BIOLOGY CHAPTER 4 CARDS

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  1. the process of transporting substances into the cell
    absorption
  2. one of several modes of transport that require the cell to extend energy in order to move molecules across the membrane
    active transport
  3. protein channels within membranes that allow molecules to move across the cell membrane
    active transport channels
  4. the process of making molecules by using absorbed molecules
    biosynthesis
  5. the barrier around all cells which protects them from the outside world
    cell membrane
  6. the theory that cells are the basic units of structure and function for all life
    cell theory
  7. a protective layer that surrounds the cell membrane.
    cell wall
  8. the difference in concentration of molecules on one side of a membrane as compared to the other side.
    concentration gradient
  9. the study of cells
    cytology
  10. the jelly like fluid that fills the inside of the cell
    cytoplasm
  11. the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
    diffusion
  12. the way a cell takes in and processes substances of molecules
    digestion
  13. the process that cells use to get rid of non soluble waste products
    egestiotion
  14. the process which uses vesicles to transport substances into a cell
    endocytosis
  15. the state of being equal if even
    equilibrium
  16. cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
    eukaryotic cells
  17. the process that cells use to rid themselves of soluble waste products.
    excretion
  18. the process used to get substances out of a cell using vectisles
    exocytosis
  19. a model that shows how the molecules of the cell membrane interact and behave
    fluid mosaic model
  20. openings in the cell membrane, created by transmembrane proteins, which allow certain ions to pass through.
    gated channels
  21. molecules which do not dissolve in water
    hydropholic
  22. molecules which dissolve in water
    hydropholyic
  23. a solution whose concentration has a higher concentration of solute than the cytoplasm
    hypertonic
  24. a protein that is embedded in the cell membrane
    integral protein
  25. the ability of a cell to sense and respond to the environment
    irritability
  26. a solution whose concentration of solute is the same as the cytoplasm
    isotonic
  27. the two layer orientation f the cell membrane made up of the lipid molecules
    lipid bylayer
  28. the ability to move all that cells have whether on a small or large scale
    movement
  29. organisms that are composed of two or more cells
    multicellular organisms
  30. the area of prokaryotic cell where dna is found
    nucleoid
  31. units inside all cell which have a common function
    organs
  32. the cellular process to release biosynthetic substances that are to be used by other cells
    secretion
  33. The property of a membrane to allow certain substances to pass across it
    semi permiable
  34. cells with the same functions which congregate together
    tissue
  35. organisms the are composed of only one cell
    unicellular organisms
  36. the pinched off part of a cell membrane containing a substance that has entered the cell
    vesicle
  37. what are ribosomes
    they act as transport and they clean up waste in the cell through biosynthesis
  38. what re unicellular organisms
    they are organisms with only one cell and if that cell dies than the whole organism dies with it
  39. eukaryotic cell have a nucleus and prokaryotic cells do not
  40. whenever cells come together to make tissue what else do they make
    organ systems which eventually leads up to a body system

Card Set Information

Author:
ethanjenn
ID:
334575
Filename:
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 4 CARDS
Updated:
2017-10-12 15:12:34
Tags:
SHEPHERD SCIENCE
Folders:
BIOLOGY
Description:
BIOLOGY
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