Family Development Midterm

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  1. what is the color of the sky

    A) Orange
    B) Green
    C) Red
    D) Blue
    D) Blue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Addison and Sujay are expecting a baby soon and reading up on how to maintain a happy familY. They learn that one way to create family cohesion is to

    A) attend religious services with extended family
    B) try to be physically together all of the time
    C) avoid arguments at all costs
    D) do what they can to eat dinner together
    D) do what they can to eat dinner together
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Darcy and Greg have three children who are grown and have families of their owN) The four families plan all their social activities together and have few close friendships outside this circlE) What form of cohesion is this family illustrating?
    A) enmeshed
    B) connected
    C) disengaged
    D) disconnected
    A) enmeshed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which scenario is an example of an externalizing behavior problem?
    A) Tasha feels sad most of the time after moving to a new schooL)
    B) Tasha thinks that her classmates dislike her after her parents divorcE)
    C) Tasha refuses to clean her room after her parents have a fighT)
    D) Tasha is anxious about leaving the house after her parent's separatioN)
    C) Tasha refuses to clean her room after her parents have a fighT)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Tahim and Nadia have been together for three yearS) They frequently argue and threaten to break up, and then make up and talk about how much they love each otheR) What type of relationship are they in?
    A) tempestuous
    B) critical
    C) cyclical
    D) hostile
    A) tempestuous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Debbie and Carl don't feel much affection for each other, but neither do they have much to argue about. What term characterizes their marriage?
    A) steady
    B) cool
    C) bland
    D) amorphous
    C) bland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which action could be interpreted as "positive affect" in a marriage?
    A) washing dishes on the other person's "night" to do them
    B) going out for drinks after work before meeting your spouse
    C) doing paperwork at the same table while listening to your spouse
    D) pursuing separate hobbies that you each enjoy independently
     A) washing dishes on the other person's "night" to do them 
  8. Who is illustrating relationship-focused coping with his partner?
    A) Kevin, who walks away from Diane to avoid a fight
    B) Paul, who does not want to visit in-laws, but agrees to a short visit
    C) Andy, who continues to push for a new tie until he convinces Lisa
    D) Steve, who is tired of doing the dishes so pretends to be asleep
    B) Paul, who does not want to visit in-laws, but agrees to a short visit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Sadie often tells Andrew that he can't do anything right, especially when Andrew has just done something that Sadie doesn't like. Sadie shows her anger with Andrew through
    A) relationship-focused coping.
    B) passive aggression.
    C) relational aggression.
    D) negative affect.
    B) passive aggression.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. After Ted forgets their dinner plans while playing golf, Sarah breaks his favorite golf club. She has expressed her anger through
    A) repression.
    B) transference.
    C) relational aggression.
    D) displacement.
    D) displacement.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Jake can't believe that Gina has invited her sister to tag along on a concert with them. He "loses" her ticket by hiding it in his backpack. Jake is engaging in
    A) displacement.
    B) sabotage.
    C) transference.
    D) stonewalling. 
    B) sabotage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. According to Gottman,
    occurs when one partner feels that he or she is smarter
    and/or more sensible than the other. For example, one partner might sigh or look up at the sky as a response to something the partner says or does.
    A) contempt
    B) defensiveness
    C) criticism
    D) stonewalling
    A) contempt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Lori is so frustrated with her husband David. No matter how many times she tells him not to, he still leaves her to fend for herself at parties. Whenever she brings it up, he just says that she is a big girl. David is engaging in
    A) contempt.
    B) backlashing.
    C) appeasement.
    D) stonewalling.
    D) stonewalling.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Amy does not like how her mother-in-law treats her, and has had it. This year, she refuses to go to her in-laws for the family holiday dinner, and insists that the kids stay home with her as well. Amy is exhibiting
    A) belligerence.
    B) stonewalling.
    C) defensiveness.
    D) contempt.
    A) belligerence.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Caden is getting ready to go to work and says to his girlfriend, Holly, "Don't even start—I know what you're going to say. I can take out the trash without being nagged about it." Caden is exhibiting
    A) belligerence.
    B) contempt.
    C) stonewalling.
    D) defensiveness.
    D) defensiveness.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Lori is a stay-at-home mother. Her husband, Rohan, often goes out to a bar with his co- workers after work for hours, leaving Lori to spend the evening alone with the kids. She sometimes warns him that he'll be in trouble if he doesn't start treating her better, and he typically responds by saying "What are you going to do, leave?" Lori's husband is showing
    A) low-intensity negative affect.
