DCASE Mod 7

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  1. GFE Main Reference
    • NSTM 074 V3
    • aka GFE Manual
  2. GFE Instruction
    • Developed by the DCA and signed by the CO
    • Sample contained in 074V3 App C
    • Details shipboard policies for NORMAL GAS FREE EVOLUTIONS
  3. Gas Free Notebook Contents
    • Gas Free Instruction
    • Active Gas Free Chits
    • Inactive Gas Free Chits (1 yr)
    • Gas Free Engineering Procedural Working Guide
    • IDLH Space Emergency Entry Checklist
    • Closed Compartment Opening Request Form
  4. Toxic Gas Bill
    • Required by SORM
    • Developed by the DCA and signed by the CO (as part of the RPM)
  5. All Hands GFE Training Requirements
    • UPON REPORTING + ANNUALLY
    • -Recognizing hazards
    • -Identifying confined spaces and precautions regarding confined space entry
    • -Requesting Gas Free Services
    • -Helping shipmates in an emergency
  6. What instruction or bill outlines the requirements to be met in the event of an emergency GFE evolution?
    Toxic Gas Bill
  7. What are the two purposes
    of the Gas Free Engineering program?
    • To ensure a safe working and living environment for the crew
    • To provide an all hands hazard awareness training program
  8. GFE Requirements
    • 1 per Ship
    • E-7 or above (USN) 
    • CO’s Designation Letter
    • Valid CPR Quals
    • Formal School
    • 40 Hours Practical Work
    • Emergency Rescue Training
  9. GFEA Requirements
    • 1 per Ship (CO optional)
    • E-6 or Above
    • CO’s Designation Letter
    • Valid CPR Quals
    • Formal School
    • 40 Hours Practical Work
    • Emergency Rescue Training
  10. GFE OJT Waiver
    • C.O. May Waive Requirement for 40 Hours of Practical Training in Writing if:
    • Candidate Has Graduated from Approved Training Within Past 36 Months
    • Unit Does Not Have Qualified GFE Onboard
  11. GFEPO
    • 1 per IET, DCRS and ASFP (minimum)
    • E-4 or above
    • CO’s Designation Letter
    • Valid CPR Quals
    • Formal School
    • PQS NAVEDTRA 43704 (316)
    • Emergency Rescue Training
  12. GFE Program Annual Evaluation
    • Required by the CO once a year
    • Conducted by Safety Officer
    • Gas Free Engineering Program Checklist shall be used
    • Evaluates:
    • -GFE Personnel recertification
    • -Crew Training
    • -Equipment
    • -Qualifications and Letters of Designation
    • -Administration
    • Safety Officer and GFE will maintain copies
  13. GFE Personnel Recert Requirements
    • 1.Annual Verification of CPR
    • 2.Refresher Emergency Rescue Training
    • 3.Engaged in GFE During the Year
    • Issued 10 Certificates
    • If Above Has Not Been Satisfied, Complete 5 Gas Free Evolutions Under Supervision of a Certified GFE
    • If Above Is Not Possible, Complete an Oral/Written Exam & a Practical Exercise
  14. When May the GFE 40 hour OJT requirement be waived?
    • 1.Graduated Formal School Within 36 months of reporting.
    • 2.Unit does not have a qualified GFE aboard.
    • 3.Service member is a USCG Engineering Petty Officer.
  15. Permissible Exposure Limit
    The maximum permissible concentration of a toxic agent to which personnel may be exposed.
  16. IDLH Limits
    • Oxygen content < 19.5 or > 22%
    • Flammable vapors at a concentration of ≥ 10% of the LEL
    • Presence of toxicants above NIOSH IDLH limits
  17. IDLH PPE Requirements
    • Supplied Air Respirator in pressure demand mode (SCBA) or Supplied Air Respirator (SAR)w/
    • 15 minute backup Air (SCBA)
  18. PEL PPE Requirements
    • Respiratory Protection Mandatory
    • (Filter Type Respirator or Supplied Air Respirator as Appropriate)
  19. < 19.5% oxygen in space
    • IDLH
    • Require CO Permission to enter
  20. CO Characteristics
    • #1 KILLER OF SAILORS
    • COLORLESS, ODORLESS, TASTELESS
    • LIGHTER THAN AIR
    • SUBTLE ASPHYXIANT
    • FLAMMABLE
    • Where is it found?
    • P-100s, Post-Fire Atmosphere, Welding, Diesel Generators, Paint Drying
  21. H2S Characteristics
    • #2 Killer of Sailors
    • COLORLESS GAS WITH
    • ROTTEN EGG SMELL*
    • HEAVIER THAN AIR
    • FLAMMABLE
    • Attacks Nerves: Apnea, Coma
    • Where is it found?
    • FIREMAIN
    • AFFF SYSTEM
    • ROTTING FOOD
    • GARBAGE GRINDER
    • SEWAGE SPACES
  22. CO2 Characteristics
    • Colorless, Odorless, Tasteless
    • HEAVIER THAN AIR
    • Blunt Asphyxiant
    • NON-FLAMMABLE    
    • Where is it found? Portable CO2/CO2 Flooding Systems
  23. Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Characteristics
    • DARK BROWN, PUNGENT GAS
    • HEAVIER THAN AIR
