List techniques used to prepare a client physically and psychologically before and during an examination.
• For an examination, proper preparation of infection control, environment, equipment, and physical preparation of a client is the key to success. Under infection control, you need to wear gloves, gown, and other personal protective equipment, and follow hand hygiene policies. With the environment, privacy is required with a well-equipped room like good lighting, soundproof, warm for comfort, help off the table, give a pillow, raise head of table about 30 degrees, and raise bed to make easy to examine. For equipment, check for proper function, keep it available, in order, warm, rub stethoscope before applying to skin, run warm water over the vaginal speculum, if tools require batteries or light bulbs make sure they work good. Finally, prepare client by asking if they need to use the bathroom, collect urine or specimen while going to the bathroom. Also make sure the client is dressed and draped properly and give privacy when undressing and make sure the client stays warm and routinely ask if the client is comfortable. If you need to examine in a different position, explain them the position and adjust the drapes so no body parts are exposed. Constantly, explain terms and purpose and for them to ask questions when they don’t understand. If client is of opposite gender, have a third party in the room of that gender to make them comfortable.