    B) high-intensity negative affect.
    C) whining.
    D) defensiveness.
    B) high-intensity negative affect.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Mike tells Paula that his boss wants him to work overtime on a day that he had plans to go fishing with his buddies. He then thinks out loud about how he can get the work done
    before the fishing trip. This is an example of
    A) mild negative affect.
    B) withdraw communication.
    C) rapport talk.
    D) report talk.
    D) report talk.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. According to Frank, Kelly can't seem to do anything right. He constantly tells her she needs
    to learn how to cook and clean from his mother. She is growing weary of his
    A) stonewalling.
    B) defensiveness.
    C) contempt.
    D) criticism.
    D) criticism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Jackie has had a difficult day at work with a bossy co-worker. She shares the details of her
    miserable day with her boyfriend, hoping for some commiseration. Jackie is
    communicating with her boyfriend by using
    A) explicit gestures.
    B) double messages.
    C) report talk.
    D) rapport talk.
    D) rapport talk.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. jQuery110109210342798504683_1490202331817?  A therapist wants to explain the female-demand/male-withdraw communication pattern to couple. Which scenario will illustrate this style?
    A) Nick wants to discuss his fishing trip. Christen lets him know she doesn't think he should go.
    B) Nick has had a tough day at work. He tells Christen he will discuss holiday plans after he had a chance to relax.
    C) Christen wants to go to the movies. She continues to bring it up with Nick until he agrees to go.
    D) Christen wants to discuss having a baby. Nick isn't sure about this, so he finds a reason to leave the room.
    D) Christen wants to discuss having a baby. Nick isn't sure about this, so he finds a reason to leave the room.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Martha and Travis are trying to get out of a rut. You suggest that the practice of checking it
    out might help them
    A) figure out what the other person is really thinking, rather than guessing.
    B) learn how to resolve arguments by taking turns rather than interrupting.
    C) avoid the use of statements that are intended to blame each other.
    D) come up with new and exciting topics to discuss.
    A) figure out what the other person is really thinking, rather than guessing.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Your partner spills coffee on your laptop while she is installing some software. Which question might help your partner avoid feeling defensive?
    A) What were you thinking?
    B) Why did you do that?
    C) What happened to cause the spill?
    D) Why did you think that would work?
    C) What happened to cause the spill? 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. jQuery11010854439659565952_1490210734534?  A couple attends a relationship retreat to learn more about communication and how to navigate disagreement. According to your text, what is a key concept they might take away
    about forgiveness?
    A) Forgiveness comes when the offender is worthy of forgiving.
    B) Forgiveness comes when the couple forgets the issue at hand.
    C) Forgiveness comes when the couple moves forward from the issue at hand.
    D) Forgiveness comes when the offender has shown repeated remorse for the issue at hand.
    C) Forgiveness comes when the couple moves forward from the issue at hand.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Elizabeth works as a public librarian. She is known for letting people know when there's a
    problem, listening to her colleagues and addressing their concerns promptly, and
    maintaining her composure and good grace through it all. Elizabeth exhibits
    A) emotional intelligence.
    B) aural intelligence.
    C) kinesthetic intelligence.
    D) spatial intelligence.
    A) emotional intelligence.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. A new couple is attending prenuptial classes. At the end of the last class, the leader asks
    each couple to express their thoughts on conflict in relationships. How should they
    respond?
    A) Conflict does not allow for health and positive communication.
    B) Conflict kills relationships.
    C) Conflict can be avoided if one partner is willing to change.
    D) Conflict is a necessary part of relationship communication.
    D) Conflict is a necessary part of relationship communication.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Paige is angry that Dennis was late one evening. Dennis asks her if she is angry and she replies, "No," while slamming the front door shut. Paige's response is an example of
    A) balance of acceptance.*******
    B) constructive conflict.
    C) a double message.
    D) checking it out.
    C) a double message.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. How does the median age of a first marriage today compare nith that of the past?
    A) The median age of first marriages in 2011 are higher than any ages ever recorded.
    B) The median age of first marriages in 2011 is the same as for men in 1960, but higher for women than in 1960.
    C) The median age of first marriages in 2011 have kept pace with a 100-year-old trend of marrying at increasingly older ages.
