Chapter 1

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  1. cyan/o
    blue
  2. erythr/o
    red
  3. leuk/o
    white
  4. melan/o
    black
  5. poli/o
    gray
  6. -algia
    pain, suffering
  7. dys-
    bad, difficult, or painful
  8. -ectomy
    surgical removal, cutting out
  9. hyper-
    excessive, increased
  10. hypo-
    deficient, decreased
  11. -itis
    inflammation
  12. -osis
    abnormal condition, disease
  13. -ostomy
    the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
  14. -otomy
    cutting, surgical incision
  15. -plasty
    surgical repair
  16. -rrhage
    bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
  17. -rrhaphy
    surgical suturing
  18. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  19. -rrhexis
    rupture
  20. -sclerosis
    abnormal hardening
  21. abdominocentesis
    The surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes
  22. acute
    A condition that has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration
  23. angiography
    The process of producing a radiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make the blood vessels visible
  24. appendectomy
    Surgical removal of the appendix
  25. arteriosclerosis
    Abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
  26. arthralgia
    Pain in a joint or joints
  27. colostomy
    The surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
  28. cyanosis
    Blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood
  29. dermatologist
    A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
  30. diagnosis
    The identification of a disease
  31. diarrhea
    The frequent flow of loose or watery stools
  32. edema
    Swelling caused by excess fluid in body tissues
  33. endarterial
    Pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
  34. eponym
    A disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first
  35. erythrocyte
    A mature red blood cell
  36. fissure
    A groove or cracklike sore of the skin; also a normal fold in the contours of the brain
  37. fistula
    An abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body
  38. gastralgia
    Pain in the stomach
  39. gastritis
    Inflammation of the stomach
  40. gastroenteritis
    Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
  41. gastrosis
    Any abnormal condition or disease of the stomach
  42. hemorrhage
    The loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
  43. hepatomegaly
    Abnormal enlargement of the liver
  44. hypertension
    Higher-than-normal blood pressure
  45. hypotension
    Lower-than-normal blood pressure
  46. infection
    Invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism
  47. inflammation
    A localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues that is characterized by heat, redness, swelling, and pain
  48. interstitial
    Between, but not within, the parts of a tissue
  49. intramuscular
    Within the muscle
  50. laceration
    A torn, jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
  51. lesion
    A pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
  52. malaise
    A feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of an infection or other disease
  53. mycosis
    Any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus
  54. myelopathy
    Any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
  55. myopathy
    Any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
  56. myorrhexis
    The rupture of a muscle
  57. natal
    Pertaining to birth
  58. neonatology
    Study of disorders of the newborn
  59. neurorrhaphy
    Suturing together the ends of a severed nerve
  60. otorhinolaryngology
    Study of the ears, nose, and throat
  61. palpation
    An examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
  62. palpitation
    A pounding or racing heart
  63. pathology
    The study of all aspects of diseases
  64. phalanges
    The bones of the fingers and toes
  65. poliomyelitis
    A viral infection of the gray nerve tissue of the spinal cord
  66. prognosis
    A prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease
  67. pyoderma
    Any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection
  68. pyrosis
    • Discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus
    • aka heartburn
  69. remission
    The temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure
  70. sign
    Objective evidence of disease, such as a fever
  71. supination
    The act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
  72. suppuration
    The formation or discharge of pus
  73. supracostal
    Above or outside the ribs
  74. symptom
    Subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or a headache
  75. syndrome
    A set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
  76. tonsillitis
    Inflammation of the tonsils
  77. trauma
    Wound or injury
  78. triage
    Medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
  79. viral
    Pertaining to a virus

Card Set Information

Author:
st2478
ID:
332946
Filename:
Chapter 1
Updated:
2017-07-18 03:18:34
Tags:
unit1
Folders:
MedTerm
Description:
unit 1, chapter 1
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