Infant to Toddler

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  1. Match definitions:

    1. Increase in structure
    2. Increase in function from lower to more advanced stages
    3. increase in competence and adaptability; aging

    a. Maturation
    b. development
    c. growth
    • 1. c
    • 2. b
    • 3. a
  2. Fill in: growth usually doubles at __a__ and triples at __b__.
    • a. 6 months
    • b. 1 year of age
  3. This term refers to growth and development from the head toward the feet
    Cephalocaud
  4. List some critical periods that a child must be introduced to
    First language in the first few years of life, as well as vision
  5. List these growth norms in order

    a. growth spurts
    b. period of decreasing growth and attainment of max height
    c. very rapid
    d. slow, steady
    • 1. c
    • 2. d
    • 3. a
    • 4. b
  6. Fill in average growth of height in inches with each growth period
    1. infant
    2. 1st year
    3. 2nd year
    4. Preschool
    5. 6-10 years
    6. Peak (say at which age for boys and which for girls)
    • 1. infant: 20"
    • 2. 1st year: 10"
    • 3. 2nd year: 5"
    • 4. Preschool: 3"
    • 5. 6-10 years: 2"
    • 6. Peak for boys: 14 y/o, girls: 12 y/o
  7. What is the average birth weight?
    7.5lbs
  8. In average, at 4-7 months of age, a baby's weight will __a__ and by 1 year, it will __b__
    • a. double
    • b. triple
  9. On average, preschool and beyond, a child's weight will increase __a__ lbs per year.
    5
  10. What are the 3 ways bone formation changes after infancy?
    - connective tissue
    - bone and shaft ends
    • 1. fetal development connective tissue becomes cartilage
    • 2. Cartilage persists between the shaft and end of the bone
    • 3. By 5 months gradually replaced by bone
  11. State how many teeth a child will have at each period:
    1. birth
    2. 5-7 months
    3. 1 year
    4. 2.5 years
    • 1. birth: have all deciduous teeth 
    • 2. 2 lower
    • 3. 6 teeth
    • 4. 20 teeth
  12. Can you use tetracycline with babies? Why or why not?
    No: it may cause reduced growth of some bones, and permanent discoloration of teeth
  13. A baby will be amylase deficient until the age of...

    A. 3 years
    B. 1 year
    C. 3 months
    D. 1 months
    C. 3 months
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. What is age appropriate to start teaching a child to use a cup?
    8-10 months
  15. A child should have 3 meals/day by __a__ year. Or every couple of hours
    1 year
  16. T or F: Swallowing will not be effective until the 3rd month, drooling common.
    False: 6 months
  17. On average, a baby's immune system will start functioning at __a__ months and complete at __b__ years.
    • a. 2 months
    • b. 2 years
  18. Match how the baby receives each:
    1. IgG
    2. IgA
    3. IgM

    a. Produced by baby
    b. Breastfed
    c. Placenta
    • 1. c
    • 2. b
    • 3. a
  19. When will IgA, IgE and IgD be plentiful for a child?
    Not til preschool
  20. ___ is found in colustrum and vital to protect the GI

