lecture #11

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  1. sexism
    negative attitudes, prejudice, or discrimination directed toward someone on the basis of their gender
  2. hostile sexism (HS)
    antipathy towards women who are viewed as taking men's power
  3. benevolent sexism (BS)
    chivalrous ideology offering protection and affection to women who embrace conventional roles
  4. benevolent sexism includes three subcomponents
    • protective paternalism
    • complementary gender differentiation¬†
    • heterosexual intimacy
  5. ambivalent sexism
    to describe the phenomenon of simultaneously holding hostile and benevolent sexist beliefs- the two constructs subjectively entail opposite evaluative feelings tones towards women
  6. pacifying nature
    benevolent sexism is proposed to undermine women's engagement in collective action
  7. oppressive nature
    hostile sexism can promote women's direct action to reduce systematic gender inequality
  8. most social psychological theories of collective action describe two forms of action that members of disadvantaged groups can take in response to their subordinate social position:
    • individual/social mobility
    • collective action
  9. individual/social mobility
    actions designed to improve one's own person position or treatment and involves actually moving out of or psychologically distancing oneself from the disadvantaged in-group
  10. collective action
    behaviors on behalf of the in-group that are directed at improving the conditions of the entire group
  11. mental intrusions
    such as unwanted thoughts related to self-doubts, anxiety, preoccupation, or threatened sense of competence, which should impair women's working memory capacity and decease their performance
  12. exposure to benevolent sexism would predict the following:
    • men's preference to provide women with dependency-orientated help rather than tools for autonomous coping
    • women's preference to seek dependency-oriented help rather than tools for autonomous coping
  13. dominative racism
    is the 'type who acts out bigoted beliefs- he represents the open flame of racial hatred'
  14. aversive racism
    sympathize with victims of past injustice, support principles of racial equality, and genuinely regard themselves as non-prejudiced, but at the same time possess conflicting, often non-conscious, negative feelings and beliefs about blacks that are rooted in a basic psychological process that promotes racial bias
  15. peason et al. (2009) illustrate aversive racism research in three different areas:
    • helping behaviour
    • selection decisions in employment and university admissions
    • legal decisions
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lecture #11
2017-04-19 20:35:04
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