Vocabulary Ch. 20,41, 49, & 50

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  1. Entrapment
    Getting caught, trapped, or entangled in spaces created by the bed rails, the mattress, the bed frame, the head-board, or the foot-board.
  2. Fowler's position
    A semi-sitting position; the head of the bed is raised between 45 and 60 degrees.
  3. High-Fowler's position
    A semi-sitting position; the head of the bed is raised 60 and 90 degrees.
  4. Hospital bed system
    The bed frame and its parts; the parts include the mattress, bed rails, head- and foot-boards, and bed attachments.
  5. Reverse Trendelenburg's position
    The head of the bed is raised and the foot of the bed is lowered.
  6. Semi-Fowler's position
    The head of the bed is raised 30 degrees; or the head of the bed is raised 30 degrees and the knee portion is raised 15 degrees.
  7. Thredelenburg's position
    The head of the bed is lowered and the foot of the bed is raised.
  8. Hemothorax
    Blood (hemo) in the pleural space (thorax)
  9. Intubation
    inserting an artificial airway
  10. Mechanical ventilation
    Using a machine to move air into and out of the lungs
  11. Patent
    Open and unblocked
  12. Pleural effusion
    The escape and collection of fluid (effusion) in the pleural space.
  13. Pneumothorax
    Air (pneumo) in the pleural space (thorax)
  14. Tracheostomy
    A surgically created opening (stomy) into the trachea (tracheo)
  15. Cognitive function
    Involves memory, thinking, reasoning, ability to understand, judgment, and behavior.
  16. Confusion
    A mental state of being disoriented to person, time, place, situation, or identity.
  17. Delirium
    A state of sudden, severe confusion and rapid changes in brain function.
  18. Delusion
    A false belief
  19. Dementia
    The loss of cognitive function that interferes with routine personal, social, and occupation activities.
  20. Hallucination
    Seeing, hearing, smelling, or feeling something that is not real.
  21. Paranoia
    A disorder (para) of the mind (noia); false beliefs (delusions) and suspicion about a person or situation.
  22. Pseudodementia
    False (pseudo) dementia
  23. Sundowning
    Signs, symptoms, and behaviors of AD increase during hours of darkness
  24. Birth defect
    A problem that develops during pregnancy, often during the first 3 months; it may involve a body structure or function.
  25. Developmental disabilities
    A group of conditions caused by physical, learning, language, or behavior impairments.
  26. Disability
    Any lost, absent, or impaired physical or mental function.
  27. Inherited
    That which is passed down from parents to children.
  28. Intellectual disability
    Involves severe limits in intellectual function and adaptive behavior occurring before age of 18
  29. Spastic
    Uncontrolled contractions of skeletal muscles.
Card Set:
Vocabulary Ch. 20,41, 49, & 50
2017-09-20 16:40:35

CNA Vocabulary Ch. 20,41, 49, & 50
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