Testing for neurological dysfunction

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  1. Cerebral Angiogram
    • Invasive, injection of contrast dye
    • Determines narrowing or blockage to cerebral artery
    • r/o:
    • ----CVA
    • ----tumor
    • ----aneurysm
    • ----vascular malformation
  2. Computed tomography (CT scan)
    • 2D views of bones, tissues, organs
    • can be invasive
    • R/o:
    • ----vascular malformation
    • ----tumor
    • ---- cyst
    • ----herniated disc
    • ----hemorrhage
    • ----epilepsy
    • ----encephalitis
    • ----spinal stenosis
    • ----intracranial bleeding
    • ----head injury
  3. Discography
    • Invasive, injected dye into disk space + CT scan
    • Evaluate the integrity and pathology of a spinal disk
  4. Electroencephalography (EEG)
    • Measure electrical activity of the brain
    • R/o:
    • ----seizures
    • ----brain damage/death/ degenerative disorder/inflammation
    • ----brain tumor
    • ----alcoholism
    • ----select psychiatric disorders
  5. Electromyography (EMG)
    • Invasive
    • Assesses nerve and muscle dysfunction or SCI
    • Records electrical activity from brain/SC to peripheral nerves
    • R/o:
    • ----muscle/nerve pathology
    • ---- denervated muscle
    • ----spinal cord disease
    • ----LMN
  6. Evoked potentials
    • Non-invasive
    • Two sets of electrodes that record the time it takes for impulse to reach brain
    • Stimuli include: auditory, visual, prop
    • r/o:
    • ----MS
    • ----brain tumor
    • ----SCI
    • ----acoustic neuroma
  7. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • Provides detailed images or organs, bones, and nerves
    • Contrast dye can be used to enhance imaging
    • R/o:
    • ----brain/SC tumor
    • ----MS
    • ----head trauma
  8. Myelography
    • Invasive
    • Contrast dye+ spinal tap + xray
    • r/o:
    • ----subarachnoid space abnormalities
    • ----spinal nerve injury
    • ----spinal tumor
    • ----herniated disk
    • ----fx
    • ----back/leg pathologies, spinal tumor
  9. Nerve conduction velocity (NCV)
    • Stimulation of peripheral nerves to determine the nerve action potential and ability to send a signal
    • R/o:
    • ----peripheral neuropathies
    • ----peripheral nerve compression
    • ----demyelination pathologies
    • ----carpal tunnel
  10. Positron emission tomography (PET)
    • 2D and 3D pictures of brain activity
    • r/o:
    • ----cerebral circulatory pathology
    • ----metabolic dysfunction
    • ----tumor
    • ---brain changes to drug abuse
  11. Spinal puncture (lumbar)
    • Puncture below L1-L2 for cerebral spinal fluid sample
    • r/o:
    • hemorrhage
    • inflammation
    • infection
    • meningitis
    • tumor

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jldnpte
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333381
Filename:
Testing for neurological dysfunction
Updated:
2017-08-09 20:34:32
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Testing neurological dysfunction
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Testing for neurological dysfunction
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