    D) The median age of first marriages in 2011 is the same as for women in 1960, but higher for men than in 1960.
    A) The median age of first marriages in 2011 are higher than any ages ever recorded.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The Roman Catholic Church influenced marriages around 400 years ago by providing
    A) regulations for marriage that were often ignored.
    B) regulations for marriage that were strictly enforced.
    C) religious-based marriage counseling.
    D) legal marriage licenses.
    A) regulations for marriage that were often ignored.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The family unit acts as an organizational unit that serves a function in society based on social norms, values and beliefs. This is known as a(n)
    A) deinstitutionalized structure
    B) social institution
    C) ecological institution
    D) canonical structure
    B) social institution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Society has historically looked at marriage as
    A) a way to spiritual enlightenment.
    B) the culmination of the love between two people.
    C) the financial agreement between the gaffers' families.
    D) a means to produce many children.
    C) the financial agreement between the gaffers' families.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Gertrude has four husbands. i%at type of marriage arrangement is this?
    A) polygyny
    B) polyandry
    C) monogamy
    D) misogyny
    B) polyandry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. type of society favors romantic love over kinship benefits?
    A) patriarchal
    B) collectivist
    C) individualistic
    D) communal
    C) individualistic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The Industrial Revolution resulted in a transition of marriage from a(n)
    A) communal to a patriarchal institution.
    B) communal to a collectivistic institution.
    C) individualistic to a patriarchal institution.
    D) patriarchal to an individualistic institution.
    D) patriarchal to an individualistic institution.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Who would be a member of one's virtual kin?
    A) a supervisor
    B) a close family friend
    C) a distant uncle
    D) an online acquaintance
    B) a close family friend
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. type of unit is characterized by its reliance on aunts and uncles as integral parts of the family?
    A) basic family
    B) family of procreation
    C) nuclear family
    D) family of orientation
    C) nuclear family
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. What does an increasing trend of cohabitation rather than marriage in a society reflect?
    A) the elimination of the family of procreation
    B) the expansion of institutional marriage
    C) the deinstitutionalization of marriage
    D) the rise of the family of orientation
    C) the deinstitutionalization of marriage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. How did companionate marriage transition into individualized marriage?
    A) Women began domestic pursuits.
    B) The concepts of self-actualization and independent thinking were more accepted.
    C) People went from arranged marriages to marriages for love.
    D) Men became the primary breaciwinners.
    B) The concepts of self-actualization and independent thinking were more accepted.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Sasha and Bill craft their ideas about marriage based on their own expectations of emotional intimacy and personal growth. what type of marriage does this illustrate?
    A) companionate marriage
    B) communal marriage
    C) institutional marriage
    D) individualized marriage
    D) individualized marriage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. jQuery110105559745384592096_1490212305408? The selection hypothesis, as it relates to marriage, might explain how conditions
    A) facilitate selection of a patner based on predictions of success.
    B) continue the benefits that were there before a marriage.
    C) are based on existing relational patterns with family members.
    D) help couples stay together based on their sexual compatibility.
    C) are based on existing relational patterns with family members.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Kevin and Shauna have been married for three years. Suppose that they have grovvn happier together purely based on the fact that they are, in fact, married to each other. would explain this?
    A) selection hypothesis
    B) covenant marriage
    C) enforced trust
    D) experience hypothesis
    D) experience hypothesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Lashonda is a well-adjusted child with good grades and a generally respectful attitude. Her parents believe that her behavior is largely based on the fact that they have remained married to each other. Which 
    perspective would agree with this?
    A) two-caregiver
    B) change
    C) covenant
    D) marriage
    D) marriage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Sadie is in an abusive marriage, and •,xmuld like to get a divorce. Her marriage is bound by covenant marriage laws. How this affect her plans for a divorce?
    A) Sadie cannot get a divorce because covenant marriages cannot be dissolved.
    B) Sadie must go through a separation for at least two years.
    C) Sadie's husband is the only one who can initiate a divorce.
    D) Sadie can easily get a divorce under these laws.
    B) Sadie must go through a separation for at least two years.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Michael and Micah are married, but Charlene and Devin are not. ii'llat might predict based on marriage gap statistics?
    A) Michael and Micah come from similar cultural backgrounds.
    B) Michael and Micah cohabitated before marrying.
    C) Michael and Micah are more religious.
