Card Set Information
Modern Period txt
BERNARD DE JUSSIEU (1699-1777)
French royal gardner for palace at Versailles, famous for his alphabetical design of his plants in
garden design groups related to plant species. called the "international code of Botanical Nomenclature"
ROBERT BROWN (1773-1858)
Scottish botanist, gymnosperms are a distinct group of plants, has many cotyledons, naked ovules and naked seeds.
think of gymnosperms as conifers.
ASA GRAY (1810-1888)
harvard botanist, studied vegatation in North America collected a huge inventory
collected throughout the Fingerlakes, type specimens. had summer home in Skaneateles
AKA "splitter" (things that were different were considered new species
WILHELM HOFMEISTER (1824-1877)
German botanist, especially interested in the non-flower plants that produce spors not seeds
he studied reproduction in primitive plants the sporophyte & gametophyte
CHARLES DARWIN (1809-1882)
NOT A BOTANIST! Theory of evolution, interested in rocks, mineral and fossils
variation within a species, struggle for existence among next generation , survival
(reproduction of the fittest individual)
EICHLER (1839-1887) AND ENGLER (1844-1930)
comprehensive treatment of the plant kingdom, crptogamae
: thallophyte, bryophyte, pteridophyte produced by spores.
phanaerogamae (seed bearing) gymnosperms and angiosperms
CHARLES BESSEY (1845- 1915)
student of Asa Gray, introduced new ideas about primitive and advanced characteristics of plants
evolutionary statement, statements= DICTA
assumptions that describe evolutionary trends primitive condition to advanced condition