    • NON FLAMMABLE
    • CHOKING AGENT
    • Where is it found? Hot Work, Fires, Combustion Engines, Burning Polyester/Nylon
  24. Methane (CH4) Characteristics
    • Colorless, odorless, and lighter than air.
    • It is a product of aerobic decay of organic materials such as those found in CHT systems.
    • Flammable
  25. Hydrogen Characteristics
    • Flammable, explosive, lighter than air
    • Can be created by rust
    • Where is it found? Battery charging spaces
  26. FREON/R-134A Characteristics
    • Colorless/Odorless
    • Heavier than air
    • Non-flammable
    • Frostbite
    • Attacks CNS, asphyxiates
    • heat creates phosgene gas
  27. Ammonia (NH3) Characteristics
    • Pungent Odor
    • Lighter than air
    • Flammable
    • Choking Agent
    • Where is it found? Cleaning products, urinals
  28. HALON 1301/HFP Characteristics
    • Colorless/Odorless
    • 5x heavier than air
    • non-flammable
    • frostbite danger + attacks CNS
  29. Name 4 Toxicants that are HEAVIER than Air:
    CO2, H2S, HALON, Refrigerants
  30. Name 3 Toxicants which are LIGHTER than Air:
    CO, Hydrogen, Methane
  31. GFE Pre-Inspection Procedures
    • Assign personnel (fire watches, compartment testing, etc.)
    • Determine ventilation requirements
    • Conduct safety brief
    • tag out space, set up safety equipment
    • secure area, conduct ORM
  32. Closed Compartment Opening + Test Procedures
    • 1. Drop Test (if IDLH, need CO permission to enter)
    • 2. Ventilate at least 2 complete air changes (regardless of IDLH)
    • 3. 2nd drop test, reventilate + retest if required
    • 4. Enter for visual inspection and in-space atmospheric test
    • 5. Exit, fill out, post certificates
  33. 10 point test
    • used for large spaces
    • test top, middle, bottom + all pockets
  34. Where must you post gas free certs?
    • Gas Free Files
    • OOD/Quarterdeck
    • All accesses + main entrance to space
    • Division requesting services
    • DC Central
  35. Post Inspection Procedures
    • Fire Watch remains for 30 mins or until area is cool to touch (whichever longer)
    • Conduct final inspection w/ requesting activity
    • Inventory
    • Secure Access to space
    • Restow Gear
    • Remove all gas free certs
  36. Retainability for GF cert in GF Log
    Retain for 1 year
  37. Gas Free Notebook Contents
    • –Ship’s Gas Free Instruction
    • –Active Gas Free Chits
    • –Inactive Gas Free Chits
    • Chits retained for 1 year
  38. Gas Free Cert good for
    8 hours
  39. GF/Hot Work: CO Permissions
    • Gas freeing IDLH space
    • Gas freeing for civilian contractors
    • Gas freeing for foreigner overseas
    • Hot Work adjacent to Magazines (never above or within 5 feet)
  40. Hot Work Chit/GF Distribution
    • All accesses to the space
    • GFE Files (original)
    • Division requesting services
    • DC Central
    • Officer of the Deck (Inport or Underway
  41. What are the requirements for a space to be considered “Safe for Personnel/Safe for Hot Work”?
    • 19.5% < O2 < 22 .0%
    • Toxins less than PEL
    • All Flammables removed (LEL = 0)
    • All boundary spaces protected
  42. Oxygen Deficiency
    Occurs in Confined Spaces when oxygen is displaced or consumed (less than 19.5%)
  43. Classes of Respiratory Protection Equipment
    • Air Purifying
    • Supplied Air
  44. Pressure demand mode (respiratory protection)
    • Continuous positive pressure within face piece
    • Prevents leakage into face piece
    • SCBA (Scott Air Pack)
    • SAR with SCBA
  45. What publication would you find information on color coding for air purifying respirator cartridges?
    NAVOSH Manual (5100.19E)
  46. VENTILATION PRIOR TO ENTRY
    Minimum 2 complete air changes
  47. Types of Ventilation
    • GENERAL
    • LOCAL EXHAUST
    • DILUTION
  48. Local Exhaust Ventilation
    • Captures contaminants as they are generated
    • Draws them through exhaust ductwork intake positioned 6-10 inches from work generating contaminants
    • Effective for welding and solvent cleaning
    • Exhaust only
    • 100 Linear FPM
  49. Ram Fan Ducting Limitation
    Maximum of three 15 ft ducts per fan
  50. When may air be blown into a space vs. drawn out of a space?
    • No flammables present or being generated
    • No toxics present or being generated
    • Only to provide clean air for breathing and comfort
  51. THE DILUTION VENTILATION FORMULA STATES YOU SHOULD HAVE ____ COMPLETE AIR CHANGE EVERY _____ MINUTES.
    • 1 air change
    • every 3 mins
  52. Explain “Short Circuiting” as it applies to Ventilation.

