HTN E1

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  1. What are some causes of secondary HTN?
    • cirrhosis 
    • pregnancy
    • renal disease
    • sleep apnea
    • thyroid and other endocrine
    • structural defects of the heart
  2. List the levels of BP of stage 1-3 HTN
    • Stage 1: 140-159 / 90-99
    • Stage 2: 160-179 / 100-109
    • Stage 3: 180        / 110
  3. List examples of the DASH diet
    • Sodium restriction
    • ETOH consumption reduced
    • Decreased red meat
    • Low sugar in all forms
  4. What is a common side effect of ACE inhibitors? What is the next drug of choice?
    • Cough
    • Next drug of choice: ARB (Losartan(Cozaar))
  5. What are categories of drugs that reduce BP?
    • Diuretics
    • Adrenergic Inhibitors
    • Vasodilators
    • Angiotensin Inhibitors
    • Calcium Channel Blockers
  6. T or F: selective beta blockers have a serious side effect with people with asthma
    False: non-selective
  7. Which selective beta blockers that are safe to use with people with asthma/COPD
    Atenolol and Metropolol
  8. T or F: Sympatholitics (Beta blockers) are contraindicated in people with impaired liver function
    True
  9. African Americans don't do well with this type of antihypertensive.
    ACE inhibitors
  10. Which antihypertensive is contraindicated when someone is taking a loop diuretic. Why?
    ACE inhibitors: it has a s/e of hyperkalemia
  11. ACE drugs usually end with _____.
    -pril
  12. What are preload reducers?
    • Diuretics
    • Venous Dilators: NTG, ACE 1, ARB, morphine
  13. What are afterload reducers?
    • Arterial Dilators: Ca Channel blockers
    •  - antihypertensives
    •  - Ace I and ARBs

Card Set Information

Author:
edeleon
ID:
330188
Filename:
HTN E1
Updated:
2017-04-07 03:48:17
Tags:
HTN nursing
Folders:
Med surge exam 1
Description:
Lecture notes
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