    A. IgD
    B. IgG
    C. IgA
    D. IgM
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. T or F: a baby will have the ability to adjust to cold temperatures by 6 months
    true
  22. What are normal HR at birth and 1 year?
    • birth: 110-160
    • 1 year: 100-120
  23. If pulse slows with inhalation, this could be a sign of ____
    sinus arrhythmia
  24. At what age will a child's cardio/resp. system be close to adult norms?
    10 year
  25. T or F: a child's chest and head are equal by the 2nd year
    False: 1st year
  26. At what age will a child have all primary teeth?
    30 months
  27. What are the differences of the fontanels of a infant vs. toddler
    • Infant: posterior is closed by 6-8 weeeks, anterior remains open 
    • Toddler: anterior closes between 12-18 months
  28. At birth to 3 months, what can the child do with each category:
    1. Personal-social
    2. Fine motor
    3. Language
    4. Gross motor
    • 1. smiles responsively then spontaneously
    • 2. Grasps rattle and hold hands together
    • 3. Laughs, squeals, vocalizes without crying
    • 4. Lifts head
  29. At 4-6 months, , what can the child do with each category:
    1. Personal-social
    2. Fine motor
    3. Language
    4. Gross motor
    • 1. works for toy, begins holding holding bottle
    • 2. palmer grasp, reaches for objects
    • 3. turns towards voice, imitates speech
    • 4. some weight bearing, sits with support, no head lag
  30. At 7-9 months, , what can the child do with each category:
    1. Personal-social
    2. Fine motor
    3. Language
    4. Gross motor
    • 1. indicates wants, pat-a-cake, bye bye, stranger anxiety 
    • 2. Crude pincer grasp, takes  cubes and bangs, passes hand to hand
    • 3. nonspecific jabbers
    • 4. creeps, pulls to stand
  31. At 10-12 months, what can the child do with each category:
    1. Personal-social
    2. Fine motor
    3. Language
    4. Gross motor
    • 1. plays ball, imitates activities, drinks from cup
    • 2. neat pincer grasp
    • 3. specific jabber
    • 4. stands alone, begins walking
  32. At 12-18 months, what can the child do with each category:
    1. Personal-social
    2. Fine motor
    3. Language
    4. Gross motor
    • 1. imitates housework, uses spoons, removes clothes, drinks from cup
    • 2. scribbles, builds tower with blocks
    • 3. 6 words or more
    • 4. kicks ball, walks
  33. At 19-24 months, what can the child do with each category:
    1. Personal-social
    2. Fine motor
    3. Language
    4. Gross motor
    • 1. Puts on clothes, washes hands, brushes teeth
    • 2. imitates vertical line, builds with more cubes
    • 3. combines words, names pictures
    • 4. throws overhead, jumps in place
  34. With a toddler, what can the child do with each category:
    1. Personal-social
    2. Fine motor
    3. Language
    4. Gross motor
    • 1. puts on T-shirt, can name a friend
    • 2. wiggles thumbs, builds with 8 cubes
    • 3. knows 2 actions verbs, 2 adjectives, names color
    • 4. Balances on 1 foot briefly, pedals tricycle
  35. What is the visual acuity of a toddler?

    A. 20/20
    B. 20/30
    C. 20/40
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. At what age is there object permanence (objects continue to exist even when they cannot be observed)?
    By 19-24 months, begins around 10 months
  37. By this age, a child will have known around 300 words
    2 years
  38. What are the 3 colors infants recognize?
    black, white, red
  39. At what age will a child begin gender identity?
    2-2.5 y/o
  40. List immunizations a child should have
    • Hep A/B
    • Rotavirus, HIB, PCV, IPV
    • DTaP
    • MMR
    • Varicella
    • Tdap
    • VS
  41. List the time frames DTap should be administered (months to years)
    • 2, 4, 6 months
    • Then 15-18 months
    • Then 4-6 years
  42. At what age should a Tdap be given?
    11-12 and older
  43. If a newborn weighs 7.5 lbs, how much should they weigh at 6 months? 12 months?
    • 6 months: 15 lbs
    • 1 year: 22.5 lbs
  44. say if this is infant or toddler behavior:

    1. crying is only way of communicating needs
    2. Does not separate easily

    3. Prefers rituals/routine
    4. Negativistic

    5. Fear of strangers 7-8 months
    6. Has a favorite "security object"

    7. Self asserted and frustrated with limits
    8. Fear of strangers normal
    • 1. infant
    • 2. toddler

    • 3. toddler
    • 4. toddler

    • 5. infant
    • 6. toddler

    • 7. toddler
    • 8. infant
  45. T or F: a 3 month old should have NO head lag
    False: birth to 3 month old can lift head, but 4-6 months will have no head lag
  46. At what months will a baby have nonspecific and specific jabber?
    • 7-9: non specific
    • 10-12: specific
  47. At what months can a child remove clothing? put on clothing?
    • 12-18 months: remove
    • 19-24 months: put on clothing
  48. Describe posture ; gait of toddlers
    • significant lordosis and protrusion of abdomen
    • walks like a duck with a wide based gait  and side to side
  49. Object permanence will begin at __a__, and complete by __b__ months.
    • a. 10 
    • b. 19-24
  50. Put these infant socialization stages in order

    recognize faces
    laughs
    cries if objects removed
    dances
    social smile
    fear of strangers
    • 1 month: faces
    • 2 months: social smile
    • 3-4: laugh
    • 5: cries if obj removed
    • 7: fear of strangers
    • 12: dances
Author:
edeleon
ID:
334299
Card Set:
Infant to Toddler
Updated:
2018-02-05 17:37:18
Tags:
general growth infant toddler
Folders:
MCN Exam 2
Description:
Lecture notes
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