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What are some causes of secondary HTN?
- renal disease
- sleep apnea
- thyroid and other endocrine
- structural defects of the heart
List the levels of BP of stage 1-3 HTN
- Stage 1: 140-159 / 90-99
- Stage 2: 160-179 / 100-109
- Stage 3: 180 / 110
List examples of the DASH diet
- Sodium restriction
- ETOH consumption reduced
- Decreased red meat
- Low sugar in all forms
What is a common side effect of ACE inhibitors? What is the next drug of choice?
- Next drug of choice: ARB (Losartan(Cozaar))
What are categories of drugs that reduce BP?
- Adrenergic Inhibitors
- Angiotensin Inhibitors
- Calcium Channel Blockers
T or F: selective beta blockers have a serious side effect with people with asthma
Which selective beta blockers that are safe to use with people with asthma/COPD
Atenolol and Metropolol
T or F: Sympatholitics (Beta blockers) are contraindicated in people with impaired liver function
African Americans don't do well with this type of antihypertensive.
Which antihypertensive is contraindicated when someone is taking a loop diuretic. Why?
ACE inhibitors: it has a s/e of hyperkalemia
ACE drugs usually end with _____.
What are preload reducers?
- Venous Dilators: NTG, ACE 1, ARB, morphine
What are afterload reducers?
- Arterial Dilators: Ca Channel blockers
- - antihypertensives
- - Ace I and ARBs