ACE ANTS

Home > Preview

The flashcards below were created by user ianquinto on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. Estimated # species
    of ants in the US
    700
  2. Only # or so species
    of ants are
    considered to be pests
    25
  3. Ants belong to
    the order _
    Hymenoptera
  4. All pest ant species
    in North America are _
    eusocial
  5. Ants live in colonies
    and have a
    highly developed
    social order with
    # different _
    two different castes
  6. The two different castes
    • workers
    • reproductives
  7. Most species have
    only _ _ _
    female reproductive
    per colony
    one egg laying female reproductive
  8. One egg laying
    female reproductive

    AKA
    The queen
  9. Some species may
    have more than ....
    one egg laying reproductive/queen
  10. The _ care for
    the eggs,
    forage for food,
    and defend the colony
    workers
  11. All worker ants
    are _
    female
  12. The only males
    in ant colony are
    _ _ (not yet mated)
    pre-reproductives
  13. Only pre-reproductive ants
    have _ and are
    referred to as
    _
    • wings
    • alates
  14. _ ants do not
    have wings
    Worker
  15. _ are generally easier
    to identify than
    reproductives
    Workers
  16. ?  = the establishment
    of a new
    ant colony may
    involve a single
    mated queen with
    some workers leaving
    the nest to
    start a new colony
    budding
  17. Budding may involve
    _ queens leaving the
    nest in search of
    _ _
    • unmated
    • male reproductives
  18. When male and female
    reproductives leave the
    colony in great numbers,
    it is known as _
    swarming
  19. Once swarming occurs,
    _ males leave the colony
    and _ to meet females
    • unmated
    • fly high in the air
  20. _ occurs during
    swarming flights
    Mating
  21. Unlike _ , male ants
    do not remain
    with the _ , when she
    starts her new _
    • termites
    • queen
    • colony
  22. _ typically marks the
    end of the
    male ant's life
    Mating
  23. Understanding the _
    habits of different
    ant species can
    sometimes be used
    to _ them
    • swarming
    • identify
  24. Certain ant species
    only _ under the
    right environmental
    conditions
    swarm
  25. Some species
    (like _ ants)
    do not swarm at all.
    Pharaoh
  26. Knowing the preferred
    _ _ for a given
    species is important
    for conducting
    site inspections
    and knowing where
    to apply pesticides
    nesting site
  27. One special behavior
    of ants worth noting
    is their _ _ behavior
    trail following
  28. _ ants follow
    structural guidelines
    and use mostly
    _ _ patterns
    to find food
    • Forager
    • random seeking
  29. Forager ants have
    an uncanny ability
    to find their way
    back to the nest
    using:

    _ _
    _ light
    _ _ cues
    _ landmarks
    • electromagnetic waves
    • polarized
    • sun angle
  30. Ants returning to
    the nest with food
    lay down a special
    _ _
    trail pheromone
  31. Ants often make
    use of _ _ insects
    like aphids and _ insects
    • honeydew emitting
    • scale
  32. Ants may even
    protect honeydew emitting
    insects from _
    predators
  33. Eliminating _ producing
    insects may help
    reduce ant populations
    near a structure
    honeydew
  34. Ants are incredibly
    diverse in their
    _ and _
    diets and habits
  35. _ that work
    during one time of
    year against a
    particular ant
    may not work
    during another time
    of year against
    that same ant
    Baits
  36. Ant food preferences
    change with the
    changing _ states
    of the ant colony
    physiological
  37. It is not uncommon
    to encounter ants
    caring for
    _ feeding insects
    on outdoor plants
    sap
  38. What benefit do
    ants get from
    sap feeding insects?
    Honeydew
  39. _ is a sweet
    liquid secreted by
    many plant-feeding insects
    Honeydew
  40. Examples of plant-feeding
    insects that secrete honeydew:

    _
    _bugs
    _flies
    other _-feeders
    • aphids
    • mealybugs
    • whiteflies
    • sap-feeders
  41. Scale insects benefit
    from ant _, which
    removes honeydew and
    _ growth from their bodies
    • grooming
    • mold
  42. Scale insects also
    benefit when ants
    drive off _, like lady beetles
    and parasitic wasps
    predators
  43. Most pest ant species
    feed on _
    honeydew
  44. Examples of ants species
    that fee on honeydew:

    _
    _
    _
    _ _
    _
    _
    _
    • carpenter
    • crazy
    • fire
    • odorous house
    • Argentine
    • acrobat
    • rover
  45. Signs of honeydew-producing
    insects on or
    near a structure:

    _ masses
    _ sacs
    _
    _
    _
    • egg masses
    • egg sacs
    • honeydew
    • mold
    • wax
  46. The first signs of
    honeydew-producing insects
    are _ _ leaves
    shiny sticky
  47. Shiny leaves are
    usually followed by
    _, _ mold deposits
    black, sooty mold deposits
  48. Sooty mold is a
    type of _
    that feeds on
    _ deposits
    • fungus
    • honeydew
  49. Sooty mold often
    coats the _ and _
    of infested plants
    • leaves
    • trunks
  50. If you see a
    plant covered with
    _ mold, sap-feeding
    insects and
    their ant caregivers
    are probably close by
    dark

Card Set Information

Author:
ianquinto
ID:
332458
Filename:
ACE ANTS
Updated:
2017-07-01 19:15:26
Tags:
ACE ANTS
Folders:
ACE ANTS
Description:
ACE ANTS
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview