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larvae have ... adapted for
chewing and scraping
A few species of mosquitoes (e.g.,
Toxorhynchites spp.) are ... on
other aquatic arthropods; these larvae
have mandibles adapted for ... and
The amount of ... available to larvae is
one of the factors that determine the time
needed to complete ... development.
If ... is limited, larval developmental
time is extended.
The digestive tract changes from that of
a larva to an adult during the pupal stage,
and so, the pupal does not ..
Both male and female adult mosquitoes
drink water and feed on sugar sources
such as ... or ....
Most female mosquitoes require vertebrate ... to develop eggs for reproduction, and except under special situations, blood does not
contribute to ....
Both males and females use the ... for feeding
Mosquitoes in the genus ... do not feed on vertebrate blood.
... is the term used
to describe the development of eggs to
maturity without a blood meal, and this
trait appears in many species under various
... is difficult for larvae. Larvae that
live in ... habitats tend towards ... water uptake and loss of ions through ....
... is the biological mechanism by which water passes through semi-permeable membranes from the side of the membrane having a lower concentration of ions to the side of the membrane having the higher concentration of membranes.
Larvae in ... habitats tend to lose
larvae in ... habitats drink large amounts of water and by selective removal of ions by a set of organs called the ... ... and
by the ....
- Malpighian tubules