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A. A __________ is a specific point on Earth distinguished by a __________________.
B. Describing the features of a place is an essential building block for geographers to explain ____________, _____________, and _____________ across Earth.
C. Geographers describe a feature's place on Earth by identifying its ____________ the position that something occupies on Earth's surface.
- particular characteristic
Location can be identified in three ways.
A. A ___________ is the same name given to a place on Earth.
B. Names derived from people of prominence, religious affiliation, physical features, or origins of its settlers.
A. _________ is the _______________ of a place.
B. Characteristics include climate, water sources, topography, soil, vegetation, latitude, and elevation.
A. ___________ is the location of a place ___________ to other places.
- Place Names
- physical character
A. An area on Earth defined by one or more characteristics is a __________.
B. Most often applied at two scales
C. A region derives its unified character through the _________________- a combination of ___________, ____________, and _____________ features.
1. "Culture is the agent, the natural area the medium, the cultural landscape is the result." -Carl O. Sauer, American Geographer.
- 1. Spanning political states.
- 2. Constrained within one political state.
- cultural landscape
Regions CHANGE over time.
Regions are separated from each other by a ________________.
1. An area of ______________ where peripheries of two adjacent regions join.
2. Marked by a ______________ (rather than a sharp break) in the characteristics that distinguish neighboring regions.
3. Area of ____________, _____________ (i.e.cultural groups, religious groups, etc.)
- transition zone
- spatial change
- gradual shift
- mixed characteristics
- possible tension
Geographers identify three types of regions.
1. ______________ (aka uniform region or homogeneous region).
a. An area in which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics.
* Characteristics could be a local population as language, income, or religion. Could also be physical such as elevation or climate.
* Characteristic may be _____________ rather than _______________.
b. Formal regions must be ____________.
c. Examples: ______________________
2. _____________ (aka _________ region)
a. An area organized around a ______ or a __________.
* The characteristic chose to i define a functional region dominates at a ________________ or node and diminishes importance.
b. Examples: ______________________
3. ______________ Region (aka _____________Region.
A. An area that people believe exists as part of their _________________.
B. More likely than other regions to _________________.
C. Frequently based upon _______________, as people's definitions of perceptual regions are influenced by travel, media, reading, films, and conversations.
D. Examples: ______________________
- 1. Formal Region
- a. predominant
- a. universal
- a. measurable
Ex. Muscogee County, State, Texas, Chinatown, and Brazil.
- 2. Functional Region (Nodal)
- a. node
- a. focal point
- a. central focus
- a. outward
Ex. Mississippi River, I35 Corridor, and Atlanta (the airport and two interstates make Atlanta Functional)
- 3. Vernacular (Perceptual)
- a. cultural identity
- b. change over time
- c. stereotypes
Ex. The South, Dixie, Sun Belt,Chinatown, North Columbus.
A. Culture is the body of _______________, _____________, and _______________ that together constitute the _______________ of a group of people.
B. Origin of word, culture, is the Latin cultus, which means "to care for".
1. Two meanings
- customary beliefs
- material traits
- social farms
- distinct tradition
- a. to care about
- b. to take care of
- *Geographers study both definitions of culture.
1. Culture: What People Care About
a. Geographers study why the customary ideas, beliefs, and values of a people produce a _____________ in a ________________.
b. Especially important cultural values derive from a group's _____________, ____________, and _____________/
2. Culture: What People Take Care Of
a. The second element of culture of interest is production of _____________, such as food, clothing, and shelter that humans need in order to survive and thrive.
- a. distinctive culture
- a. particular p;ace
- b. language
- b. religion
- b. ethnicity
a. material wealth