    How To remedy the problem?
    • –Source of Make-Up air is too close to exhaust inlet ducting
    • –Place trunk further into space
  53. Hot Work definition & examples
    • Any operation occurring in the presence of flammables which requires the use or the presence of an ignition source.
    • Spark-Producing Tools
    • Arc-Producing Equipment
    • Grinders > 3” diameter
    • Open Flames or Embers
  54. When Class Alpha materials are exposed, hot work is divided into 2 classes
    • High Energy (Scattered Sparks)
    • Minimal Energy (Localized Sparks)
  55. Firewatch remains on station until
    • 30 mins
    • or until material is cool to touch
    • (whichever is longer)
  56. 5 ft Rule
    NO HOT WORK IS ALLOWED IN SPACES ABOVE , OR WITHIN 5 FT OF A LOADED MAGAZINE
  57. Which Class of Hot Work ALWAYS requires a Fire Watch?
    Class I : High Energy Sparks
  58. Flammables Must be Moved How Far From Work Site?
    35 ft
  59. Surface Coatings Should be Cleared Away How Many Inches?
    4"
  60. What are some general safety precautions required to be followed for tank cleaning?
    Smoking lamp out, 200’ exclusion zone, PPE, safety observer, non-spark producing tools, continuous ventilation, SAR, etc.
  61. What is the preferred medium for inerting?
    Dry Nitrogen
  62. VCHT Modes of Operation
    • In-Port: all waste drains to tank, then pier riser
    • Transit: use within 3 nm of coastline. Blackwater goes to tank, greywater below waterline goes to tank
    • At Sea: black + grey water overboard
  63. Safe for hotwork general criteria
    • Oxygen between 19.5% And 22%
    • Toxics below PEL
    • All flammables removed
    • Boundary Spaces Protected
  64. Options for Ventilation
    • Local Exhaust Ventilation (i.e. welding/painting/solvents)
    • Dilution Ventilation (reduce toxins)
    • General Ventilation (provide comfort air in a hazard-free atmosphere)
  65. When can a civilian GF for you?
    • QA only
    • (at CO's discretion)
  66. 1st Aid Priorities
    • 1.C A B’s
    • (Circulation/Airway/Breathing)
    • 2.Control Bleeding
    • 3.Treat for Shock
    • 4.Treat Broken Bones
    • 5.Get Casualty to Medical
  67. 1st Responder Actions
    • 1. Report Casualty
    • 2. Survey area for danger
    • 3. Check for response
    • 4. Check circulation
    • 5. Check the airway
    • 6. Check for breathing
    • 7. Stop bleeding
    • 8. Treat for shock
    • 9. Treat broken bones
  68. # of stretchers you should have onboard
    IAW ship’s Authorized Minimal Medical Allowance List
  69. Stretcher Types
    • Stokes Stretcher
    • Miller Board (Backboard)
    • Army Litter
    • Reeve Sleeve 2
  70. Stokes Stretcher Pros/Cons
    • Pros: Good for helo transfer
    • Cons: Poor Spinal support, bad in narrow p-ways
  71. Miller Body Board Pros/Cons
    • Pros: Immobilizes spine, lightweight
    • Cons: Awkward to hold, slippery&narrow
  72. Army Litter Cons
    Cannot strap down
  73. BDS Purpose & Watchstanders
