speech exam 1

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  1. appropriateness
    behavior that is perceived to be legitimate and fits the speaking context
  2. commitment
    a passion for excellence
  3. communication
    transactional process of sharing meaning with others
  4. communication competence
    effective and appropriate communication
  5. communication skill
    the successful performance of a communication behavior . . . [and] the ability to repeat such a behavior
  6. context
    who, what, to whom, why, where and how
  7. effectiveness
    progressed toward the achievement of their goals
  8. ethics
    moral correctness
  9. mindful
    concentrate on changing what you do to become more effective
  10. mindless
    not cognizant of your communication
  11. public speaking
    speaker presents a message in a more formal manner
  12. sensitivity
    receptive accuracy whereby you can detect, decode, and comprehend signals in your social environment
  13. shared meaning
    mutual understanding of a message
  14. transactional
    the speaker is both a sender and a receiver simultaneously, not merely a sender or a receiver
  15. belief
    An underlying conviction about the truth of an idea, often based on cultural training.
  16. debilitative communication apprehension
    An intense level of anxiety about speaking before an audience, resulting in poor performance.
  17. demographics
    Audience characteristics that can be analyzed statistically, such as age, gender, education, and group membership.
  18. extemporaneous speech
    A speech that is planned in advance but presented in a direct, conversational manner.
  19. facilitative communication apprehension
    A moderate level of anxiety about speaking before an audience that helps improve the speaker's performance.
  20. fallacy of approval
    The irrational belief that it is vital to win the approval of virtually every person a communicator deals with.
  21. fallacy of catastrophic failure
    The irrational belief that the worst possible outcome will probably occur.
  22. fallacy of overgeneralization
    Irrational beliefs in which (1) conclusions (usually negative) are based on limited evidence or (2) communicators exaggerate their shortcomings. 
  23. general purpose
    One of three basic ways a speaker seeks to affect an audience: to entertain, inform, or persuade.
  24. pitch
    high and low
  25. specific purpose
    The precise effect that the speaker wants to have on an audience. It is expressed in the form of a purpose statement.
  26. survey research
    Information gathering in which the responses of a sample of a population are collected to disclose information about the larger group.
  27. thesis statement
    central idea
  28. description
    A type of speech that uses details to create a "word picture" of the essential factors that make that thing what it is.
  29. explanations
    Speeches or presentations that clarify ideas and concepts already known but not understood by an audience.
  30. informative purpose statement
    A complete statement of the objective of a speech, worded to stress audience knowledge and/or ability.
  31. diagrams
    blue print, map, architectural plans, organizational charts.(line drawing)
  32. word and number chart
    key facts or statistics.
  33. pie chart
    division of a whole. where tax dollars go, percentages, similar to a pictogram
  34. bar chart
    compares 2 or more values. time or distance
  35. column chart
    same as bar but vertical. "most read books"
  36. line chart
    maps out direction of a moving point. show changes over time.
  37. anecdote
    A brief, personal story used to illustrate or support a point in a speech.
  38. basic speech structure
    intro, body and conclusion
  39. space pattern
    An organizing plan in a speech that arranges points according to their physical location.
  40. statistics
    Numbers arranged or organized to show how a fact or principle is true for a large percentage of cases.
  41. testimony
    Supporting material that proves or illustrates a point by citing an authoritative source.
  42. working outline
    A constantly changing organizational aid used in planning a speech.
  43. avoidance spiral
    A communication spiral in which the parties slowly reduce their dependence on one another, withdraw, and become less invested in the relationship.
  44. communication climate
    The emotional tone of a relationship as it is expressed in the messages that the partners send and receive.
  45. confirming messages
    Actions and words that express respect and value the other person.
  46. contempt
    Verbal and nonverbal messages that ridicule or belittle the other person.
  47. disconfirming messages
    Words and actions that express a lack of caring or respect for another person.
  48. escalatory spiral
    A reciprocal pattern of communication in which messages, either confirming or disconfirming, between two or more communicators reinforce one another.
  49. relational spiral
    A reciprocal communication pattern in which each person's message reinforces the other's.
  50. task oriented listener
    efficiency, time is valuable, deadlines and fast action, taking care of business is the main concern.
  51. relational listening
    emotionally connect, extroverted, attentive and friendly, understanding people
  52. analytical listening
    understand the message, see issues from many perspectives, asses quality of an idea, complicated ideas.
  53. critical listening
    asses quality, see if an idea holds up, investigate a problem, nitpick
Card Set:
speech exam 1
2017-10-06 17:33:24

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