PEOPLE IN ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING

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  1. Hydraulic Civilization Theory
    Karl Wittfogel
  2. Renaissance Man
    Radial Urban Model
    Leon Battista Alberti
  3. Was an Italian humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher and cryptographer.
    Leon Battista Alberti
  4. Planned Washington, DC
    Pierre Charles L’Enfant
  5. Planned Paris
    Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann
  6. Commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte
    Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann
  7. Plan for London (1666) and St. Paul’s Cathedral
    Sir Christopher Wren
  8. Planned Linear New Town for Edinburg
    James Craig
  9. Conceptualized “Village of Unity and Mutual Cooperation
    Robert Owen
  10. Prepared “London and Westminster Improved”
    John Gwynn
  11. Proposed utopian community called “Victoria”

    Population of 10,000
    James Buckingham
  12. Father of American Landscape Architecture
    Central Park
    Frederick Law Olmstead
  13. Conceptualized Garden Cities
    Garden Cities of To-morrow (1902), revised from Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform (1898)
    Ebenezer Howard
  14. 3 Magnets: Town, Country and Town-Country
    58,000 in the central city, 32,000 in the garden cities
    1,000 acres for each garden city
    Ebenezer Howard
  15. Architects who built the first Garden Cities and Letchworth and Welwyn
    Raymond Unwin and Barry Parker
  16. Planned San Francisco, Manila, Baguio
    Father of American Modern Architecture
    Daniel Hudson Burnham
  17. Radiant City (Le Ville Radieuse)

    Part of the City Beautiful Movement
    Charles Edouard Jeanneret (Le Corbusier)
  18. Conceptualized Linear City
    Don Arturo Soria y Mata
  19. Father of Urban Planning in Canada
    Founded the British Town Planning Institute
    Concepts of Planning in Legislation
    First manager of Letchworth
    Rural Planning and Development
    Thomas Adams
  20. Organizer of the RPAA
    Clarence Stein
  21. Appalachian Trail
    The New Exploration: A Philosophy of Regional Planning
    Benton MacKaye
  22. Father of Regional Planning
    Survey Analysis Plan
    Cities in Evolution
    Sir Patrick Geddes
  23. Multi-disciplinary Planning
    The Culture of Cities
    The Story of Utopia
    Lewis Mumford
  24. County of London Plan (1943)
    Greater London Regional Plan (1944)
    Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie
  25. 1.25M people were dispersed to new towns and rural areas.
    • County of London Plan (1943)
    • Greater London Regional Plan (1944)
  26. Funder of the RPAA
    Alexander Bing
  27. Superblock
    Analyst

    RPAA pioneer
    Together with Clarence Stein, worked on the Sunnyside Homes
    Henry Wright
  28. Advocated for Public and Social Housing
    Modern Housing
    Used to be a member of the RPAA
    Catherine Bauer Wurster
  29. Broadacre City
    The Disappearing City
    Frank Lloyd Wright
  30. Broadacre cities as the antithesis to cities and transit-oriented developments.
    One acre per family.
    Frank Lloyd Wright
  31. Neighborhood Unit
    Clarence Perry
  32. 5000 to 9000 residents in 160 acres
    10% open space
    • Neighborhood Unit
    • Clarence Perry
  33. First Attempt at Zoning

    In New York
    Edward Bassett
  34. Linear Industrial City (Une Cite Industrielle)

    For 35,000 inhabitants.
    Removal of law enforcement and churches.
    Tony Garnier
  35. Championed diversity and mixed-use neighborhoods
    The Death and Life of American Cities
    The Economy of Cities

    Openly opposed Robert Moses.
    Jane Jacobs
  36. Launched a Global Environmental Movement
    Silent Spring
    Rachel Carson
  37. Pioneered Ecological Planning and GIS
    Design with Nature

    Also pioneered the technique of sieve mapping.
    Ian McHarg
  38. Advocated that plans should be in dynamic and not static terms.
    Developed Transport and Land Use Study
    Rapkin
  39. Penn-Jersey Transportation Study
    Wesley Mitchell
  40. Urban transportation as basic spatial organizer
    Lowdon Wingo and Harvey S. Perloff
  41. Garin-Lowry Spatial Allocation Model (Gravity Model)
    Robert Garin and Ira Lowry
  42. Ladder of Citizen Participation
    Maximum Feasible ManipulationA Working Model for Public Participation
    Sherry Arnstein
  43. Citizen Power: Partnership, Delegated Power, Citizen Control
    Tokenism: Informing, Consultation, Placation
    Nonparticipation: Manipulation, Therapy
    Sherry Arnstein
  44. Incrementalism Model of Planning
    Incrementalism as “muddling through”
    Lindblom
  45. Cybernetics Approach of Planning
    Norbert Weiner
  46. Advocacy Planning
    Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning
    Paul Davidoff
  47. Conflict Confrontation as Philosophy in Community Organizing
    Rules for Radicals
    Saul David Alinsky
  48. Ekistics
    Introduction to Ekistics
    Action for Human Settlements

    In the year 2100, Earth would have 50 Billion population and zero population growth.
    Constantinos Apostolos Doxiadis
  49. Agricultural Rent
    The Isolated State
    Johann Heinrich von Thünen
  50. Bid-Rent Theory
    William Alonso
  51. Concentric Zone Theory
    Ernest Burgess
  52. Sector or Hoyt Model

