Human Growth Ch2

The flashcards below were created by user cswett on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Human Development
    Human development is the study of processes of change and stability throughout the life span
  2. 3 Domains/Types of Development
    • Physical – growth of body, sensory capabilities, motor skills, health
    • Cognitive– mental ability, learning, attention, memory, language
    • Psychosocial–emotions, personality, social relationships
  3. Social Construction
    concept or practice that may appear natural but is an invention of a particular culture or society
  4. Culture
    • a society or groups total way of life – all learned behaviors
    • passed on from parents to children - customs, traditions, beliefs, values, language
  5. Baltes – Seven principles of life-span development

    1. Development is lifelong

    2. Development is multidimensional –biological & social develop at different rates

    3. Development is multidirectional – gain in one area, loose in another (adults)

    4. Relative influence of biology and culture shift over the lifespan – biological abilities weaken with age but cultural ability (education, relationships) grows

      • Development involves changing resource
      • allocations – childhood resources go to growth – old age to regulation of loss

    5. Development shows plasticity –abilities can be increased with training and practice

    6. Development is influenced by the historical and cultural context – the time and place we live

  6. Describe
    Intervein – cause change
  7. Theory
    set of logically related concepts that seek to describe and explain development and predict what kinds of behavior might occur in different conditions – organize and explain data
  8. Hypothesis
    possible explanation for phenomena – used to predict outcomes of research
  9. 5 Major Theories
    • 1. Psychoanalytical
    • 2. Learning
    • 3. Cognitive
    • 4. Contextual
    • 5. Evolutionary
  10. Psychoanalytic
    • Freud phychosexual – behavior controlled my unconscious urges – reactive
    • Erikson phychosocial – personality is influenced by society –

    • develops through crises – Active

  11. Learning –
    Behaviorism (traditional learning theory)(Pavlov, skinner, Watson) – people are responders –reactive

    Social Learning – children learn in social context by watching others – Active and reactive
  12. Cognitive
    • Piaget congnitive stage – changes in thought occur between infancy and adolescence – children are active initiators of development – active
    • Vygotsky sociocultural – social interaction is central to cognitive development – active

    Information-processing – human beings are processers of symbols – active
  13. Contextual
    Bronfenbrenners bioecological – development is interaction between developing person and surroundings – from Microsystems to chronosystems
  14. Evolutionary
    Bowlby attachment theory – Humans have adaptive mechanism to survive – critical and sensitive period of development – evolutionary and biological bases for behavior – predisposition toward learning
  15. Research Methods
    • Qualitative research – measurable data
    • Quantitative research – nonnumeric al data
  16. Scientific Method
      1. Identifying a problem

    • Hypothesis
    • Collect data
    • Analyze data
    • Tentative conclusions
    • Disseminating findings
  • Data Collection
    • Self – report – diaries, interviews, questionares
    • Naturalistic observations – watch people in normal settings
    • Laboratory observation – watch people in lab
    • Behavioral and performance measures – tested on abilities, skills,knowledge, physical response
  • Author:
    Card Set:
    Human Growth Ch2
    2010-09-07 20:21:12
    Human growth development

    note on ch 2 human growth
    Show Answers: