type of behavior?
    Positive reinforcement
  107. What type of reinforcement is reinforced by the removal of the disapproval, criticism, or nagging and the particular response should occur again?
    Negative reinforcement
  108. What counseling approach influences the behavior?
    Behavioral approach
  109. What counseling approach sets specific goals with measurable outcomes using behavioral statements?
    Behavioral approach
  110. What counseling approach measures the success of counseling against observable behavior changes?
    Behavioral approach
  111. What counseling approach should be concerned with the counselee's thoughts and feelings about the problem?
    Behavioral approach
  112. What counseling approach states a counselor's acceptance, understanding, and sincerity toward the counselee are important for establishing rapport?
    Behavioral approach
  113. What counseling approach states counselors should help the counselee outline a course of action that will solve the problem, meet goals, and give the counselee positive reinforcement?
    Behavioral approach
  114. What counseling approach states the counselee's cooperation determines if behavior modification is successful?
    Behavioral approach
  115. What counseling approach emphasizes people's ability to determine the issues important to them and to solve their own problems?
    Humanistic approach
  116. What counseling approach views counselees as good people who need counseling because their goal-directed behavior has been frustrated?
    Humanistic approach
  117. What counseling approach states no one knows the student and the total situation better than the student and consequently, only the student can make the most reasonable choice?
    Humanistic approach
  118. What counseling approach is to establish a helping relationship in which students know they are accepted and free to make choices without fear of losing your regard and understanding?
    Humanistic approach
  119. What counseling approach avoids directive techniques?
    Humanistic approach
  120. What counseling approach gives responsibility to the student to resolve the problem and encourage their efforts during the counseling?
    Humanistic approach
  121. What counseling approach states the counselor's primary responsibility is to create a helping relationship in which students can gain self-understanding?
    Humanistic approach
  122. What counseling approach states taking a less active role may mean stifling your impulses to suggest solutions and to criticize the counselee?
    Humanistic approach
  123. What counseling approach is most effective with a counselor as a listener, a "giant ear," or sounding board for the student?
    Humanistic approach
  124. What counseling approach is where the counselee's responsibility is to communicate with you and make an effort to solve the problem?
    Humanistic approach
  125. What stage of the interview should you work to establish rapport?
    Initiation
  126. What stage of the interview should focus on the student's reason for being there?
    Initiation
  127. What stage of the interview involves starting counseling appointments on time or provide a good and sufficient reason why the appointment was not met?
    Initiation
  128. What stage of the interview is where you tell the student how much time you have available for the counseling session?
    Initiation
  129. What stage of the interview ends when the instructor and student understand what is to be discussed and agree it should be?
    Initiation
  130. What stage of the interview is where you assist the student in exploring the problem, its causes, and possible solutions?
    Development
  131. What stage of the interview has three phases?
    Development
  132. What phase in the development stage is when the instructor directs efforts toward establishing a base or building a good relationship with the student?
    Self-exploration
  133. What phase in the development stage is when the student is allowed to explore the problem in depth?
    Self-explanation
  134. What phase in the development stage is when the instructors assists the student in making some sense out of the many pieces of the puzzle?
    Self-understanding
  135. What phase in the development stage is when the student must not only understand the problem in-depth but make a commitment to follow through with a plan or program designed to correct the inappropriate behavior?
    Self-understanding
  136. What phase in the development stage is the most difficult?
    Student action
  137. What phase in the development stage is when the instructor and student must devise a plan the student can follow to resolve their problem(s)?
    Student action
  138. What phase in the development stage emphasizes the outcome and achievement of attainable goals?
    Student action
  139. What stage of the interview is where both partners in the interview should be aware closing is taking place?
    Closing
  140. What stage of the interview is when no new material should be introduced or discussed?
    Closing
  141. What stage of the interview should a short summation of the session be conducted with the agreed-upon course of action by either the instructor or the student can effectively close out the session?
    Closing
  142. What stage of the interview is especially important because what occurs during this last stage is likely to determine the student's impression of the interview as a whole?
    Closing
  143. During counseling, what has some bearing on whether the relationship will be facilitated or thwarted?
    Counseling environment
  144. What part of the counseling environment is the main contributing factor?
    Privacy
  145. What part of the counseling environment will allow one-on-one exchange of information?
    Privacy
  146. What part of the counseling environment states nothing will limit the relationship more quickly than knowing others are able to hear or see what is taking place?
    Privacy
  147. What part of the counseling environment is it advisable to leave the door part way open and/or have a witness observe the counseling session?
    Privacy
  148. What part of the counseling environment is based on the type of counseling being performed?
    Seating arrangement
  149. What part of the counseling environment suggests a seating position across the corner of a desk, chairs placed close to each other at a 90-degree angle with a small table nearby, or a facing chair arrangement with approximately 30 - 40 inches between the counselors and students?
    Seating arrangement
  150. What part of the counseling environment establishes rapport and builds trust by preventing this hindrance?
    Limited interruptions
  151. What part of the counseling environment must be upheld in order to prevent destroying in seconds what you and the student have tried hard to build over a period of time?
    Limited interruptions
  152. What part of the counseling environment states information can be useful in preparing for a counseling session?
    Student folders
  153. What part of the counseling environment should be placed in a drawer or removed from view before the student arrives?
    Student folders
  154. What part of the counseling environment requires the instructor to remain objective in your relationship with the student(s)?
    Student folders
  155. What part of the counseling environment states students may reveal intimate, personal, and sometimes painful details and experiences?
    Confidentiality
  156. What part of the counseling environment has students usually assuming others will not have access to their disclosures without their consent?
    Confidentiality
  157. What part of the counseling environment states disclosure of confidential information must be limited only to those employees who require the information for the performance of their jobs?
    Confidentiality
  158. What part of the counseling environment states the military does not recognize any legally enforceable "privileged communication" between a counselor and counselee (i.e. instructor and student)?
    Confidentiality
  159. What part of the counseling environment states counselors should consult with their local documentation management office and judge advocate officials to resolve any uncertainty?
    Confidentiality

Card Set Information

Author:
goudatwist
ID:
329655
Filename:
BIC Block 3 Day 1
Updated:
2017-03-21 00:15:05
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BIC
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BIC
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