Chem 5, College of the Desert.txt

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Mattyj1388
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33017
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Chem 5, College of the Desert.txt
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2011-06-23 18:20:10
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Chapter17 Chem5
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  1. Carboxylic acid
    A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to an -OH group, RCOOH.
  2. Ester
    A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to an -OR group, RCOOR'.
  3. Amide
    A compound that has a carbonyl group bonded to a nitrogen atom group, RCONR'2, where the R' groups may be alkyl groups or hydrogen atoms.
  4. Carbonyl-group substitution reaction
    A reaction in which a new group replaces (substitutes for) a group attached to a carbonyl-group carbon.
  5. Acyl group
    An RC=O group.
  6. Carboxyl group
    The -COOH functional group.
  7. HCOOH
    • Common name= Formic
    • MP.(C) = 8
    • BP.(C) = 101
  8. CH3COOH
    • Common name= Acetic
    • MP.(C) = 17
    • BP.(C) = 118
  9. CH3CH2COOH
    • Common name= Propionic
    • MP.(C) = -22
    • BP.(C) = 141
  10. CH3CH2CH2COOH
    • Common name= Butyric
    • MP.(C) = -4
    • BP.(C) = 163
  11. CH3CH2CH2CH2COOH
    • Common name = Valeric
    • MP.(C) = -34
    • BP.(C) = 185
  12. CH3(CH2)16COOH
    • Common name = Stearic
    • MP.(C) = 70
    • BP.(C) = 383
  13. HOOCCOOH
    • Common name = Oxalic
    • MP.(C) = 190
    • BP. Decomposes
  14. HOOCCH2COOH
    • Common name = Malonic
    • MP.(C) = 135
    • BP. = Decomposes
  15. HOOCCH2CH2COOH
    • Common name = Succinic
    • MP.(C) = 188
    • BP. = Decomposition
  16. HOOCCH2CH2CH2COOH
    • Common name = Glutaric
    • MP.(C) = 98
    • BP. = Decomposition
  17. H2C=CHCOOH
    • Common name = Acrylic
    • MP.(C) = 13
    • BP.(C) = 141
  18. CH3CH=CHCOOH
    • Common name = Crotonic
    • MP.(C) = 72
    • BP.(C) = 185
  19. Benzene ring -COOH
    • Common name = Benzoic
    • MP.(C) = 122
    • BP.(C) = 249
  20. OH-Benzene ring-COOH
    • Common name = Salicylic
    • MP.(C) = 159
    • BP.(C) = Decomposition
  21. Carboxylic anion
    The anion that results from ionization of a carboxylic acid, RCOO^-.
  22. Carboxylic acid salt
    An ionic compound containing a cation and a carboxylic acid anion.
  23. Esterification
    The reaction between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid to yield an ester plus water.
  24. Phosphate ester
    A compound formed by reaction of an alcohol with phosphoric acid, may be a monoester, ROPO3H2; a diester, (RO)2PO3H; or a triester, (RO)3PO; also my be a di- or triphosphate.

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