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Who wrote the Scarlet Letter?
Who is Hester Prynne?
Main character in The Scarlet Letter, mother of Pearl, wife of Chillingworth, wears the letter 'A', adulteress, seamstress, fell in love with Rev. Dimmesdale
Who is Pearl?
Hester's treasure, daughter of Hester, result of adultery, letter 'A' in person
Who is Rev. Arthur Dimmesdale?
Minister of the town, Pearl's father, adulter
Who is Roger Chillingworth?
Hester's husband, doctor, wants revenge on Dimmesdale
Who is Rev. John Wilson?
Another pastor of the town, almost sees Dimmesdale at night when he is standing on the scaffold
Who is Gov. Bellingham?
Threatens to take Pearl from Hester, lives in a fancy house
Who is Mistress Hibbins?
The Governors sister, killed for witchcraft, visits the Black Man
Who is the Black Man?
Lives in forest, the devil, has a book signed by many
Who does the prison door symbolize?
The closed door on Hester's life.
Who does the letter 'A' symbolize?
Show that Hester committed adultery. Later symbolizes that she is able.
Who does the rose bush symbolize?
The joy, hope, and beauty that came from a sin.
What does Pearl symbolize?
The scarlet letter in person
Why are the three scaffold scenes so important to the story? Describe what happens in each of the scenes and explain why the events were so important to the story.
- 1st scene-Dimmesdale has to question Hester and ask who the father of the child is. Hester is also humiliated in front of the whole town.
- 2nd scene- Dimmesdale stands on the scaffold at night when no one can see him and holds hands with Hester and Pearl.
- 3rd scene- Dimmesdale confesses his sin in front of the whole town and died.
- These events are important to the story because it showed how Dimmesdale got closer and closer to confession over time.
What are significant American and world events that happened during the Age of Realism?
- American civil war
- Charles Darwin introducing the theory of evolution
- Women getting the right to vote in Wyoming and Utah.
Who are some European authors from the Realistic era?
- Leo Tolstoy
- Thomas Hardy
- Alfred, Lord Tennyson
What are some discoveries/inventions of this time period?
- Rabies vaccination
- Model T
What were some Civil War issues and how did they relate to literature and attitudes of the day?
- Authors wrote about the hardships they had but disguised it with other characters.
- Occurred in real life
- Wright with facts and reality
What was the industrial revolution and how did it impact society?
- It enhanced American life and made it more modern.
- Electric light, telephone, and automobile
- Motion picture, phonograph
What were some advancements in American transportation and how did it affect literature?
- The Model T invented by Henry Ford
- Transporting literature became easier
- Authors and publishers could communicate better
Who was Ambrose Beirce?
- He was known as "Bitter Beirce"
- His writing and philosophy was shaped buy his service in the Civil War
- Was raised in poverty
- Viewed the world with cynicism and pessimism
- Wrote the Devil's Dictionary and An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
- His marriage ended in a divorce
- Both of his sons died early
- Moved to Mexico to fight in Civil War-fate unknown
Who was Abraham Lincoln?
- Served as president of US during one of the most tragic eras
- Fought to reunite the states
- A champion of emancipation
- Came from humble origins
- Known as a gifted speaker and writer
- Wrote The Gettysburg Address and Second InaugurationUsed parallelism in his speaches
Why is it important to use parallelism in sentences?
- It sounds smoother
- More memorable
Who was Mark Twain?
- Regarded as one of the greatest American Authors
- Grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, by the Mississippi River
- Father died when he was 11
- He quit school and became a printer's apprentice
- Wrote The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County and Life on the MississippiRepresented unique American dialogue within his work
Who was Jack London?
- Endured many hardships in his early life
- Sruggles caused him to be sympathetic for the working class. It also inspirted him to become a writer.
- Grew up in San Francisco in extreme poverty
- Quit school early and supported himself by working at a variety of jobs.
- Loved to read and found time to do it often.
- Traveled to Alaska in 1897 in search of gold
- There he realized humankind's inability to control the forces of nature
- Wrote The Call of the Wild, To Build a Fire, White Fang
What were the years of the Modernism era?
What catastrophe occurred in 1929?
Stock market crash
the 1930's is called what?
The Great Depression
What were the 1930's a decade of?
When did WWII begin?
What did all the events during the Modernism era have an effect on?
Writer's and literature
What was transforming life during the Modernism era?
New inventions and modern conviences
What did people not follow in the Modernism era?
What new things were people searching for in the Modernism era?
Beliefs, values, and ways of looking at life
What is Modernism?
A movement in literature that represented a break with literary traditions.
Who were Modernist leaders?
T.S. Eliot and Ezra Pound
The Modernists leaders' literature avoided providing directly stated what?
- Instead it was left up to the readers to draw their own conclusions.
How did Modernists write?
In a much less expected way
Who was T.S. Eliot?
- used imagism
- wont the nobell prize in 1927
Who was Ezra Pound?
- Associated with imagism
- Poetry filled with vivid imagery
- His credo was less is more
Who is Ernest Hemingway?
- wrote Old Man in the Seawrote Farewell to Armswrote For Whom the Bell
Who was John Steinbeck?
- Wrote The Pearl
- Wrote The Grapes of Wrath
- Wrote Of Mice and Men
Who was Langston Hughes?
A famous and influential American author during the Harlem renaissance
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
A period for black authors that were famous and influential
What was F. Scott Fitzgerald?
- Embodied a period called "The Jazz Age"
- Wrote The Great GatsbyHis literature captured the frantic and materialistic decade of the "roaring 20's."
- He was a lot like his characters who would lead a fast paced life and longer for the wealth and status of the upper class.
What did The Great Gatsby demonstrate?
- The dreams/hopes of the American people and Gatsby
- Showed how they can lead to scandal, corruption, and ultimately tragedy
What is the definition of a thesis?
- The controlling thought of an academic paper.
- States a fact to be either supported or not supported
Where should the sources or a research paper be listed?
On the works cited page.
If a source is listed on the works cited page where else should it be listen?
In the paper
What should be included in each citation?
The author's last name and the page number
How should direct quotes be cited?
Cited immediately following the quote.
What kind of websites can be used in an MLA research paper?
What are the three credible websites for an MLA research paper?
.org, .edu., & .gov
How should a source be given if there is not an author's name?
By its title
How should sources by organized on the works cited page?
- Alphabetized by author's last name unless no author is given
- Then by it's title
where should the student's last name and page number be located?
In the right upper corner of each page
What is an important part of the research paper process?
How should a research paper be spaced?
What are the four main rules of writing?
- Know your audience & purpose
- Prepare, research and care about your topic
- Organize your thoughts and your writing
- Sound like yourself at your most grammatically correct.
How should a research paper be typed?
- No 1st or 2nd person pronouns
- No contractions
- Use vivid adjectives and active verbs
- Avoid "things" or generalities -be specific!
- Vary the starts of sentences
- Double space
- Spell check and proof read
What are the three main parts to a five paragraph essay?
- Intro-Hook, thesis statement
- Body of essay-Say it!
- Conclusion-Summarize, briefly rephrase thesis
What is the definition of theme?
The underlying concept or believe of literature (or work of art) that is not clearly stated by the author but is interpreted by the reader and can be applied to life.
What does point of view mean?
The perspective the story is being told.
What are the three different points of view?
- 1st person
- 2nd person
- 3rd person - omniscient
- 3rd person - limited
What is a protagonist?
The good guy of the story.
What is a antagonist?
The bad guy of the story.