PSC 1001 Key Terms Exam 1

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  1. Democracy
    A political system in which the rulers are accountable to the ruled through institutionalized participation and contestation
  2. Accountability
    A way for citizens to remove rulers from office --> A political mechanism that offers citizens regular and realistic opportunities to remove the rulers from office through peaceful and constitutional means
  3. Electorate
    a group of citizens eligible to participate in the election of government leaders
  4. Universal suffrage:
    wherein all adult citizens have the right to participate in the electoral process that selects and removes government leaders
  5. Participation
    Clear rules must institutionalize universal suffrage; political choices must be unforced
  6. Contestation:
    Real competition for power must exist; there must be more than one group competing for power
  7. Constitution:
    A set of key laws and principles that structure the extent and distribution of government authority and individual rights, by setting up the rules of the political game
  8. Unitarism:
    the constitution grants the central government exclusive and final authority over policy-making across the entire national territory (France, Chile, Japan, Israel, UK)
  9. Federalism:
    the constitution grants two or more governments overlapping political authority over the same group of people and same piece of territory (local, state, and federal levels) --> (US, India, Brazil, Mexico, Germany)
  10. Presidential system:
    A constitutional format in which the executive and legislative branches enjoy both separation of origin and survival
  11. Separation of origin:
    Voters directly elect the members of the legislature and also cast a separate ballot directly electing the chief executive and president
  12. Separation of Survival:
    Members of both the executive and legislative branches serve for fixed terms of office
  13. Parliamentary system:
    a constitutional format in which he executive and legislative branches have neither separation of origin nor separation of survival
  14. Prime Minister:
    the chief executive in a parliamentary system
  15. No-Confidence Vote:
    a parliamentary vote which, if successful, terminates the prime minister's appointment
  16. comparative politics
    the systematic search for answers to political questions about how people around the world make and contest authoritative choices
  17. Method of Agreement
    Compares and contrasts cases with different attributes but shared outcomes, seeking the one attribute these cases share in common to attribute causality

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Author:
AthenaPickleface
ID:
334938
Filename:
PSC 1001 Key Terms Exam 1
Updated:
2017-10-13 21:23:45
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Political Science Comparative Politics Exam1
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Comparative Politics
Description:
Exam 1 Key Terms
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