    Activities expand outward in a wedge.
    Homer Hoyt
  53. Multiple Nuclei Model
    Chauncy Harris and Edward Ullman
  54. Central Place

    K=3 marketing principle
    K=4 transport/traffic principle
    K=7 Administrative principle
    Walter Christaller
  55. Growth Poles

    Scale and agglomeration economies.
    Francois Perroux
  56. Core-Periphery
    Agropolis
    Planning in the Public Domain: From Knowledge to Action
    John Friedmann
  57. Least Cost Theory of Industrial Location
    Agglomeration/Deglomeration
    Material Index
    Alfred Weber
  58. Regional Science
    Location and Space Economy
    Industrial Complex Analysis and Regional Development
    Methods of Regional Analysis
    Walter Isard
  59. Thunnen’s Agricultural Rings (Theory of Rent)
    The Isolated State
    Johann Henrick von Thunnen
  60. Location Quotient

    Looking at Basic Industries (exporting surplus) and Non-Basic Industries (service) that support the basic industries.
    Richard Klosterman and Robert Murray Haig
  61. Megalopolis
    Megalopolis: The Urbanized Northeastern Seaboard of the United States
    Jean Gottman
  62. Marxist Theory
    The Communist Manifesto

    Cofounded Marxist theory
    Friedrich Engels
  63. - Malthusian Trap
    - An Essay on the Principle of Population
    - The Nature of Rent
    - Principles of Political Economy
    Thomas Malthus
  64. - That population grows geometrically while food grows arithmetically.
    - Population tends to take advantage of the food surplus until the food supply is reconstrained.
    Thomas Malthus
  65. - Tragedy of the Commons
    - Individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good by collectively depleting the resource.
    William Forster Lloyd and Garrett Hardin
  66. - Keynesian Income Multiplier
    - The bigger the consumption and the lower the taxes, the higher the income multiplier.
    John Maynard Keynes
  67. - GDP as Expenditure
    - GDP as Income
    - Cycle of Poverty: Low Consumption, Low Demand
    Simon Kuznets
  68. - Pareto Optimality for Cost Benefit Analysis
    Vilfredo Pareto
  69. - Rostow’s Stages of Growth (Theory of Economic Modernization)
    - Virtuous Cycle of Growth
    - Cycle of Poverty
    - The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto
    Walt Rostow
  70. - Traditional society
    - Pre-conditions for take-off
    - Take-off
    - Drive to maturity
    - Age of mass consumption
    Walt Rostow
  71. - Circuits of Capital
    - Financial ventures are the fastest at providing returns, followed by commercial ventures and lastly by manufacturing.
    David Harvey
  72. - Cumulative Causation
    - Backwash and Spread Effects
    - Spread effects of additional industries that locate in an area.
    - “The rich get richer and the poor get poorer.”
    Gunnar Myrdal
  73. - Input-Output Model
    - Was helped by Walter Isard
    Wassily Leontief
  74. - Human Development Index
    - Categorizes into Low, Medium or High Human Development Countries
    - Income Index: GNI per capita
    - Life Expectancy Index: Life expectancy at birth
    - Education Index: Years of schooling
    Mahbub ul Haq and Amartya Sen
  75. - Lorenz Curve
    - Used to represent income distribution, biodiversity and business modeling.
    Max Lorenz
  76. - Gini Coefficient
    - Used for measure of inequality.
    - 0 describes perfect equality and 1 as perfect inequality.
    - Values below 0 and above 1 are possible.
    Corrado Gini
  77. - Labor Migration Model of Urbanization
    - Migration decision is based on expected income differentials between rural and urban areas rather than just wage differentials
    Michael Todaro
  78. - Urban Forms, Legibility, Mental Maps
    - The Image of The City
    - PLEND: Paths, Landmarks, Edges, Nodes, Districts
    Kevin Lynch
  79. - Defined the Planning Process
    “the process of determining goals and designing the means by which these goals may be achieved.”
    Robert Young
  80. - Defined the Comprehensive Land Use Plan
    - “… a plan that makes provisions for all the uses that the legislative body of that municipality decides are appropriate for location somewhere in that municipality.”
    Hugh Pomeroy
  81. - Defined Goal Formulation
    - “the hingepin on which the rational planning process turns.”
    George Chadwick
  82. - Goal Achievement Matrix
    Morris Hill
  83. - Cost Benefit Analysis
    - Planning Balance Sheet
    Nathaniel Lichfield
  84. - Special Studies
    - Quantifying social activity through statistics
    - Urban Land Use Planning
    - First to write a comprehensive textbook on Urban and Regional planning.
    - Emphasized quantitative statistical tools.
    Francis Stuart Chapin
  85. - “SMART” test for Objectives.
    - SMART: Sustainable, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-bound
    George Doran
  86. - Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
    - A Theory of Human Motivation
    - PSLES: Physiological, Safety, Love/belonging, Esteem, Self-actualization
    Abraham Maslow
  87. - Highest and Best Use
    Raleigh Barlowe

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markharyll
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Filename:
PEOPLE IN ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
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2017-08-29 13:40:06
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PEOPLE ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
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