    D) Michael and Micah are from a higher socioeconomic status.
    D) Michael and Micah are from a higher socioeconomic status.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Susan is a young attractive store cashier with children, each with a different biological father. Based on the multiple partner fertility perspective, do her prospects for marriage look like?
    A) Not good; she has a minimum-wage job.
    B) Not so good; she has children.
    C) Good; she knows how to care for children.
    D) Good; she is young and attractive.
    B) Not so good; she has children.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Policy makers following the family change perspective would expect a single mother working to feed and clothe her children to spend her energies on
    A) career and parenting education.
    B) getting or staying out of debt.
    C) spending more time with her kids.
    D) finding a partner to help raise her family.
    A) career and parenting education.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Daymon and Allie are getting married. If their relationship is based on the concept of enforced trust, this commitment •will involve
    A) having children in the future.
    B) friends and family bringing gifts to the ceremony.
    C) developing a sense of dependence on each other.
    D) sharing living costs, such as rent and food.
    B) friends and family bringing gifts to the ceremony
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. jQuery1101040157757541410777_1490232386184????? Kaitlyn just turned 40 and is unhappy in her marriage of five years. can be predicted to happen in this situation, based on research cited in your text?
    A) She will stay in the marriage because there are few other prospects.
    B) She will get a divorce and find a patner better suited to her interests.
    C) She will get a divorce because of the confidence and independence that is typical of her age.
    D) She will stay in the marriage because of her belief in its eventual success.
    D) She will stay in the marriage because of her belief in its eventual success.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. i%en couples engage in role-making, as opposed to role-taking, they
    A) base their roles on gender stereotypes.
    B) compare job status and income.
    C) negotiate their expectations for the relationship.
    D) follow the noms of their respective families.
    C) negotiate their expectations for the relationship.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Andres and Charita are newlyweds. advice could John Gottman give them ?
    A) Find time to hang out separately with friends.
    B) Communicate wants and needs adequately.
    C) Stay in touch with both sets of parents.
    D) Divide household chores evenly.
    B) Communicate wants and needs adequately.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Doris and Keenan are getting married for the first time. According to the Creighton University study cited in your text, is one key issue that they •will face in their new marriage?
    A) deciding where to live
    B) determining how to arrange the furniture
    C) learning about each others habits
    D) navigating blended finances
    D) navigating blended finances
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The concept of marital sanctification is based on the
    A) divine ordination of marriage.
    B) buffering aspects of marriage.
    C) familial component of marriage.
    D) economic stability of marriage.
    A) divine ordination of marriage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. In order to be considered scientific, research must be based on
    A. empirical evidence.
    B. experiential knowledge.
    C. group consensus.
    D. social characteristics.
    A. empirical evidence.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. In order to be considered scientific, research must be based on
    A. experiential knowledge.
    B. group consensus.
    C. empirical evidence.
    D. social characteristics.
    C. empirical evidence.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. What process helps to ensure that published research is objective and verifiable?
    A. blind review
    B. subjective inquiry
    C. random sampling
    D. peer consensus
    D. peer consensus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Researchers develop a _________of marriages and families based on patterns they observe and analyze in the real world.
    A. symbolic structure
    B. cumulative network
    C. theoretical perspective
    D. neural mapping
    C. theoretical perspective
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Sarah's workplace provides an attached daycare for the children of its employees. You are exploring the impact of this daycare on the
    participating families' environment and workplace. mat theoretical perspective lends itself to this analysis?
    A. systems theory
    B. exchange theory
    C. constructionist
    D. family ecology
    D. family ecology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. A research project using a family ecology perspective may be problematic in that the
    A. focus will probably be on the traditional nuclear family structure.
    B. time frame lends itself toward standardization of outcomes.
    C. scope may be too broad to be inforrnative.
    D. participant base may too narrow to produce reliable data.
    C. scope may be too broad to be inforrnative.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. How does the delayed transition to adulthood today, as compared with the past, interfere with role sequencing?
    A. It encourages early independence.
    B. It eases the burden of child rearing in the middle years.
    C. It creates family structure and unity with regard to developmental tasks.
    D. It alters the proper transitional sequence and may impact future mental health and happiness.
    D. It alters the proper transitional sequence and may impact future mental health and happiness.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Casey is studying how one family has handled a number of typical life events by surveying three generations. His work will be
    primarily based on which perspective?
