Language Dev. Quiz

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adebres
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33084
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Language Dev. Quiz
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2010-09-12 18:11:13
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everything for the first Language Dev. Quiz
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  1. Articulation Points
  2. Moveable parts of the mouth
    lips, lower jaw, velum, and tongue
  3. Unmoveable parts of the mouth
    upper teeth, jaw and roof of mouth
  4. point of articulation
    Where two parts meet, or where moveable positions itself to the unmoveable
  5. Manners
    how the air flows through the mouth or nasal passages according to their points of articulation in order to produce each sound
  6. Bilabials
    Lips pressed together
  7. Stops
    a manner in which the air flow stops and is released quickly
  8. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    P
    as in Pat and B as in Bat
    Bilabial stops
  9. Nasals
    the manner in which the air flows through the nose
  10. What is the point of articulation and manner for
    M as in Mat
    Bilabial Nasal
  11. Interdentals
    the tongue between the teeth
  12. Fricatives
    The manner in which the air flow hisses or buzzes through the mouth
  13. What is the point of articulation and manner for
    TH as in Thing and TH as in Then
    Interdental Fricative
  14. Labio-Dentals
    Top teeth and bottom lip
  15. What is the point of articulation and manner for
    F as in Fat and V as in Vat
    Labio-dental Fricatives
  16. Alveolar
    The tip of your tongue is on the roof of the mouth behind the upper teeth (also known as the Alveolar region)
  17. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    T as in To and D as in Do
    Alveolar Stop
  18. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    S as in Sue and Z as in Zoo
    Alveolar Fricative
  19. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    N as in New
    Alveolar Nasal
  20. Lateral
    The manner of air flow is around both sides of the tongue
  21. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    L as in Lou
    Alveolar Lateral
  22. Alveopalatals
    the region right behind the Alveolar region
  23. Affricate
    A stoppage of air flow followed by a quick release of air through a narrowed passage producing a chirping-hissing noise in the pronunciation.
  24. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    SH as in Shout and ZH as in Azure
    Alveopalatal Fricative
  25. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    CH as in Chip and J as in Jelly
    Alveopalatal Affricate
  26. Palatals
    the tongue makes a U shape with the tip almost touching the palatal region in the roof of the mouth
  27. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    R as in Red
    Palatal Lateral
  28. Velar
    when the tongue touches the velar region on the roof of the mouth
  29. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    K as in Kate and G as in Gate
    Velar Stop
  30. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    NG as in Sing
    Velar Nasal
  31. Glottals
    the region in the throat, the opening of the vocal cords.
  32. what is the point of articulation and manner for
    H as in Horn
    Glottal Fricative
  33. Consonant Digraph
    two letters representing pne phoneme
  34. \What are the Consonate Digraphs
    CH as in Church, SH as in Shout, TH as in Than, TH as in Thin, NG as in Sang, WH as in When
  35. Glided
    Long Vowel Sounds
  36. Unglided
    Short Vowel Sounds
  37. Short Vowels
    • A as in Cat
    • E as in Net
    • I as in Pig
    • O as in Dog
    • U as in Bus
  38. Long Vowels
    • A as in Game
    • E as in Bee
    • I as in Fire
    • O as in Rose
    • U as in Ruler
  39. Vowel Manner #1
    • The Tongue Position
    • The position of the tongue can be 1) in the front of the mouth 2) in the central location of the mouth 3) in the back of the mouth
  40. Vowel Manner #2
    • Height of the Tongue
    • can be High, Mid, Low
    • combined with front, center, back
    • Gives you:
    • High, mid, low frontals
    • High, mid, low centrals &
    • High, mid, low backs
  41. Vowel Manner #3
    • Lip Shape
    • -Spread (a as in apple)
    • -unrounded (o as in not)
    • -rounded (oo as in book)
  42. High Front Vowel Lips spread
    Short i
  43. High Central Vowel Lips unrounded
    Schua
  44. High Back Vowel Lips rounded
    oo
  45. Middle Front Vowel Lips Spread
    Short e
  46. Middle Central Vowel Lips Unrounded
    Short u
  47. Middle Back Vowel Lips Rounded
    Long o
  48. Low Front Vowel Lips Spread
    Short a
  49. Low Central Vowel Lips Unrounded
    Short o
  50. Low Back Vowel Lips rounded
    ou / au / aw
  51. Diphtong or glided phoneme
    may be pronounced by: 1) Combining two letters 2) Combining sounds 3) Combining one vowel plus an r, w, or y
  52. Semivowels (define)
    in the consonate sound the air passage (nasal or mouth) is so narrowed by articulators. in the production of a vowel sound, there is an unresitricted passage for the manner of air flow through the mouth. A semivowel is produced like a vowel with no audible friction, or stoppage of air flow, but semivowels generally are utilized as consonates, that is, they are never the center of the syllable.
  53. Suprasegmentals
    • -Pitch
    • -Stress
    • -Terminal Contours
    • -Plus Juncture
  54. Stress
    Stess markings in a word indicate which syllables are heavily emphasized, which are equal in emphasis, which are lesser emphasized and those tha are not emphasized at all.
  55. Primary Stress
    • The first and most pronounced stress mark. Shown | ` |
    • Put on the most energy of articulation put into the pronounciation which makes that syllable louder than other syllables
  56. Secondary Stress
    The syllable that is pronounced not quite as loudly as the primary stressed syllable. Marked with | ^ |
  57. Weak Stress
    The Syllable has little to no emphasis and is marked with | u | over the syllable
  58. Plus Juncture
    Also known as Open jucture. A plus juncture is the space between words. Such as White House and Whitehouse. Marked with a | + | such as white+house
  59. Pitch
    Pitch or Intonation level is heavily influenced by the meaning of the segments or phonemes pronounced. The LOWEST is indicated with a (1) which is almost a whisper. The normal pitch is a (2). A high tone is a (3) and a level (4) is very High (often surprise or extream excitement)
  60. Terminal Contours
    Give the sentence meaning through voice pitch at the end of the sentence (for example when asking a question).
  61. with an arrow slanting downward at the end of the sentence
    this indicates a low pitch. |James studies hard.|
  62. with a horizontal arrow at the end of the sentence
    implies that something is left unsaid |"So, he wasn't lying..."|
  63. with and arrow slanting upward at the end of the sentence
    • this indicates a high pitch usually a questions or an
    • exclamatory sentence. |Are you going to the movies?|

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