nucleic acid

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  1. biological polymers made from nucleoitde monomers
    nucleic acids
  2. nucleic acids are made up of repeating molecules called
    nucleotides
  3. 3 components of nucleotide
    • sugar
    • nitrogenous base 
    • phosphate group
  4. discovered DNA structure
    • James Watson
    • Francis Crick
  5. 2 important characteristics of DNA strands
    • complementary
    • antiparallel
  6. DNA types of amino acids
    • adenine (A)
    • cytosin (C)
    • guanine (G)
    • thymine (T)
  7. DNA 
    A pairs with
    T
  8. shape of DNA
    • double helix
    • double strand molecule
  9. composition of RNA nucleotide
    • ribose sugar
    • nitrogenous base 
    • phosphate group
  10. RNA is transcribed from DNA by enzymes called
    RNA polymerase
  11. RNA is central to the synthesis of?
    proteins
  12. ribosomes are made from
    • proteins
    • ribosomal RNA
  13. 3 types of RNA in the cell
    • Messenger RNA (mRNA)
    • Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
    • Transfer RNA (tRNA)
  14. a molecule of RNA encoding chemical blueprint for protein product
    mRNA
  15. transcribed from DNA template
    mRNA
  16. carries coding information to the sites of protein synthesis
    mRNA
  17. mediates recognition of codon and provides corresponding amino acid
    tRNA
  18. central component of ribosome's protein manufacturing machinery
    rRNA
  19. genes are arranged ____ along long chains of DNA sequence called ____
    • linearly
    • chromosomes
  20. largest human chromosome
    247 million base pair in length
  21. the full set of hereditary material in an organism
    genome
  22. the genome of an organism is its hereditary information encoded in
    DNA
  23. genome coined by
    Hans Winkler
  24. genome is a portmanteau of
    • gene 
    • chromosome
  25. process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product
    gene expression
  26. the product of gene expression
    protein
  27. gene expression is done in what two (2) steps?
    • DNA transcription
    • mRNA translation
  28. the process of making an RNA copy of a single gene
    DNA transcription
  29. enzyme used in DNA transcription
    RNA polymerase
  30. the genetic code in mRNA is translated into proteins by?
    ribosomes
  31. each __ nucleotides in ____ form a ___
    • 3
    • mRNA
    • codon
  32. each codon specifies ____ amino acid
    one

Card Set Information

Author:
summerdhon
ID:
333668
Filename:
nucleic acid
Updated:
2017-08-23 16:18:07
Tags:
cytop
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cytop
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