    A. attachment theory
    B. family life course development framework
    C. interaction-constructionist
    D. conflict-relational theory
    B. family life course development framework
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Which hypothesis proposes that an individual should be well-established in a job before getting married, and be well-established in
    marriage before having children?
    a. systems boundary
    b. emerging adulthood
    c. normative order
    d. nested structure

    c. normative order
  61. Two middle-aged couples have both recently sent their last child off to college. One couple consists of two gay, White males, and the
    other consists of a Pakistani mother and Indonesian father. Which perspective would tend to come to the same conclusions about
    how these two couples handle the "empty nest" based on rituals and role making?
    A. family life course development
    B. structure-functional
    C. postmodernist
    D. interaction-constructionist
    B. structure-functional
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. ??? Sixteen-year-old Rahul lives with his mother, aunt, and grandparents. This arrangement describes his
    a. equilibrium.
    b. exchange balance.
    c. fictive kin.
    d. social structure.
  63. ??? Which theory proposes that a "real" family does not exist, but rather, that people make up their ideas of what constitutes a family
    from the stories and objects around them?
    a. conflict theory
    b. family systems theory
    c. exchange theory
    d. postmodern theory
  64. Clara is a part-time dance teacher with three children and a husband who has had a string of extramarital affairs over the years.
    Which theory would propose that she stays with her husband because of her lack of independent resources, in spite of his infidelity?
    A. biosocial theory
    B. structure-functional theory
    C. postmodern theory
    D. exchange theory
    D. exchange theory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. ???Jacob's dad has been staying out late and coming home drunk for the past several months. He and his mom have compensated by splitting all of the household tasks between the two of them. VVhat theory directly addresses this family dynamic?
    a. network theory
    b. biosocial theory
    c. family systems theory
    d. exchange theory
  66. Gilda is a vehement proponent of abolishing marriage altogether because of its inherent inequality. If she had to choose one
    sociological theory' that described her belief system, what would it be?
    A. feminist theory
    B. exchange theory
    C. postmodern theory
    D. family ecology theory
    A. feminist theory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Which theory would explain that Cinderella was treated badly by her family primarily because she was a stepdaughter and not a
    blood-related daughter?
    A. biosocial perspective
    B. structure-functional theory
    C. exchange theory
    D. interaction-constructionist theory
    A. biosocial perspective
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. Cecelia dates casually but refuses to commit or become close. What term describes her attachment style?
    A. avoidant
    B. Insecure
    C. independent
    D. disconnected
    A. avoidant
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. ??? In designing his research on the role of certain festivals in Mexican family life, Gilberto proposed that certain festivals hold certain meanings based on the interaction-constructionist theory. This proposal is known as a
    a. tautology
    b. hypothesis
    c. methodology
    d. social discourse
  70. Which form of research would a scientist use to study the effects of divorce on children over the course of the next 25 years of their
    lives?
    A. longitudinal study
    B. cross-sectional study
    C. cross-cultural study
    D. vertical study
    A. longitudinal study
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. What type of research would utilize census data to determine statistical facts?
    A. direct observation
    B. qualitative
    C. quantitative
    D. experimentation
    C. quantitative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. What type of research would gather the greatest depth of information on how individuals feel after experiencing a natural disaster?
    A. computer-assisted analysis
    B. quantitative research
    C. numerical approach
    D. qualitative research
    D. qualitative research
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. ??? Political polls that generate data each of the fifty states without random assignment might generalize the information they gather to the entire country with a very low probability of error through
    a. representative samples of the national population.
    b. targeted selections from specific regions of the country.
    c. very large sample populations (one million or more).
    d. email solicitations of research participants.
  74. ??? What would be the most cost-effective means of gathering information from the largest number of individuals?
    a. clinical case studies
    b. focus groups
    c. naturalistic observation
    d. survey questionnaires
  75. ??? In a drug study of a new medication, one group receives the medication while the other group receives a placebo. The second group
    acts as the
    a. variable group.
    b. control group.
    c. field group.
    d. experimental group.
  76. You are embarking on a family research project. mat group will determine the safety and necessity of your proposed research study?
    A. the American Psychological Association
    B. an institutional review board
    C. an elected regional board of family therapists
    D. the American Sociological Association
    B. an institutional review board
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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Missybambi1
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Filename:
Family Development Midterm
Updated:
2017-03-23 05:06:21
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