Citizenship Study Guide

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  1. -Total lack of government.
    Anarchy
  2. -An adjustment of opposing principles of systems by modifying some aspect of each.
    Compromise
  3. -A joining of several groups for a common purpose.
    Confederation
  4. -A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority.
    Dictatorship
  5. -The people vote on every decision.
    Direct Democracy
  6. -A form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments.
    Federal Government
  7. -The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
    Government
  8. -A form of government in which the executive branch is made up of the prime minister, or premier, and that official's cabinet.
    Parliamentary Government
  9. -A form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people.
    Democracy
  10. -A form of government in which the executive and legislative branches of the governemnt are separate, independent, and coequal.
    Presidential Government
  11. -All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the many areas of human affairs in which it is involved.
    Public Policy
  12. -People elect representatives to make decisions for them.
    Representative Democracy
  13. -The state has supreme and absolute power within its territory.
    Sovereignty
  14. -A body of people living in a defined territory who have a government with he power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
    State
  15. -A centralized government in which all Government powers belong to a single, central agency.
    Unitary Government
  16. -Plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown.
    Albany Plan of Union
  17. -Those persons who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788.
    Anti-Federalists
  18. -Plan of Government adopted by the Continental Congress after the American Revolution; established "a firm league of friendship" among the states, but allowed few important powers to the central government.
    Articles of Confederation
  19. -An adjective describing a legislative body composed of two chambers.
    Bicameral
  20. -Refusal to buy or sell certain products or services.
    Boycott
  21. -A city's basic law, its constitution; a written grant of authority from the king.
    Charter
  22. -Agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate, in which States would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based on a State's population.
    Connecticut Compromise
  23. -The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government.
    Constitution
  24. -Document written by Parliamnet and agreed on by WIlliam and Mary of England in 1689, designed to prevent abuse of power by ENglish monarchs; forms the basis for much in American government and politics today.
    English Bill of Rights
  25. -Thhose who supported the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788.
    Federalists
  26. -Group of delegates who drafted the United States Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787.
    Framers
  27. -Basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that the government cannot take away.
    Limited Government
  28. -Great Charter forced upon King John of England by his barons in 1215; established that the power of the monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility.
    Magna Carta
  29. -Plan presented as an alternative to the Virginia Plan at the Constitutional Convention; called for a unicameral legislature in which each state would be equally represented.
    New Jersey Plan
  30. -Orderly regulation of relationships with one another.
    Ordered Government
  31. -Document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles I of England in 1628; challenged the idea of divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch was subject to the laws of the land.
    Petition of Right
  32. -To approve.
    Ratify
  33. -System of government in which public policies are made by officials selected by the voters and held accountable in periodic elections.
    Representative Government
  34. -An agreement at the Constitutional Convention to count a slave as three-fifths of a person when determining the population of a State.

    *Every five slaves equals three people.
    Three-Fifths Compromise
  35. -An adjective describing a legislative body with one chamber.
    Unicameral
  36. -Plan presented by delegates from Virginia at the Constitutional Convention; called for a three-branch government with a bicameral legislature in which each states' membership would be determined by its population or its financial support for the central government.
    Virginia Plan
  37. What are the four major theories about the origin of the state?
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    • 1. Force Theory
    • 2. Evolution Theory
    • 3. Divine Right 
    • 4. Social Contract Theory
  38. List four characteristics of a state.

    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    • 1. Population
    • 2. Territory
    • 3. Government 
    • 4. Sovereignty
  39. What are the five basic concepts of democracy?

    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.
    • 1. Worth of the individual
    • 2. Equality of all people
    • 3. Majority Rule and Minority Right
    • 4. Need for Compromise 
    • 5. Individual Freedom
  40. Who holds the power in a democracy?
    The people
  41. Which theory about how states began influenced American government?
    The Social Contract Theory
  42. How is a direct democracy different from a representative governemnt?
    In a Direct Democracy, the people vote on every decision. While in a Representative Deomcracy, people elect representatives to make decisions for them.
  43. Does the United States have a completely free society?
    No, or else that would be Anarchy.
  44. What are the three things which American colonists based their government?

    1.
    2.
    3.
    • 1. Ordered Governemnt 
    • 2. Limited Government
    • 3. Representative Government
  45. Who wrote most of the Declaration of Indepnedence?
    Thomas Jefferson
  46. What served as the first national government for the United States?
    Second Continental Congress
  47. Why were the Articles of Confederation considered too weak?

    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.
    6.
    7.
    8.
    • 1. One vote for each state, regardless of size.
    • 2. Congress was powerless to start and collect taxes or duties.
    • 3. Congress was powerless to regulate foreign and inner comers.
    • 4. No executive to enforce acts of Congress.
    • 5. No national court system.
    • 6. Ammendments only with consent of all states.
    • 7. A 9/13 majority was required to pass laws.
    • 8. Articles were only a firm league of friendship.
  48. Why is James Madison called the "Father of the Constitution"?
    His ideas for the Virginia Plan were the main ones used for the Connecticut Compromise.
  49. Who were the first President and Vice President of the United States?
    George Washington was the first President of the United STates, while John Adams was the first Vice President of the United States.

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Author:
dearmaria1
ID:
334010
Filename:
Citizenship Study Guide
Updated:
2017-09-07 01:10:40
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