    • Provide Alternate Sites for corpsman to Assess/Treat During Emergencies
    • 4 Stretcher Bearers & Phone Talker
  74. How often are BDS' Inventoried?
    • Semi-Annually
    • (IAW CNSL/SP INST 6000)
  75. DCA Personnel Casualty Responsibilities
    • Assist Medical in Training and Drilling
    • Monitor Personal Qual (PQS) Progress
    • Maintain Communications Between BDS and DCRS
    • Provide Safe Route
  76. RPL Personnel Casualty Responsibilities
    • Assign Stretcher Bearers
    • (NOT from Primary Fire Attack Team)
    • Send S/Bs as Required
    • Maintain Comms
    • Track Injuries
  77. Who is Responsible for Assigning a Medical Department Representative to DCTT?
    Senior Medical Rep/IDC
  78. GFE Requirements
    • 1 per Ship
    • E-7 or Above
    • CO’s Designation Letter
    • Annual CPR Verification
    • Formal School
    • 40 Hours Practical Work U/I (waiverable)
  79. GFEA Requirements
    • 1 per Ship
    • E-6 or Above
    • CO’s Designation Letter
    • Annual CPR Verification
    • Formal School
  80. GFEPO Requirements
    • 1 per IET (minimum)
    • E-4 or above
    • CO’s Designation Letter
    • Annual CPR Verification
    • Formal School
    • PQS (NAVEDTRA 43704, 316)
  81. Ignition Temp
    Minimum temperature at which self sustained combustion occurs without an external ignition source
  82. Fire Point
    Temperature at which sufficient vapors are released to support continuous combustion once ignited.
  83. Flash Point
    Minimum temperature at which sufficient vapors are released to form an ignitable mixture.
  84. Ammo/Hot Work Rules
    • Remove Ammunition Prior to Availability or Overhaul
    • No Hot Work in Any Space Containing Ammunition
    • CO Must Approve in Writing any Hot Work in Adjacent Spaces
    • Apply 5 ft. Rule for Adjacent Spaces
  85. Additive Effect Described
    “If there is more than one toxicant product in a space undergoing testing, the cumulative effects of the two or more products may be above unity, even though the PELs for any one of the products has not been exceeded.”
  86. NSTM 593
    Pollution Control (Sect. 4 Sewage)
  87. NSTM 631
    Preservation of Ships in Service (Sect. 2 Safety Information)
  88. NAVSEA OP-4
    Ammunition Afloat (Chpt 2 General Regulations)
  89. What is NIOSH and what do they do?
    • NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTH (NIOSH)
    • Tests & approves respiratory equipment
    • Recommends toxic exposure limits to OSHA
  90. Tank cleaning Methods
    • CHEMICAL
    • BUTTERWORTHING
    • STEAM
    • WATER WASH
    • BIOLOGICAL
  91. Steam Cleaning
    • CANNOT BE USED ON PLASTIC OR EPOXY COATED TANKS (JP-5)
    • USED TO STEAM OUT MOGAS TANKS
    • TEMP MAY NOT EXCEED 230F
    • APPLY 50 OR 150 PSI STEAM FOR A PERIOD OF 24 HOURS THROUGH TANK TOP CONNECTION
  92. Inerting/Pressing Up/Steam Blanketing
    • GASES USED:
    • –CO2 (HEAVIER THAN AIR)
    • –N2 (LIGHTER THAN AIR & PREFERRED MEDIUM)
    • –MAINTAIN <1% O2 CONCENTRATION

