Comps Study Set: Medieval

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  1. Compare Plotinus' and Augustine's conceptions of time.
  2. How does Augustine's concept of time relate to his journey in the Confessions?
  3. Talk about the Pear Tree. What do the pears signify for Augustine?
  4. What is memory for Augustine? Does memory only serve the purpose of being a storehouse for things?
  5. What religious group did Augustine belong to before his conversion? What did they offer?
    The Manichees, they offered a materialistic dual conception of good and evil, which purported to be more scientific and could explain the problem of evil. It also absolved one of guilt, because the theory was that there were two equal material forces battling it out within you, one good and one evil, and that whatever sin you committed you could blame on that evil matter and say “It wasn’t me.” It offered a way out of responsibility.
  6. Why is the Confessions important?
  7. Why was Platonism important, in the Confessions?
    It was an important step on the way from Manichaeism to Catholicism. It helped him to begin to conceive of things as immaterial rather than as bodies. He says later in the book that if it weren’t for him finding philosophy and Catholicism in the order he had he may never have left the Manicheans.
  8. Why is Book 11 part of the Confessions? 
  9. What led Augustine to depart from the Manichean faith?
  10. When is Augustine converted? How?
  11. What is Augustine’s concern with sexuality?
  12. What led Augustine to depart from the Manichean faith?
  13. What were some fundamental philosophical beliefs that Augustine ultimately embraced in rebellion against the Manicheans?
  14. What struck you about the presentation of the Confessions?
  15. What is the role of friendships, in the Confessions?
  16. How is Augustine different from Aristotle on how to live virtuously?
  17. What is time for Augustine?
  18. What is the role of memory, for Augustine?
  19. What was Aquinas’ reasoning for seeking a science of divine study above philosophy?
  20. How are the soul and body united for Aquinas?
  21. How does Aquinas show that a soul is not a body?
  22. Is God’s existence demonstrable, for Aquinas?
  23. Is God’s existence self-evident for Aquinas (think of him trying to account for the unbelievers)?
  24. What are the 5 ways? Which is the most convincing? Discuss the empirical approach and how it differs from those who account for God’s existence without going into empirical natural surroundings.
  25. What is law, for Aquinas?
  26. What are the 4 kinds of law for Aquinas?
  27. What is the role of the will in command of law, in the Summa?
  28. What does "Ordinance of Reason" mean, in the Summa?
  29. Why must laws be promulgated, for Aquinas?
  30. In Aquinas' conception of law, who has care of the community?
  31. If men have individual ends, what is the good of the community? Why? (Summa)
  32. How does human law relate to natural law? (two ways) (Summa)
  33. What is Aquinas’ theory of abstraction? (remember that for him we do not know the forms, but know through them)
  34. Why is the doctrine of simplicity important, and does it show up in the five ways? (Summa)
  35. What is an ordinance? What is a command? Does it involve theoretical reason? Practical reason? (Summa)
  36. How could the Consolation be considered a Socratic work?
  37. Compare Boethius' proof of God with Descartes. Why doesn’t he make a subjective turn?
  38. What is Boethius' concept of eternity? How does it relate to the problem of evil?
  39. How are eternal and perpetual different for Boethius in the Consolation?
  40. How does Boethius reconcile God’s foreknowledge and our free will? What image does he use to describe this?
  41. How does philosophy console Boethius? Is philosophy really a consolation?
  42. Why does Aquinas need to prove the existence of God? With regard to proving God’s existence, what is the point of Aquinas’ departure? How does he differ from those who do not attempt to account for God’s existence by going to the empirical nature of surrounding world?
  43. Why is Boethius satisfied with lady Philosophy’s proof of God? How is this “objective proof” different from Descartes’, for instance? Why doesn’t Boethius need to make a subjective turn?
  44. What is the basic definition of law that Aquinas gives? What does he say about the role of the will in the command of the law? Or does Aquinas’ understanding of law have to do more with reason?
  45. What is Boethius’ conception of eternity, and how does it relate to the problem of evil?
  46. How does Aquinas show that the soul is not a body?
  47. How does Boethius define "eternity"? How are "eternal" and "perpetual" different for him?
  48. Where do we see the “doctrine” of recollection in Augustine? What examples does he give?
  49. How are the soul and body united in Aquinas?
  50. What is Aquinas’ theory of abstraction? What does Aquinas say about the forms? (for this question, remember that for Aquinas we do not know the forms, but we know through them)
  51. What is the basic definition of law that Aquinas gives? What does he say about the role of the will in the command of the law? Or does Aquinas’ understanding of law have to do more with reason?
  52. What is an ordinance, for Aquinas? Is it a command? Does it involve theoretical reason? Practical reason?

Card Set Information

Author:
stacyb
ID:
331493
Filename:
Comps Study Set: Medieval
Updated:
2017-05-18 19:25:49
Tags:
philosophy medieval aquinas augustine
Folders:
philosophy
Description:
Comprehensive oral exam for Master's degree
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