Nonverbal Messages

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  1. Principles of Nonverbal Communication
    5.1 Explain the principles that identify the ways in which nonverbal communication functions.
  2. Nonverbal messages interact with Verbal Messages
    Nonverbal messages often interact with Verbal Messages to accent, complement, contradict, regulate, repeat, or substitute.
  3. Nonverbal messages help Manage Impressions
    Nonverbal messages help manage impressions. We present nonverbally to give people the desired impression.
  4. Nonverbal messages help form Relationships
    Nonverbal messages can also help form Relationships.
  5. Nonverbal messages Structure Conversation
    Nonverbal Messages Structure Conversation.
  6. Nonverbal messages can Influence and Deceive
    Nonverbal messages can also Influence and Deceive.
  7. Nonverbal messages are Crucial for Expressing Emotions
    Nonverbal messages are crucial for expressing emotions.
  8. The Channels of Nonverbal Communications
    5.2 Describe the channels of nonverbal messages and give examples of messages in each channel.
  9. Body communication
    Body messages are communicated through gestures and appearance. Body gestures are classified into five categories: Emblems (which rather directly translate words or phrases); Illustrators (which accompany and literally "illustrate" Verbal Messages); Affect Displays ( which communicate emotional meaning); Regulators (which communicate emotional meaning); Regulars (which coordinate, monitor, maintain, or control the speaking of another individual); and Adaptors (which usually are unconscious and serve some kind of need, as in scratching an itch). Body appearance (for example, height and general attractiveness) also communicates a variety of messages.
  10. Facial Communication
    Facial movements may communicate a variety of emotions. The most frequently studied are happiness, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, and disgust/contempt. Facial management techniques enable you to control your facial expressions of emotions. The facial feedback hypothesis claims that facial display of an emotion can lead to physiological and psychological changes.
  11. Eye Communication
    Eye movements may seek feedback, invite others to speak, signal the nature of a relationship, or compensate for physical distance.
  12. Spatial Communication
    The study of proxemics investigates the communicative functions of space and spatial relationships. Four major proxemic distances are : (1) intimate distance, ranging from actual touching to 18 inches; (2) personal distance, ranging from 18 inches to 4 feet; (3) social distance, ranging from 4 to 12 feet; and (4) public distance, ranging from 12 to 25 or more feet. Your treatment of space is influenced by such factors such as status, culture, context, subject matter, sex, age, and positive or negative evaluation of the other person. Territoriality involves people's possessive reactions to particular spaces or objects.
  13. Artifactual Communication
    Artifactual Communication consists of messages conveyed by objects or arrangements created by humans; for example, by the use of color, clothing, body adornment, space decoration, and scents.
  14. Touch Communication
    Touch communication, or haptics , may communicate a variety of meanings, the most important being positive affect, playfulness, control, ritual, and task -relatedness. Touch avoidance is the desire to avoid touching and being touched by others.
  15. Paralanguage and silence
    Paralanguage and silence have to do with the vocal ( or, in the case of silence, its absence) but nonverbal dimension of speech. It includes rate, pitch, volume, resonance, and vocal quality as well as pauses and hesitations. Based on paralanguage, we make judgements about people, sense conversational turns, and assess believability. Silence communicates a variety of meanings, from anger, (as in the "silent treatment") to deep emotional responses.
  16. Temporal Communication
    Time communication, or chronemics, consists of messages communicated by our treatment of time.
  17. Cultural Time
    Cultural variations in nonverbal communication are great. Different cultures, for example, assign different meanings to gestures, facial expressions, and colors; have different spatial rules: and treat time very differently.
  18. Nonverbal Communication Competence
    5.3 Paraphrase the guidelines for improving your skills in decoding and encoding nonverbal messages.
  19. Decoding Skills
    Decoding skills (being conscious of the several channels sending messages in a cultural context) will enable you to more effectively understand the meanings being communicated with nonverbal messages.
  20. Encoding Skills
    Encoding Skills (maintaining eye contact, avoiding intrusive touching) will enable you to communicate more effectively with nonverbal messages.
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Nonverbal Messages
2017-04-17 17:56:01

Chapter 5: Nonverbal messages
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