Key Issue # 2: Why Is Each Place on Earth Unique

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  1. A.  A __________ is a specific point on Earth distinguished by a __________________.

    B.  Describing the features of a place is an essential building block for geographers to explain ____________, _____________, and _____________ across Earth.

    C.  Geographers describe a feature's place on Earth by identifying its ____________ the position that something occupies on Earth's surface.
    • place
    • particular characteristic
    • similarities 
    • differences
    • changes
    • location
  2. Location can be identified in three ways.
       1. ______________
          A. A ___________ is the same name given to a place on Earth.
          B. Names derived from people of prominence, religious affiliation, physical features, or origins of its settlers.

       2. ______________
          A. _________ is the _______________ of a place.
          B. Characteristics include climate, water sources, topography, soil, vegetation, latitude, and elevation.

       3. ______________
          A. ___________ is the location of a place ___________ to other places.
    • Place Names
    • toponym 
    • Site
    • Site
    • physical character
    • Situation
    • Situation
    • relative
  3. A.  An area on Earth defined by one or more characteristics is a __________.

    B.  Most often applied at two scales

    C. A region derives its unified character through the _________________- a combination of ___________, ____________, and _____________ features.
          1. "Culture is the agent, the natural area the medium, the cultural landscape is the result." -Carl O. Sauer, American Geographer.

    • 1. Spanning political states.
    • 2. Constrained within one political state.

    • cultural landscape
    • cultural 
    • religious 
    • physical
  4. Regions CHANGE over time.

    Regions are separated from each other by a ________________.
       1. An area of ______________ where peripheries of two adjacent regions join.
       2. Marked by a ______________ (rather than a sharp break) in the characteristics that distinguish neighboring regions.
       3. Area of ____________, _____________ (i.e.cultural groups, religious groups, etc.)
    • transition zone
    • spatial change
    • gradual shift 
    • mixed characteristics 
    • possible tension
  5. Geographers identify three types of regions.
       1. ______________ (aka uniform region or homogeneous region).
          a. An area in which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics.
             * Characteristics could be a local population as language, income, or religion. Could also be physical such as elevation or climate.
             * Characteristic may be _____________ rather than _______________. 
          b. Formal regions must be ____________.
          c. Examples: ______________________

       2. _____________ (aka _________ region)
          a. An area organized around a ______ or a __________.
            * The characteristic chose to i define a functional region dominates at a ________________ or node and diminishes importance.
          b. Examples: ______________________

       3. ______________ Region (aka  _____________Region.
          A. An area that people believe exists as part of their _________________.
          B. More likely than other regions to _________________.
          C. Frequently based upon _______________, as people's definitions of perceptual regions are influenced by travel, media, reading, films, and conversations.
          D. Examples: ______________________
    • 1. Formal Region
    •    a. predominant 
    •    a. universal
    •    a. measurable

    Ex. Muscogee County, State, Texas, Chinatown, and Brazil.

    • 2. Functional Region (Nodal)
    •    a. node
    •    a. focal point
    •    a. central focus
    •    a. outward

    Ex. Mississippi River, I35 Corridor, and Atlanta (the airport and two interstates make Atlanta Functional)

    • 3. Vernacular (Perceptual)
    •    a. cultural identity
    •    b. change over time
    •    c. stereotypes

    Ex. The South, Dixie, Sun Belt,Chinatown, North Columbus.
  6. A.  Culture is the body of _______________, _____________, and _______________ that together constitute the _______________ of a group of people.
    B.  Origin of word, culture, is the Latin cultus, which means "to care for".
       1. Two meanings
          a. _______________
          b. _______________
    • customary beliefs
    • material traits
    • social farms
    • distinct tradition

    •    a. to care about
    •    b. to take care of
    • *Geographers study both definitions of culture.
  7. 1. Culture: What People Care About
       a. Geographers study why the customary ideas, beliefs, and values of a people produce a _____________ in a ________________.
       b. Especially important cultural values derive from a group's _____________, ____________, and _____________/

    2. Culture: What People Take Care Of
       a. The second element of culture of interest is production of _____________, such as food, clothing, and shelter that humans need in order to survive and thrive.
    • a. distinctive culture 
    • a. particular p;ace
    •    b. language
    •    b. religion
    •    b. ethnicity

    a. material wealth
Card Set:
Key Issue # 2: Why Is Each Place on Earth Unique
2017-08-16 08:58:16
AP Geography CHS
AP Geography
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