Chem 5, College of the Desert.txt

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Mattyj1388
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Chem 5, College of the Desert.txt
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2011-06-23 18:20:59
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Chapter16 Chem5
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  1. Carbonyl compound
    Any compound that contains a carbonyl group C=O.
  2. Carbonyl group
    A functional group that has a Carbon atom joined to an oxygen atom by a double bond.
  3. Aldehyde
    A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to at least one hydrogen, RCHO.
  4. Ketone
    A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons in organic groups that can be the same or different, R2C=O, RCOR'.
  5. Aldehyde
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-H
  6. Ketone
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-R
  7. Carboxylic acid
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-O-H
  8. Ester
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-O-R'
  9. Amide
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-N<
  10. Acetaldehyde
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-H
  11. Acetone
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH3
  12. Acetic acid
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-O-H
  13. Methyl acetate
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-O-CH3
  14. Acetamide
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-NH2
  15. Formaldehyde (expanded structure)
    • O
    • ||
    • H-C-H
    • Structure: HCHO
    • B.P. -21 C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 55
  16. Acetaldehyde (expanded structure)
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-H
    • B.P.= 21. C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O)
  17. Benzaldehyde
    A benzene ring with an aldehyde attached;

    • O
    • ||
    • Ring- C-H
  18. 3-Methylbutanal (expanded formula)
    • O O
    • | ||
    • CH3-CH-CH2-C-H
  19. Acetone (expanded formula)
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH3
    • (2-Propanone)
  20. Methyl ethyl ketone
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH2-CH3
    • (2-Butanone)
  21. 2-Pentanone
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH2-CH2-CH3
  22. Cyclohexanone
    A cyclohexane with attached double bond Oxygen.
  23. Propanol
    • CH3CH2CHO
    • BP. 49 dagree C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 16
  24. Butanal
    • CH3CH2CH2CHO
    • BP. 76 dagree C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 7
  25. Pentanal
    • CH3CH2CH2CH2CHO
    • BP. 103 dagree C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 1
  26. Carbonyl compound
    Any compound that contains a carbonyl group C=O.
  27. Carbonyl group
    A functional group that has a Carbon atom joined to an oxygen atom by a double bond.
  28. Aldehyde
    A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to at least one hydrogen, RCHO.
  29. Ketone
    A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons in organic groups that can be the same or different, R2C=O, RCOR'.
  30. Aldehyde
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-H
  31. Ketone
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-R
  32. Carboxylic acid
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-O-H
  33. Ester
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-O-R'
  34. Amide
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-N<
  35. Acetaldehyde
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-H
  36. Acetone
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH3
  37. Acetic acid
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-O-H
  38. Methyl acetate
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-O-CH3
  39. Acetamide
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-NH2
  40. Formaldehyde (expanded structure)
    • O
    • ||
    • H-C-H
    • Structure: HCHO
    • B.P. -21 C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 55
  41. Acetaldehyde (expanded structure)
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-H
    • B.P.= 21. C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O)
  42. Benzaldehyde
    A benzene ring with an aldehyde attached;

    • O
    • ||
    • Ring- C-H
  43. 3-Methylbutanal (expanded formula)
    • O O
    • | ||
    • CH3-CH-CH2-C-H
  44. Acetone (expanded formula)
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH3
    • (2-Propanone)
  45. Methyl ethyl ketone
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH2-CH3
    • (2-Butanone)
  46. 2-Pentanone
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH2-CH2-CH3
  47. Cyclohexanone
    A cyclohexane with attached double bond Oxygen.
  48. Propanol
    • CH3CH2CHO
    • BP. 49 dagree C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 16
  49. Butanal
    • CH3CH2CH2CHO
    • BP. 76 dagree C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 7
  50. Pentanal
    • CH3CH2CH2CH2CHO
    • BP. 103 dagree C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 1
  51. Carbonyl compound
    Any compound that contains a carbonyl group C=O.
  52. Carbonyl group
    A functional group that has a Carbon atom joined to an oxygen atom by a double bond.
  53. Aldehyde
    A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to at least one hydrogen, RCHO.
  54. Ketone
    A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons in organic groups that can be the same or different, R2C=O, RCOR'.
  55. Aldehyde
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-H
  56. Ketone
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-R
  57. Carboxylic acid
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-O-H
  58. Ester
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-O-R'
  59. Amide
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-N<
  60. Acetaldehyde
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-H
  61. Acetone
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH3
  62. Acetic acid
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-O-H
  63. Methyl acetate
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-O-CH3
  64. Acetamide
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-NH2
  65. Formaldehyde (expanded structure)
    • O
    • ||
    • H-C-H
    • Structure: HCHO
    • B.P. -21 C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 55
  66. Acetaldehyde (expanded structure)
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-H
    • B.P.= 21. C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = SOLUBLE
  67. Benzaldehyde
    A benzene ring with an aldehyde attached;

    • O
    • ||
    • Ring- C-H

    • BP. 178 dagree C
    • Water Solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 0.3
  68. 3-Methylbutanal (expanded formula)
    • O O
    • | ||
    • CH3-CH-CH2-C-H
  69. Acetone (expanded formula)
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH3
    • (2-Propanone)
  70. Methyl ethyl ketone
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH2-CH3
    • (2-Butanone)
  71. 2-Pentanone
    • O
    • ||
    • H3C-C-CH2-CH2-CH3
    • BP. 102 dagee C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 6
  72. Cyclohexanone
    • A cyclohexane with attached double bond Oxygen.
    • BP. 156 dagree C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 2
  73. 2-Butanone
    • CH3CH2COCH3
    • BP. 80 dagree C
    • Water solubility (g/100 ml H2O) = 26
  74. Addition reaction, aldehydes and ketones
    Addition of an alcohol or other compound to the carbon double bond to give a carbon-oxygen single bond.
  75. Hemiacetal
    A compound with both an alcohol-like -OH group and an ether-like -OR group bonded to the same carbon atom.
  76. Acetal
    A compound that has two ether-like -OR groups bonded to the same carbon atom.
  77. Hydrolysis
    A reaction in which a bond or bonds are broken and the H- and -OH of water add to the atoms of the broken bond or bonds.

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