Biochem 1

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Author:
desert
ID:
33373
Filename:
Biochem 1
Updated:
2010-09-10 00:41:10
Tags:
biochem
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Description:
Structures to know
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  1. Ethyl Group
    -CH2-CH3, hydrophobic alkyl functional group derived from ethane C2H6
  2. Methyl
    -CH3, hydrophobic alkyl functional group derived from methane
  3. Carborxyl group
    • C-OH or -COOH
    • ||
    • O
  4. hydroxyl group
    -OH, alcohol group, hydrophilic and can increase water solubility, predominant in carbohydrates, can form hydrogen bonds
  5. Phosphoryl group
    , important for protein function
  6. Phosphoanhydride group
    • Two bonded phosphoryl group
  7. Mixed anhydride
    • Also called acyl phosphate
  8. Amino group
    -NH2
  9. Guanidino group
  10. Anhydride group
    • Two carboxylic acids
  11. Alanine
    • 
    • Nonpolar, aliphatic
  12. Glycine
    • Nonpolar, aliphatic
  13. Proline
    • Nonpolar, aliphatic
  14. Valine
    • Nonpolar, aliphatic
  15. Leucine
    • Nonpolar, aliphatic
  16. Isoleucine
    • Nonpolar, aliphatic
  17. Methionine
    • Nonpolar, aliphatic
  18. Serine
    • Polar, uncharged
  19. Threonine
    • Polar, uncharged
  20. Cysteine
    • Polar, uncharged
  21. Asparagine
    • Polar, uncharged
  22. Glutamine
    • Polar, uncharged
  23. Phenylalanine
    • Aromatic
  24. Tyrosine
    • Aromatic
  25. Tryptophan
    • Aromatic
  26. Lysine
    • Positively charged
  27. Arginine
    • Positively charged
  28. Histidine
    • Positively Charged
  29. Aspartate (Aspartic acid)
    • Negatively Charged
  30. Glutamate (glutamic acid)
    • Negatively charged

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