Science Test 1
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What does STS stand for? Why remember it?
science, tecnology, and society, it is a ctachphrase to represent the 2 things that affect society: science and technology.
National Science Education Standards
What are the different types of modeling?
- 1. Descriptive
- 2. Explanitory
- 3. Experimental
What are the 2 components of science?
- 1. Systematic quest of explanations
- 2. Dynamic body of knowledge generated through explanation quest
What does descriptive modeling include?
what does explanatory modeling include?
- interpreting data
what does experimental modeling include?
- identifying variables
- controlling variables
- controlling experiments
What does AAAS stand for?
American Association for the Advancement of Science
List the values of science
what a child does and learns depends on what happens as a result of the child's behavior
what childre learn depends on their mental processes and what they perceive about the world around them
Piaget's theory (list the stage's of cognitive development)
- 1. Sensorimotor knowledge
- 2. Preoperational (representational) knowledge
- 3. Concrete operations
- 4. Formal operations
teacher's need to provide children with experiences to help them discover underlying ideas, concepts, and patterns
What is constructivism?
theory of human learning that is rooted in cognitive psychology and to a lesser extent, behavioral psychology
3 Constructive Principles
- 1. naive conceptions
- 2. assimilation
- 3. accommodation
Gardner's multiple intelligences
What is UDL and what are the 3 general strategies for it?
- Universal Design for Learning
- 1. Multiple means of representation
- 2. Multiple means of expression
- 3. Multiple means of engagement
What are some Inquiry Methods?
- 1. Making observations
- 2. Posing questions
- 3. Examining books and other sources of information to see what is already known
- 4. Planning investigations
- 5. Reviewing what is already known based on experimental evidence
- 6. Using tools to gather, analyze, and interpret data
- 7. Proposing answers,explanations, and predictions and communicating the results
- 8. Identifying assumptions using critical and logical thinking and considering alternative explanations
5 Es of Instructional strategy
- Engagement- pique children's interests, solicit prior knowledge usually in the form of an essential question.
- Exploration- provide opportunities for children to encounter new information necessary to answer the essential question.
- Explanation- children express what they have discovered during exploration
- Elaboration- time for children to apply, exercise and transfer newly acquired knowledge
- Evaluation- both formative and summative
obtain info or data about objects and events
Using Space/Time Relationships
ability to discern and describe directions, spatial arrangements, motion and speed, symmetry, and range of change
process scientists use to impose order on collections of objects or events
Using logic to make assumptions from what we observe and question.
begins with an explanatory model, it's a proposed relationship put forth to explain a phenomenon
a specific forecast of future observation or event
variable being tested
the change that is measured
all factors that could be change are kept the same.
students define terms in context of their own experiences.
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