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Conditions conducive to icing
- OAT =<10°C &
- visible moisture present or
- moisture on wing or
- wing fuel temp =<0° & OAT/dew pt spread =<3°C or
- conditions conducive to frost formation exist or
- water, ice, or snow on ramp, rwy, or taxiway
conditions conducive to icing - ground/TO
- OAT =<10C
- ramps, taxiways, or runways contain snow, ice, standing water, or slush
conditions conducive to icing - flight
- TAT =<10C
- visible moisture in any form (clouds, rain, snow, sleet or ice crystals) is encountered
- EXCEPT when SAT is -40C or below
What is the clean aircraft concept?
The aircraft will not take off with frost, ice, or snow adhering to the wings, control surfaces, engine inlets, or other critical surfaces.
What is a Cold Weather Preflight Inspection?
Visual and tactile check of critical surfaces for frozen contaminants.
When must a Cold Weather Preflight Inspection be performed?
- OAT is =<5°C or
- conditions conducive to icing exist or
- RON aircraft subject to contamination or
- through flight where residual ice from the inbound flight may have accumulated or
- wing fuel temp <=0°C or
- cold soak ice is suspected in fuel tank area
When is take off permitted with frost adhering to the aircraft?
- <= 1/8 inch on underside of wing fuel tank area caused by cold soaked fuel
- upper surface of fuselage through which it is possible to distinguish surface features.
What defines cold soaked?
-30°C for >8 hours
What additional procedures must be followed when aircraft is cold soaked?
- dry motor for 60 secs and verify fan rotation
- idle thrust until oil pressure in normal range
- actuate thrust reversers until deploy/stow cycle <5 secs for CRJ200 or 2 secs for CRJ 700/900
What are the deicing communication elements?
- A: fluid type
- B: fluid percentage
- C: time application began
- E: post application check for clean surfaces is complete
When does the HOT begin?
Final application of the deicing/anti-icing fluid
When is a Pre-Takeoff Contamination Check required?
for the CRJ 700/900: within 5 mins of takeoff whenever the HOT has been exceeded, to ensure critical surfaces free of contaminants
What constitutes 'contaminated'?
when more than 25% of the surface area within the reported length and width being used is covered by more than 1/8" (3mm) of standing water or its equivalent in slush, wet snow, dry snow, or any depth of ice or compacted snow.
Cowls - ON for ground ops when:
- OAT <=10C and
- visible moisture is present orvisibility <=1 mile or
- ops on surfaces where ice, snow, standing water or slush is present
Wings - CRJ 200 - ON for taxi when:
- OAT <=5°C and
- no Type II or Type IV anti-icing
Cowls - ON for T/O when:
- OAT <=10°C and
- visible moisture (any precip or vis <=1 mi) or
- runway is contaminated
Wings - CRJ 200 - ON for T/O when:
- OAT <=5°C and
- visible moisture in any form (precip, fog, mist, or clouds below 400' AGL) or
- runway is wet or contaminated
Wings - CRJ 700/900 - ON for T/O when:
- OAT <=5°C and
- visible moisture (any precip or vis <= 1 mile) or
- runway is contaminated
Cowls - ON in flight when:
- in icing conditions or
- ICE is annunciated by the ice detection system
Wings - ON in flight when:
- in icing conditions at <230 KIAS or
- when ICE is annunciated by the ice detection system
What is the procedure if icing conditions are encountered in the CRJ200 during climb?
- Select wing anti-ice on, thenCowl anti-ice on
What elements are required on a release?
- Trip/flight #
- Aircraft ID
- Airports - departure, destination, alternate
- Type of operation (IFR/VFR)
- Minimum fuel supply
- WX (latest available)
- open MEL and/or CDL items on DMI log
What is MINTO?
- Alternate (most distant)
How much can release fuel be decreased without concurrence of Dispatcher?
- 200 lbs or
- 50% of contingency
How much can release fuel be increased without concurrence of Dispatcher?
When is an alternate required?
- 1 hr before to 1 hr after ETA, ceiling <2000' & vis <3 mi or
- freezing precipitation is forecast or
- all available runways reporting RCC 1
When is a second alternate required?
- when the WX forecast for the destination and first alternate are marginal (WX at ETA =< lowest authorized minima at each airport) or
- anytime conditional WX Exemption 17347 is used
When is an alternate NOT required to be listed on the release?
- Whenever forecast WX for:
- 1: ETA +/- 1 hr
- 2: Ceiling >=2000 ft AGL
- 3: Vis >=3 mi
When is a takeoff alternate required?
when the WX at the airport of takeoff is below the visibility landing mins for that airport
When is a new/amended release required?
- whenever PIC/Dispatcher thinks it's needed
- aircraft change
- delay of >2 hours
- unable to depart in accordance with original release
- return to departure airport
- departure after unscheduled landing
What are the report for duty times?
- domestic 45 minutes
- international 60 minutes
When must you report to the aircraft/departure gate?
35 minutes prior to departure
How is flight crew ID verified?
SkyWest crewmember not on trip, SkyWest employee, or authorized ground crew verify company ID against trip sheet, release, or electronic means
What are the required flight items for pilots?
- pilot's certificate
- company ID
- EFB, back-up battery & bag
- current Jepps, FOM & SOPM
What additional flight items are required for pilots for international operations?
- FCC Restricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit
- spare glasses
What are the 'Report for Duty' requirements for the EFB?
- be in good working order - no damage, cracks, or other defects that would affect operations
- minimim battery charge of 80%
- back-up battery charged to 100%
- Jepp FD-Pro updated (Today marker within green bar)
- Company Manuals synced within 4 calendar days
What's required for an FAA inspector to occupy the jumpseat?
