Functional Groups

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
33117
Filename:
Functional Groups
Updated:
2010-09-06 23:31:14
Tags:
organic chemistry
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Description:
Alkyl = alkane missing an H Aryl = derived from benzene/simple aromatic ring
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  1. Alkane
    R-H

    (R = alkyl)
  2. Alkene
    RC=CR

    (R = alkyl, aryl, H)
  3. Alkyne
    R-C≡C-R

    (R = alkyl, aryl, H)
  4. Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    benzene
  5. Alkyl halide
    R-X

    • (R = alkyl
    • X = halogen)
  6. Alcohol
    R-OH

    (R = alkyl)
  7. Phenol
    R-OH

    (R = aryl)
  8. Ether
    • R-O-R
    • (R = alkyl, aryl)
  9. Amine
    RNH2, R2NH, R3N

    (R = alkyl, aryl)
  10. Aldehyde
    R-CH=O

    (R = alkyl, aryl, H)
  11. Ketone
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-R

    (R = alkyl, aryl)
  12. Carboxylic acid
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-OH

    (R = alkyl, aryl, H)
  13. Ester
    • O
    • ||
    • R'-C-O-R

    (R = alkyl, aryl)
  14. Amide
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-NR2
    • (R =alkyl, aryl, H)
  15. Anhydride
    • O O
    • || ||
    • R-C-O-C-R

    (R = alkyl, aryl, H)
  16. Acid chloride
    • O
    • ||
    • R-C-Cl

    (R = alkyl, aryl, H)
  17. Nitrile
    R-C≡N

    (R = alkyl, aryl)

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