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6 dot unit framework where braille is formed
writing print above or below braille cell (usually written above braille)
- - Grade 1 Braille
- - Braille for each letter of alphabet that is used like regular reading or writing
- - Alphabetic Braille
- - No contractions
- - Grade 2 Braille
- - Code that uses braille cells to represent letters, letter combos, words, or parts of words
- - Symbols created by raised dots within cell
- - Can depict single letter, letter combos, part of words, or whole words
- Numbering of Dots in Cell
Slate & Stylus
- Small, portable brailler device you can carry to take notes.
- Electronic brailler with options to convert braille to print or print to braille translations
- Sign with no counterpart in print, unique to braille code & necessary for interpretation
- (eg. Dot 6 = Capital Letter)
Braille sign that represents more than 1 letter
Alphabetic Word Sign
- - Braille contraction that represents an entire word
- - When separated by a space of either side, it represents entire word
- - Can not be used as parts of longer words because then it becomes just a letter.
- - May be joined to other words by a hyphen to form compound words
- - May be used to represent proper names that stand alone
- - May be followed by an apostrophe s
On a new line, push space bar twice
- - words and, for, of, the, & with
- - formed by adding dots 3 & 6 to the letters f, g, h, i, & j.
- - May be joined to other words by the hyphen to form compound words
- - Can form parts of words when divided at the end of the line.
Capital Terminator Indicator
- - Dot 6, dot 3
- - Used to indicate the end of capitals in a passage of all capital words.
- - Goes after last word of passage of all capital words or after period that follow a passage of all capital words
- - No space before terminator
Numeric Mode Indicator
- - Used to express numbers
- - After numeric indicator, the remainder of the symbol-sequence (including period, comma, fraction line, etc) remains in numeric mode until canceled by a space, sign of operation, sign of comparison, or other symbol.
Math Signs of Operation & Comparison
- - Used the same as print for spacing
- - No space on either side of signs of operations (+, -, x, etc)
- - Space on either side of signs of comparison (=, <, >, etc)
- - Use spacing and order same as in print
- - General rule, do not divide words at the end of a braille line (exceptions for efficiency words & compound words)
- - If dividing word at end of line anyway, do so between syllables & no space between last syllable on line & hyphen)