    • WORK AREA OUTSIDE SPACE SHALL BE CERTIFIED AND MAINTAINED AS “SAFE FOR HOT WORK”
    • DISPOSE OF DISPLACED VAPOR AND INERTING MEDIUM SAFELY
  93. Reqd Emergency Rescue Equipment
    • 5 SCBAs: 2 PASPs 5-RASPs 55 minutes of air per PASP (1 Bottle)
    • 4 Safety Harnesses, Safety Lines
    • 2 Radios or 3 S.P. headsets w/salt & pepper reel on scene.
    • First Aid Kit & Stretcher
    • Chain Fall
    • Detection Equipment
    • Explosion-Proof Flashlights, Drop Lights, or Chem Lights Additional PPE as required.
  94. SAR w/SCBA Times
    • PASP: 55 Mins
    • RASP: 110 Mins
    • SCBA: 15 Mins
    • Control Panel Assembly: 60-80 PSI
  95. SAR Advantages over SCBA
    • Longer stay time
    • 15 mins back up air
    • ease in rescue
    • ease in egress
  96. Primary Rescue Team
    One Investigator & One Rescuer

    Initial Contact, Assessment & Safe Removal

    Inv. has Comms
  97. Secondary Rescue Team
    GFE Determines Number ( 2+1 min.) (+1 is line tender)

    Don Respiratory Protection & Standby to Assist Primary Rescue Team
  98. Attendants (GFE)
    One Per Rescuer

    Help to Don Gear

    Tend Safety Lines & Chain Fall

    Tend SAR/SCBA Air Hoses

    Comms w/ Space
  99. Emergency Rescue Teams
    • Primary
    • Secondary
    • Attendants
  100. Draeger Tube Procedures (1 of 2)
    • Insert unbroken tube
    • Squeeze bellows
    • Wait 30 minutes
    • Chain should still have slack
    • Read instruction sheet
  101. Draeger Tube Procedures (2 of 2)
    • Break off both ends of tube
    • Insert tube into unit so that arrow points to pump
    • Squeeze bellows required # of times (whichever is less on scale)
    • Determine readings
  102. CO Permission Required
    • Gas Freeing an IDLH Space
    • Gas Freeing for Civilian Contractors
    • Gas Freeing for Foreigner Overseas
    • Hot Work within 5 ft of a Magazine
  103. Blowing Air Purpose/Limitations
    No flammables present or being generated

    No toxics present or being generated

    Only to provide clean air for breathing and comfort
  104. General Ventilation
    • Provides uncontaminated air for breathing or general comfort
    • Supply or Exhaust
    • ONE COMPLETE AIR CHANGE EVERY 3 MINUTES
  105. Local Exhaust Ventilation
    • Captures contaminants as they are generated
    • Draws them through exhaust ductwork intake positioned 6-10 inches from work generating contaminants
    • The work zone farthest from the exhaust inlet requires airflow of 100 FPM towards the exhaust.
    • i.e. hot work
  106. Dilution Ventilation Formula
    • One complete air change every 3 minutes
    • If welding, results compared to NSTM 074 VOL 3 requirements on page 74-38
  107. LEL must always be less than
    10%
  108. Name 3 Toxicants that are associated with Sewage:
    H2S, Ammonia, Methane
  109. What Toxicant is associated with Rust?
    Hydrogen
  110. Name 2 Toxicants that can Cause a Sailor to Choke:
    Nitrogen Dioxide, Ammonia
  111. What Toxicants are associated with combustion?
    CO and CO2
  112. When is Oxygen Level Considered IDLH?
    Greater than 22%, Less than 19.5%
  113. When are Explosives Considered IDLH?
    Greater than 10% LEL
  114. Name 4 Toxicants that are HEAVIER than Air:
    CO2, H2S, HALON, FREON
  115. Name 3 Toxicants which are LIGHTER than Air:
    CO, Ammonia, Hydrogen, Methane
  116. What type of information is on an MSDS?
    –General Info

