CH. 1 Intro to Biology

Home > Preview

The flashcards below were created by user fanofadidas on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. All members o all species in a certain area is a(an) ___.
    a. ecosystem
    b. biosphere
    c. community
    d. population
    e. family
    Community
  2. What do Histologists study?
    a. cells
    b. organs
    c. tissues
    d. plants
    e. history
    tissues
  3. What form of reproduction are offspring identical to each other and to the parent?
    a. sexual
    b. asexual
    c. homozygous
    d. mitosis
    e. heterozygous
    asexual
  4. The prefix bio- refers to?
    a. life
    b. study of
    c. Earth
    d. tissues
    e. heat
    life
  5. Organs are two or more ___ coming together to perform a function.
    a. organs
    b. cells
    c. atoms
    d. macromeolecules
    e. tissues
    tissues
  6. Biochemists often study what level of biological organization?
    a. tissues
    b. cells
    c. organisms
    d. macromolecules
    e. organs
    macromolecules
  7. What is the smallest unit of life?
    a. atoms
    b. DNA
    c. molecules
    d. elements
    e. cells
    cells
  8. What is the study of cells called?
    a. Histology
    b. Mycology
    c. Cytology
    d. Cellology
    e. Bacteriology
    Cytology
  9. Species that use light energy are called?
    a. chemotrophs
    b. phototrophs
    c. heterotrophs
    d. lithotrophs
    e. unitrophs
    phototrophs
  10. Botany is the study of?
    a. plants
    b. bacteria
    c. muscles
    d. mammals
    e. ligaments
    plants
  11. Which of the following statements is false?
    a. Tissues exist within organs which exist within organ systems.
    b. Communities exist within populations which exist within ecosystems.
    c. Organelles exist within cells which exist within tissues.
    d. Communities exist within ecosystems which exist in the biosphere.
    Communities exist within populations which exist within ecosystems.
  12. Using examples, explain how biology can be studied from a microscopic approach to a global approach.
    Researchers can approach biology from the smallest to the largest, and everything in between. For instance, an ecologist may study a population of individuals, the population’s community, the community’s ecosystem, and the ecosystem’s part in the biosphere. When studying an individual organism, a biologist could examine the cell and its organelles, the tissues that the cells make up, the organs and their respective organ systems, and the sum total -- the organism itself.
  13. Which of the following sequences represents the hierarchy of biological organization from the most complex to the east complex level?
    a. Organelle, tissue, biosphere, ecosystem, population
    b. Organism, organ, tissue, organelle, molecule
    c. Organism, community, biosphere, molecule, tissue, organ
    d. Biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organism
    Biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organism
  14. A suggested and testable explanation for an event is called a _____.
    a. Hypothesis
    b. Variable
    c. Theory
    d. Control
    Hypothesis
  15. The smallest unit of biological structure that meets the functional requirements of “living” is the ______.
    a. Organ
    b. Organelle
    c. Cell
    d. Macromolecule
    Cell
  16. The type of logical thinking that uses related observations to arrive at a general conclusion is called _____.
    a. Deductive reasoning
    b. The scientific method
    c. Hypothesis-based science
    d. Inductive reasoning
    Inductive reasoning
  17. A suggested and testable explanation for an event is called a ___.
    a. Hypothesis
    b. Variable
    c. Theory
    d. Control
    Hypothesis
  18. The presence of a membrane-enclosed nucleus is a characteristic of ___.
    a. Prokaryotic cells
    b. Eukaryotic cells
    c. Living organisms
    d. Bacteria
    eukaryotic cells
  19. Viruses are not considered living because they ___.
    a. are not made of cells
    b. lack cell nuclei
    c. do not contain DNA or RNA
    d. cannot reproduce
    are not made of cells
  20. Where in a phylogenetic tree would you expect to find the organism that had evolved most recently?
    a. at the base
    b. within the branches
    c. at the nodes
    d. at the branch tips
    at the branch tips
  21. The type of logical thinking that uses related observations to arrive at a general conclusions is called ___.
    a. deductive reasoning
    b. the scientific method
    c. hypothesis-based science
    d. inductive reasoning
    inductive reasoning
  22. Which of the following sciences is not considered a natural science?
    a. biology
    b. astronomy
    c. physics
    d. computer science
    computer science
  23. A person notices that her houseplants that are regularly exposed to music seem to grow more quickly than those in rooms with no music. As a result, she determines that plants grow better when exposed to music. This example most closely resembles which type of reasoning?
    a. Inductive reasoning
    b. Deductive reasoning
    c. Neither, because no hypothesis was made
    d. Both inductive and deductive reasoning
    inductive reasoning
  24. The smallest unit of biological structure that meets the functional requirements of "living" is the ___.
    a. organ
    b. organelle
    c. cell
    d. macromolecule
    cell
  25. The process of ___ helps to ensure that a scientist’s research is original, significant, logical, and thorough.
    a. Publication
    b. Public speaking
    c. Peer review
    d. The scientific method
    peer review
  26. The first forms of life on Earth were ___.
    a. Plants
    b. Microorganisms
    c. Birds
    d. Dinosaurs
    microorganisms
  27. Which of the following sequences represents the hierarchy of biological organization from the most inclusive to the least complex level? Choose the highest level answer that applies.
    a. Organelle, tissue, biosphere, ecosystem, population
    b. organism , organ, tissue, organelle, molecule
    c. Organism, community, biosphere, molecule, tissues, organ
    d. Biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organism
    Biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organism
  28. A group of individuals of the same species living in the same area is called a(n) ___.
    a. Family
    b. Community
    c. Population
    d. Ecosystem
    population

Card Set Information

Author:
fanofadidas
ID:
331540
Filename:
CH. 1 Intro to Biology
Updated:
2017-05-16 12:56:23
Tags:
biology
Folders:
Biology 1
Description:
CH. 1
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview