Chem 4, College of the Desert, Chapter 4.txt

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Mattyj1388
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33018
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Chem 4, College of the Desert, Chapter 4.txt
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2011-06-23 18:12:41
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Chapter4 Chem4
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  1. SO4-2
    Polyatomic Ion

    Sulfate
  2. HPO4-2
    Polyatomic Ion

    Hydrogen Phosphate
  3. PO4-3
    Polyatomic Ion

    Phosphate
  4. SiO2
    Silicon Dioxide
  5. N2O
    DiNitrogen Oxide
  6. SF6
    Sulfer HexaFloride
  7. SO3-2
    Polyatomic Ion

    Sulfite
  8. PO3-3
    Polyatomic Ion

    Phosphite
  9. SO2
    Sulfur Dioxide
  10. HCO3-
    • Hydrogen Carbonate
    • or (Bicarbonate)
  11. C2H3O2-
    Polyatomic Ion

    Acetate
  12. CO3-2
    Polyatomic Ion

    Carbonate
  13. NO3-
    Polyatomic Ion

    Nitrate
  14. H2PO4-
    Polyatomic Ion

    Dihydrogen Phosphate
  15. HSO3-
    Polyatomic Ion

    • Hydrogen Sulfite
    • or (Bisulfite)
  16. CS2
    Carbon Disulfide
  17. ClO3-
    Polyatomic Ion

    Clorate
  18. NH4+
    Polyatomic Ion

    Ammonium +
  19. OH-
    Polyatomic Ion

    Hydroxide
  20. NO
    Nitrogen Oxide
  21. CN-
    Polyatomic Ion

    Cyanide
  22. HSO4-
    • Hydrogen Sulfate
    • or (Bisulfate)
  23. CO2
    Carbon Dioxide
  24. ClO2-
    Polyatomic Ion

    Chlorite
  25. NO2-
    Polyatomic Ion

    Nitrite
  26. Thiols
    End in "sh"

    • SH
    • |
    • ie: CH3-CH-CH3
    • (2 propane thiol)
  27. Acid Hydrolysis of Esters
    • Ester + water <=> carboxylic Acid + Alcohol
    • O
    • ||
    • ie; CH3-C-O-CH3 + HOH
    • O
    • ||
    • <=> CH3-OH+ CH3-C-OH

    (methyl ethemoat + water <=> ethanoic acid + acitic acid
  28. Base Hydrolysis of Ester
    • Ester + Base -> Carboxylate salt + alcohol
    • O
    • ||. (salt/ion)
    • CH3-C-O-CH3 +NaOH ----->
    • O
    • ||
    • CH3-C-O- Na+. + CH3-OH
  29. Fermaldehyde
    ie: industries make insulatingmaterials, carpeting, polymers, etc.
  30. Aromatic Compounds
    • Benzene ring
    • Phenol (week acid)(OH)
    • Aniline (primary amine)(NH2)
    • Toulene (CH3)
  31. Electronegativity Differeces
    • 0.0 --> 0.4 = non-polar covalent
    • 0.5 --> 1.7 = polar covalent
    • 1.8 --> Up = Ionic
    • ----------->
    • ^
    • |
    • |
    • Increasing on chart

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