    –Physical/Chem. Characteristics

    –Fire/Explosion Data

    –Reactivity Data

    –Health Hazards

    –Precautions for Safe Handling and Control Measures
  117. Safe For Personnel/Not Safe For Hotwork
    • Toxics below PEL
    • Sufficient oxygen
    • Danger of explosion or excessive toxicants in presence of hot work or hot work not requested
  118. When is a "bump test" required?
    Calibration Gas Test (“Bump Test”)is required in fresh air before each days use
  119. 3 tests on 6 gas
    • bump test
    • fresh air test
    • every 30 day test
  120. RAM FAN 2000
    • 1 1/2 INCH FIREMAIN INLET AND DISCHARGE CONNECTION
    • 2000 CFM WITH 10 INCH VENTILATION DUCT
    • WEIGHS 35 LBS/CAN HAVE 3 DUCTS PER FAN

    • FM OPERATING PRESSURE 40-180 PSI, MAX 250 PSI
    • EXPLOSIONPROOF WHEN GROUNDED

    • –BARE METAL
    • 2 PER DCRS
  121. What Toxic Tests are requiredto be conducted after a class "B" fire?
    • Carbon Dioxide
    • Carbon Monoxide
    • Hydrogen Chloride
    • Hydrogen Cyanide
    • Hydrocarbons
    • (IAW NSTM 555)
  122. Annual GFE Audit Procedures
    • Ship’s Safety Officer Shall Annually Audit GFE Program (NAVOSH 5100.19 series)
    • Audit Follows checklist found at NAVSEA DC website
    • Evaluates the GFE Service Personnel for Recertification
    • Document Crew Training Upon Reporting & Annually
    • GFE Personnel Letter of Designation and Qualifications Shall be Recorded in Individual's Service Record
  123. SHIPBOARD GFE SERVICES FOR CIVILIANS
    NO LEGAL PROVISIONS

    • –EXCEPTIONS:
    • (1) EXTREME EMERGENCY
    • (2) INCREASED POTENTIAL LIABILITY
    • REQUIRES CO AUTHORIZATION
    • GFE MUST PERFORM SERVICES
  124. When May You Gas Free for a Foreign Contractor?
    • Outside US Territorial Waters
    • No Shore Maritime GFE or local Competent Person or Marine Chemist
  125. What is the Procedure for Military & Civilian Dual Occupancy?
    • CIVILIAN CERTIFIES FOR CONTRACTORS AND GFE CERTIFIES FOR SHIP’S CREW
    • GFE WILL INFORM CONTRACTOR REP OF FINDINGS
    • CONTRACTOR SHALL BE INFORMED THAT HE RETAINS LEGAL OBLIGATION FOR SAFETY OF CONTRACTOR PERSONNEL
  126. Closed Compartment Opening Request
    • Can be Locally Produced
    • GFE Management Tool
    • Initial Info and Planning for Gas Free Test
    • Should be Submitted Prior to Evolution
    • (Use piping systems from DC plate, closure log prior to opening)
  127. Hot Work Authorization Request
    • Allows Divisions to Request Hot Work Services
    • Management Tool to Optimize Use of Time, Personnel and Resources
    • Hot Work Certificates:
    • –Gas Free Certificate
    • –Locally Prepared
  128. When to retest (Hotwork)
    • Entry or Work Delay
    • Expiration (8 Hours)
    • Hazards Detected
    • Ship Movement
    • Securing Ventilation
    • New Operations or Materials
    • Closing Space Or Temporary Shutdown
  129. SAFE FOR PERSONNEL/ SAFE FOR HOTWORK
    • Oxygen between 19.5% And 22%
    • Toxics below PEL
    • All flammables removed (LEL is 0)
    • Boundary spaces protected
  130. Application of Cleaning Methods (IDLH Space)
    • OBTAIN CO PERMISSION TO ENTER IDLH SPACE
    • OPEN TANK, CONDUCT DROP TEST AND VENTILATE PER NSTM 074
    • CONDUCT DROP TEST, GFE ENTER TANK USING SUPPLIED AIR BREATHING APPARATUS AND CONDUCT O2, EXPLOSIVE AND TOXIC TESTS
  131. IDLH vs Non-IDLH entering a space and testing
    IDLH requires SAR/SCBA + CO Permission
  132. Continuous vs Periodic Testing
    • Continuous: Every 15 mins
    • Periodic: Anything longer than that

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Author:
esmenikmati
ID:
334234
Filename:
DCASE Mod 7
Updated:
2017-09-18 16:09:15
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DCASE Module Mod
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GFE
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