Technology Vocabulary

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  1. Objects made by humans.
    artifacts
  2. The stage in human history that took
    place after the Stone Age. During
    this time, farming developed, villages
    and towns started to appear, and
    copper and copper-based metal tools
    replaced stone tools.
    Bronze Age
  3. Societies in which humans make
    tools, grow crops, engineer materials,
    and develop transportation systems.
    civilized conditions
  4. The work technologists do by building
    products and structures to make lives
    better.
    development
  5. A process that is constantly changing or causing change.
    dynamic process
  6. A type of knowledge that describes
    the relationships between and among
    groups of people.
    humanities
  7. The historical period from 1750 to
    1850, when tremendous changes in
    technology occurred. Many machines
    and devices were invented, including
    the steam engine and the telegraph.
    Industrial Revolution
  8. Occurring after the Industrial
    Revolution, this time period places
    most importance on information
    processing and cooperative working
    relations between production workers
    and managers.
    Information Age
  9. The historical period beginning around
    1200 B.C. During this period, iron and
    steel became the primary materials
    for tools. Trade, transportation, and
    communication all improved, and
    civilization expanded.
    Iron Age
  10. The historical period beginning around
    400 A.D. It is known for its various
    upheavals, as tribes continually
    fought each other for territory, but
    technology still progressed.
    Middle Ages
  11. Conditions determined by nature.
    Primitive societies were dependent on
    nature to provide food, shelter, and
    clothing.
    primitive conditions
  12. The amount of money left over after
    all the expenses of a business have
    been paid.
    profit
  13. The historical period that began in the
    early 1300s in Italy and lasted until
    1600. This period is known for new
    ideas in art, literature, history, and
    political science, but technological
    developments also occurred.
    Renaissance
  14. The work scientists do by gathering
    information to try to explain why
    something exists or happens in a
    certain way.
    research
  15. Knowledge of the natural world.
    science
  16. The earliest period in history. First,
    simple stone tools were used to cut
    and pound vegetables and cut meat
    from animal carcasses; later, pointed
    stone hunting tools were developed.
    Stone Age
  17. Having the understanding and ability
    to direct new technology.
    technologically literate
  18. Initiating the work related to an action plan.
    actuating
  19. The feedback loop that causes
    management and production
    activities to change through
    evaluation, feedback, and
    corrective action.
    control
  20. The function of comparing system
    outputs to the goals.
    controlling
  21. The ability to do work.
    energy
  22. The process of using information
    about the output of a system to
    regulate the inputs to the system.
    feedback
  23. The money and credit necessary for
    the economic system to operate.
    finances
  24. The reasons or purposes for a system.
    goals
  25. Facts and figures, called data, that
    have been sorted and arranged for
    human use. It is vital to taking an
    active part in society
    information
  26. Materials that flow into the system
    and are consumed or processed by
    the system.
    inputs
  27. Artifacts that amplify the speed,
    amount, or direction of a force. They
    transmit or change the application of
    power, force, or motion.
    machines
  28. The actions people use to ensure
    that production processes operate
    efficiently and appropriately.
    management processes
  29. Natural, synthetic, or composite
    substances from which artifacts
    are made.
    materials
  30. A function that involves dividing
    tasks into major segments and
    structuring a work force so goals
    can be met and resources can be
    assigned to complete each task.
    organizing
  31. The results, good and bad, of the
    operation of any system.
    outputs
  32. The process of setting goals and
    developing courses of action for a
    company or parts of the company
    to reach the goals.
    planning
  33. The procedure used to develop
    technology that will attempt to
    satisfy people’s technological needs
    and wants.
    problem-solving/design process
  34. The steps needed to complete a
    series of identifiable tasks within a
    system.
    processes
  35. The actions completed to perform the
    function of the technological system.
    production processes
  36. A group of parts working together
    in a predictable way, designed to
    achieve a goal.
    system
  37. The measurement of how long an
    event lasts. It is a key resource
    in developing and operating
    technological systems.
    time
  38. Artifacts humans use to expand
    their capabilities.
    tools

Card Set Information

Author:
Jesterjoker44
ID:
332114
Filename:
Technology Vocabulary
Updated:
2017-06-09 03:05:03
Tags:
vocabulary
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Description:
Vocabulary
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