Braille Vocabulary & Rules

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  1. Braille Cell
    6 dot unit framework where braille is formed
  2. Interline
    writing print above or below braille cell (usually written above braille)
  3. Uncontracted Braille
    • - Grade 1 Braille
    • - Braille for each letter of alphabet that is used like regular reading or writing 
    • - Alphabetic Braille
    • - No contractions
  4. Contracted Braille
    • - Grade 2 Braille
    • - Code that uses braille cells to represent letters, letter combos, words, or parts of words
  5. Braille Sign
    • - Symbols created by raised dots within cell
    • - Can depict single letter, letter combos, part of words, or whole words
  6. Dot Numbers
    • Numbering of Dots in Cell 
    • Image Upload
  7. Slate & Stylus
    • Small, portable brailler device you can carry to take notes.
    • Image Upload
  8. Mountbatten Brailler
    • Electronic brailler with options to convert braille to print or print to braille translations
    • Image Upload
  9. Indicator
    • Sign with no counterpart in print, unique to braille code & necessary for interpretation 
    • (eg. Dot 6 = Capital Letter)
  10. Contraction
    Braille sign that represents more than 1 letter
  11. Alphabetic Word Sign
    • - Braille contraction that represents an entire word
    • - When separated by a space of either side, it represents entire word
    • - Can not be used as parts of longer words because then it becomes just a letter.
    • - May be joined to other words by a hyphen to form compound words
    • - May be used to represent proper names that stand alone
    • - May be followed by an apostrophe s
  12. Indenting
    On a new line, push space bar twice
  13. Strong Contractions
    • - words and, for, of, the, & with
    • - formed by adding dots 3 & 6 to the letters f, g, h, i, & j.
    • - May be joined to other words by the hyphen to form compound words
    • - Can form parts of words when divided at the end of the line.
  14. Capital Terminator Indicator
    • - Dot 6, dot 3
    • - Used to indicate the end of capitals in a passage of all capital words.
    • - Goes after last word of passage of all capital words or after period that follow a passage of all capital words
    • - No space before terminator
  15. Numeric Mode Indicator
    • - Used to express numbers
    • - After numeric indicator, the remainder of the symbol-sequence (including period, comma, fraction line, etc) remains in numeric mode until canceled by a space, sign of operation, sign of comparison, or other symbol.
  16. Math Signs of Operation & Comparison
    • - Used the same as print for spacing
    • - No space on either side of signs of operations (+, -, x, etc)
    • - Space on either side of signs of comparison (=, <, >, etc)
  17. Punctuation Marks
    • - Use spacing and order same as in print
    • - General rule, do not divide words at the end of a braille line (exceptions for efficiency words & compound words)
    • - If dividing word at end of line anyway, do so between syllables & no space between last syllable on line & hyphen)
Card Set:
Braille Vocabulary & Rules
2017-09-26 14:58:00
Braille vocab
Braille Vocabulary Modules 1, 2, 3
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