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What is MDMP?
An iterative planning methodology IOT integrate the commander, staff, and subordinate elements to understand the situation/mission, develop and compare COA, decide on a COA that best accomplishes the mission, and produce an Order
Why do we utilize MDMP?
Because it facilitates collaborative and parallel planning, drives preparation
Who are the most important participant in the MDMP process?
What 3 outputs that make up the DESIGN of MDMP?
Understanding, Visualizing, Describing
What are the variable and characteristics of a functional staff?
Competence, Loyalty, team player, effective manager, effective communicator, confidence, flexibility, creativity, initiative
What are some of the advantages / disadvantages of MDMP?
- Advantages: Multiple COAs, Synchronization, Minimize overlooking critical aspects
- Disadvantages: Time Consuming
What are the levels of WAR?
Strategic, Operational and Tactical
What are the three components within Campaign Plans?
National Security Strategy (NSS), National Military Strategy (NMS), and DIME
Within contingency options, what is the difference between branches and Sequels?
- Branches: is used for changing the mission, orientation, or direction of movement
- Sequels: A major operation that follows the current major operation
What is the key outputs of step 1? Without it a mission statement cannot be derived.
Commanders initial guidance
What are the 3 products produced by a Staff Targeting Officer?
HPTL, TSS, and AGM
List the three steps within MDMP that produce a WARNO.
Receipt of Mission, Mission Analysis, and COA Approval
What are the outputs of Receipt of Mission?
- • Commander’s initial guidance
- • Initial allocation of time
- • WARNO #1!
What does Running Estimates consist of?
- Friendly force status
- Enemy activity / capabilities
- Civil considerations
- Conclusions and recommendations
What is a method to help Commanders determine the Time Needed to plan and prepare?
1/3 – 2/3 rule
What are some responsibilities of the Targeting Officers TO PREPARE FOR MDMP?
- Ensure your Fires Running Estimates are updated
- Review the higher HQ Order
- Present current / future targeting cycle information
- Gather your targeting tools (TSS, AGM, HPTL and TSM)
- Work closely with the FSO/CoF to ensure you both are speaking the same language
How many steps are within Step 1 of MDMP?
- 1.Alert the Staff and Other Key Participants
- 2.Gather the Tools
- 3.Update Running Estimates
- 4.Conduct Initial Assessment
- 5.Issue the CDR’s initial guidance
- 6.Issue the WARNO
How many steps / actions are within Step 2 of MDMP?
- 1.Analyze the higher HQ Plan / Order
- 2.Perform initial IPB
- 3.Determine specified, implied and essential tasks
- 4.Review available assets and identify resource shortfalls
- 5.Determine constraints
- 6.Identify critical facts and develop assumptions
- 7.Begin risk management
- 8.Develop initial CDRs CCIR and EEFI
- 9.Develop initial information collection plan
- 10.Update plan for the use of available time
- 11.Develop initial themes and messages
- 12.Develop a proposed Problem statement?
- 13.Develop a proposed mission statement
- 14.Present the MA brief
- 15.Develop and issue initial CDRs intent
- 16.Develop and issue initial planning guidance
- 17.Develop COA evaluation criteria
- 18.Issue a WARNO (#2)
How many steps are within Step 3 of MDMP?
- 1.Assess Relative Combat Power
- 2.Generate Options
- 3.Array Initial Forces
- 4.Develop a Broad Concept
- 5.Assign Headquarters
- 6.Prepare COA Statements and Sketches
- 7.Conduct a COA Briefing
- 8.Select or Modify COAs for Continued Analysis
How many steps are within Step 4 of MDMP?
- 1.Gather the tools
- 2.List all friendly forces
- 3.List known assumptions
- 4.List known critical events and Decision Points
- 5.Select war-game method
- 6.Select a technique to record and display the results
- 7.War-game the operation and assess the results
- 8.Conduct a war-game brief (Optional)
How many steps are within Step 5 of MDMP?
- 1.Conduct advantages and disadvantages Analysis
- 2.Compare COAs
- 3.Conduct a COA Decision Brief
What is the most important step within MDMP?
What are some outputs of Step 2 Mission Analysis?
- Problem Statement
- Approved Mission Statement
- Initial CDR Intent
- Initial CDR Planning Guidance
- Initial CCIR and EEFI
- Updated IPB products
- Updated Running Estimates
- COA evaluation criteria
- WARNO #2
Within Step 2 Mission Analysis, what must the CDR and Staff completely understand?
- The Higher Headquarters: Commander’s intent, Mission, Concept of Operations, Available Assets, Timeline
- Missions of adjacent, supporting, and supported units
- Missions of interagency, intergovernmental, and nongovernmental organizations working in the Operational area
- Their assigned area of operations
What is a Constraint?
A restriction placed on the command by a higher command
What two kinds of risk are assessed during mission analysis?
Tactical and Accidental Risks
What 2 requirements make up a Commander's Critical Information Requirements (CCIR)?
- Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR)
- Friendly Force Information Requirements (FFIR)
How should PIRs be planned against?
PIRs should be aligned with NAIs
What is the difference between Information theme and messages?
- An information theme is a unifying or dominant idea or image that expresses the purpose for military action.
- A message is a verbal, written, or electronic communications that supports an information theme focused on a specific actor and in support of a specific action (task).
What are the 5 elements of a Mission Statement?
Who, What, When, Where, Why
What is a Mission Statement?
A short sentence or paragraph that describes the organizations essential task (or tasks) and purpose—a clear statement of the action to be taken and the reason for doing so; must answer Who, What, When, Where and Why.
What is most important about the Develop and Issue Initial Commander’s Intent?
- -Key Tasks
- -End State
What are the 3 consideration Methods in developing evaluation criteria?
- Principles of War
- Elements of Combat Power
- Other considerations
Within step 3 COA Development, what are some outputs?
- • COA statements and sketches
- • Tentative task organization
- • Broad concept of operations
- • Revised planning guidance
- • Updated assumptions
- • Initial HPTL, TSS, AGM**
What are the Screening Criteria within step 3 COA DEV?
Define Combat Power.
The total means of destructive, constructive, and information capabilities that a military unit/formation can apply at a given time
Which step are we determining the “HOW” of MDMP?
What is a COA?
A broad potential solution to an identified problem
What are the three recommended war-gaming methods?
What is a tool the staff uses to record the results of war-gaming and helps them synchronize a course of action across time, space, and purpose in relationship to potential enemy and civil actions?
What does the staff utilizes during role play to war-game a COA?
Action, reaction, and counteraction
What are the critical inputs to COA analysis?
COA Statements and Sketches
What are two techniques commonly utilized to record and display the results of the war-game?
Synchronization Matrix and Sketch Note techniques
What are the 2 key inputs to COA Comparison?
- War gaming (advantages & disadvantages)
- Evaluation Criteria
What are the 3 Types of ORDERS
- Operations Order (OPORD)
- Fragmentary Order (FRAGO)
- Warning Order (WARNO)
Provides the _______ and _______of tasks to subordinate units, and leave the how to perform the tasks to subordinates.
What and Why
Every ORDER follows the five-paragraph format, what are they?
- Command and Control
What are the TARGETING OFFICERS duties ISO orders production?
- Produce hardcopy TSM
- Produce HPTL, AGM, and TSS, for inclusion in the order
- Assist in the production of Annex D
The approved COA is converted into what.