Form 110A (example in FOM Ch 5)
Where is the list of authorized jumpseat occupants?
FOM Ch 5 - Admission to the Flight Deck
How much does a carry on weigh when it's gate-checked?
What is the procedure for handling ticketed cabin baggage?
- Pax buys a seat for the baggage
- baggage is issued a boarding pass
- FA is notified by list/verbally
- Pax must carry baggage on and secure it in the seat
- baggage cannot be in an exit row
- baggage must be <=165 lbs
- for W&B, baggage = child's weight
Are animals allowed on SkyWest flights?
Customer Service administers/enforces company animal carriage policy, including service, search & rescue and explosive detection. PIC has final authority in event of conflict.
What weight is assigned to a live animal carried in the cabin?
- cabin pets = 0, pet is considered the pax's carry on item allowance
- service animals = 0, pet is NOT considered the pax's carry on item
How are infants handled for W&B?
- an infant is 0 - 2 years old
- infant's weight = 0
- infant included on PIN for # of souls on board count
What is the wind limit when braking action is reported less than good
max crosswind of 10 knots
What limitations are placed on the aircraft when operating at altitudes that have dashed lines on the speed card VMD speed lines?
At the applicable altitude & weight:
- Bank angles >15° prohibited
- Holding prohibited
Continuous Ignition uses
- CRJ200 T/O with crosswind component >10 knots
- T/O & landing on contaminated runway
- Flight thru moderate or heavier intensity rain
- Flight thru moderate or heavier intensity turbulence
- Flight in the vicinity of thunderstorms
Min O2 for dispatch internationally
Min O2 for dispatch domestically
Refer to chart in SOPM Ch 4 Op Procedures, Preflight, Supplemental, O2 Pressure Req's
Reduced Thrust T/O exceptions
- CRJ200 flaps 8 takeoff
- anti-skid inop
- cowl &/or wing anti-ice ON
- takeoff rwy contaminated with standing water, slush, ice or snow
- takeoff behind a heavy aircraft
- tailwind component >5 knots
- warnings of windshear or downdrafts forecast or reported
CRJ700/900 EICAS reduced thrust N1
=> N1 value on TLR
What is the minimum reduced thrust setting for 3B1 engine on CRJ200?
What is the procedure for a Rejected Takeoff?
Prior to V1
CA calls for and performs the abort:
- Thrust levers - IDLE
- Wheel Brakes - Apply max braking until safe stop
- Thrust Reversers - Apply max consistent with directional control
What are the FO's actions during a Rejected Takeoff?
- If PF, "Your controls"
- Monitor airplane deceleration status
- Verify reverse thrust
- Advise ATC
- After stopping, perform checklists as applicable
What are the CA's actions once the aircraft is stopped following a Rejected Takeoff?
- Set parking brake
- Communicate with FAs & PAX, as necessary
- Request appropriate checklist as applicable
What communication statement must be made to the FA for the FA to prepare the cabin for evacuation?
Assess and wait for my command
If decision to expedite deplaning is made following a rejected take off, what PA is made and when?
- This is the Captain. Remain seated and follow the direction of your FAs.
- As directed by the QRC Emergency Evacuation Procedure
Following an evacuation, where should the PAX be directed to?
- Beyond fire equipment
- Off paved surface if possible
- Out of range of possible fire or explosion
- Away from aircraft, at least 500' upwind
What equipment should the FO take from the flight deck during an evacuation?
- On land: Fire extinguisher & Crash axe
- On water: Flashlight & flotation
On initial climb, with flaps in take off setting, what speed allows full maneuvering?
V2 + 20
On initial climb, with flaps 0, what speed allows full maneuvering?
In flight, what QRC/QRH checklist items require PF confirmation?
- Thrust Levers
- Guarded Switches
- Engine fire push switches
- Boost pumps
What are the elements of an NTSBO briefing?
- Nature - conditions creating the emergency & expected landing condition
- Time - available for preparation before landing
- Signal - for evacuation, expedited deplaning
- Brace - determine when necessary
- Other - pertinent info
What conditions would warrant a BRACE command?
- Water landing or
- Any time outcome of landing is in question
How is the BRACE command given?
"Brace, brace, brace" over the PA just prior to landing
When are oxygen masks donned?
- smoke, fire, or fumes are present or
- emergency descent or
- oxygen deficiency or contamination suspected
Regarding use of the oxygen masks, how is the ACP configured and how is communication established?
- Oxygen mask - don
- Normal/100% lever - 100%
- Mask/boom switch - mask
- Audio panel R/T/I/C switch - off
- Control yoke R/T/I/C selector - off
- Audi panel speaker - on
- CA/FO on O2
How is descent fuel consumption calculated for the fuel planning section of the release?
Based on (unrealistic) power idle descent from TOD to landing.
What defines Emergency Fuel?
<30 mins fuel endurance remaining upon landing at intended destination
What are the emergency fuel values for the CRJ 200/700/900?
- CRJ200 1050 lbs
- CRJ700 1500 lbs
- CRJ900 1550 lbs
What defines Minimum Fuel?
- estimated fuel remaining on touchdown at the airport of intended landing < minimum specified in Minimum/Emergency fuel table &
- no undue delay can be accepted
What are the minimum fuel values for the CRJ 200/700/900?
- CRJ200 1500 lbs
- CRJ700 2100 lbs
- CRJ900 2150 lbs
When can the post-flight external inspection be waived?
- outbound crew at aircraft prior to termination checklist
- aircraft remains powered
- inbound crew resolves any discrepancies
- outbound crew does walkaround