CM-1

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  1. - It is an analysis and examination that involves non-blood procedures.
    CLINICAL MICROSCOPY
  2. the examination of the physical and chemical properties of urine.
    Urinalysis
  3. Appearance- clear, most ...... color due  to .....pigment from breakdown of hemoglobin- other color from foods, drugs and diseases.
    colorless to deep amber- yellow color, urochrome
  4. cloudiness or blood could suggest ......
    urinary tract infection, trauma or stones.
  5. pus in the urine.
    Pyuria
  6. blood in urine due to urinary tract infection, trauma or kidney stones.
    Hematuria
  7. Specific gravity- compared to .....
    distilled water
  8. density of urine ranges from .....
    1.001-1.028.
  9. Osmolarity- (blood= ..... ).
    300 mOsm/L
  10. osmolarity of urine ranges from
    50 mOsm/L to 1200mOsm/L
  11. pH range:  ...... to ...... , usually .....
    4.5, 8.2, 6.o
  12. urine Chemical composition:
    95% water and 5 % solutes.
  13. Normal to find: (13)
    -urea, NaCl, KCl, creatinine, uric acid, phospate, sulfates, traces of calcium, magnesium and sometimes bicarbonate, urochrome and a trace of bilirubin.
  14. Abnormal to find:
    glucose, free hemoglobin,albumin, ketones, bile pigments.
  15. Urine Volume
    Normal volume for average adult
    1 to 2 L/day
  16. ........
    -output in excess of ......
    • Polyuria
    • 2L/day
  17. ........
    - output of less than
    • Oliguria
    • 500ml/day
  18. ....... --.......
    -low output from kidney disease
    -dehydration
    • Anuria
    • 0-100mL/day
  19. indications of anuria
    • low output from kidney disease
    • dehydration
    • circulatory shock
    • Prostate enlargement
  20. The body cannot maintain less than ......
    - Low concentration of waste in the plasma.
    400 mL/day

Card Set Information

Author:
summerdhon
ID:
332821
Filename:
CM-1
Updated:
2017-07-11 16:19:49
Tags:
cm
Folders:
intro2MT
Description:
cm
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