Exam 2 Terms

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  1. Exocrine
    Secretes directly into ducts. Sweat, oil, mucus, digestive glands.
  2. Endocrine
    Secretes hormones into interstitial fluid. Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal.
  3. Paracrine Hormones
    Hormones that don't circulate. Local.
  4. Autocrine Hormones
    Act on the same cell that secretes them.
  5. Lipid Soluble
    Fat soluble. Steroid and thyroid hormones.
  6. Infundibulum
    Connects Pituitary gland to hypothalamus
  7. ADH
    Antidiruretic Hormone. Reduces water loss by reabsorption of water from blood.
  8. Oxytocin
    Stimulates uterine contraction and milk ejection.
  9. Osmoreceptors
    Monitor blood osmotic pressure.
  10. BMR
    Basal Metobolic Rate.
  11. Goiter
    Enlarged thyroid gland.
  12. Pineal Gland
    Secretes melatonin. Regulates body's biological clock.
  13. Eicosanoids
    Locally acting hormones. Effect target cells next to their location.
  14. Fibrinogen
    Large protein. Role in clotting.
  15. Albumin
    Plasma proteins. Maintain osmotic pressure, exchange fluid across capillary walls.
  16. Pluripotent Stem Cell
    Differentiate into each of the different types of stem cells.
  17. Megakaryoctye
    In red bone marrow. Creates platelets.
  18. Lymphoid Stem Cell
    Gives rise to lymphocytes and natural killer cells.
  19. Carbonic Anhydrase
    Catalyses the conversion of CO2 and water to carbonic acid.
  20. Reticulocyte
    Immature RBCs.
  21. Erythropoiesis
    Production of RBCs.
  22. Hypoxia
    Low oxygen concentration.
  23. Rogham
    Injection when mother has Rh- blood and baby has Rh+ blood.
  24. Stroke Volume
    Amount of blood pumped out of ventricle in 1 beat.
  25. Anastomosis
    Union of the branches of 2 or more arteries supplying the same region of the body.
  26. Transcytosis
    How large, lipid-insoluble molecules cross capillary walls in vesicles.
  27. Blood Hydrostatic Pressure
    As blood moves along the capillary, fluid moves out through its pores into the interstitial space. Pressure exerted by the blood will become lower as the blood moves along the capillary.
  28. Resistance
    Vascular resistance is the opposition to blood flow due to friction between blood and the walls of blood vessels. Higher the resistance, lower the blood flow.
  29. Baroreceptors
    Pressure sensitive sensory neurons that monitor stretching of blood vessel walls and atria.
  30. Hypovolemic Shock
    Low blood volume.
  31. Blood
    Fluid connective tissue made up of various cells and a plasma matrix.
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Exam 2 Terms
2017-07-23 18:11:33

Cards for terms for exam 2
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