Biochem

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  1. Non-polar, non-aromatic
    • Glycine
    • Alanine
    • Valine
    • Leucine
    • Isoleucine
    • Methionone
    • Proline
  2. Aromatic
    • Typtophan
    • Phenylalanine
    • Tyrosine
  3. Polar
    • Serine
    • Treonine
    • Asparagine
    • Gutamine
    • Cysteine
  4. Negatively charged (acidic)
    • aspartic acid
    • glutamic acid
  5. Positively charged (basic)
    • Lysine
    • Arginine
    • Histidine
  6. Amino Acids are Amphoteric
    • Low pH: protonated
    • Neutral pH: zwitterion¬†
    • High pH: deprotonated
  7. Ligases
    Join large molecules together, often same type
  8. Isomerases
    Catalyze interconversion of isomers
  9. Lyases
    Catalyze cleavage without addition of water and without transfer of electrons. Reverse is synthesis.
  10. Hydrolases
    Catalyze cleavage with addition of water
  11. Oxidoreductases
    Catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions
  12. Transferases
    Move functional groups between molecules
  13. Competitive Binding
    • Active site
    • Increases Km
    • No change Vmax
  14. Noncompetitive Binding
    • Allosteric site
    • No change in Km
    • Decrease Vmax
  15. Mixed Binding
    • Allosteric site
    • Increase or Decrease Km
    • Decrease Vmax
  16. Uncompetitive Binding
    • Allosteric site
    • Decreases Km
    • Decreases Vmax
  17. Purines (larger)
    Adenine and Guanine
  18. Pyrimidines (smaller)
    • Cytosine
    • Uracil
    • Thymine
  19. Unwinding DNA double helix
    Helicase
  20. Synthesis of RNA primers
    Primase
  21. Synthesis of DNA
    • DNA Polym 3 (prokaryotes)
    • DNA polymerase
  22. Removal of RNA primers
    • DNA polymerase 1 (prokaryotes)
    • RNase H (eukaryotes)
  23. Replacement of RNA with DNA
    • DNA polymerase 1 (prokaryotes)
    • DNA polym (euk)
  24. Joining Okazaki fragments
    DNA ligase
  25. Synthesis of telomeres
    Telomerase (euks only)

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
331062
Filename:
Biochem
Updated:
2017-05-03 01:20:16
Tags:
Amino
Folders:

Description:
Amino Acids
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