Anatomy & Physiology

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  1. What are the functions of the skeletal system?
    • 1. Support
    • 2. Movement
    • 3. Protection
    • 4. Blood cell production
    • 5. Storage (calcium)
  2. What are the two parts of the skeleton?
    Image Upload 1
  3. Shapes of bones and examples?
    Long..Femur,Humerus,Fibula

    Short....Carpals,Tarsals

    Flat....Scapula,Pelvis,Ribs

    Irregular....Vertebrae,Mandible

    Sesamoid...Patella


  4. The three categories of joints and examples?
    • Fixed....cranium, pelvis.

    • Semi-moveable... Between vertebrae and between pubic bone.

    • Synovial...Ball & Socket,Hinge,Gliding,Pivot,Saddle
  5. The Synovial Joints and examples?
    • Ball & Socket....Hip, Shoulder
    • Hinge....Elbow,Knee

    Gliding....Wrist,Ankle

    Pivot....Atlas & Axis(neck),Ulna & Radius(forearm)

    • Saddle....Thumb,
  6. Image Upload 2Structure of Bone?
    • 1= Medullary Cavity.
    • 2=Periosteum
    • 3=Compact Bone
    • 4=Cancellous´┐╝ Bone
    • 5=Yellow Bone Marrow
    • 6=Hyaline Cartilage
  7. Functions of Calcium in the body?
    • Strengthening of bones and teeth.
    • Functioning of muscles & nerves.
    • Regulation of blood acid balance
    • Kidney function.
    • Brain function.
  8. Pelvic Girdle Bones?
    • 1= Ilium
    • 2= Ischium
    • 3=Pubis(pubic bone)
    • Image Upload 3
  9. Vertebral Column Sections?
    • Cervical - C1-7
    • Thoracic - T1-12(contain ribs)
    • Lumbar - L1-5
    • Sacrum - 5(fused, connected to pelvis)
    • Coccyx - 4(fused,tail bone)
  10. Functions of the Muscular System?
    • Generate movement.
    • Stabilise joints.
    • Maintain Posture.
    • Help Regulate Temperature Control
  11. Components of the Muscular System?
    • 1=Muscles
    • 2=Tendons
    • 3=Fascia
  12. Types of Muscle and examples?
    • Smooth.
    • Cardiac.
    • Skeletal.
  13. What is Smooth Muscle?
    • Involuntary.
    • Found in walls of internal vessels..eg. arteries, intestines.
    • Responsible for moving/stopping fluids & other materials.
  14. What is Cardiac Muscle?
    • Involuntary.
    • Produces the pump action of the heart.
    • Striated(striped)
  15. What is Skeletal Muscle?
    • Voluntary.
    • Enables movement.
    • Also striated.
  16. What can a muscle do(action)?
    • A muscle can only do one thing - CONTRACT so at any given time it it's either contracting or not contracting (relaxing). Contract = Shorten.
    • A muscle can only pull a bone!
  17. Types of Muscle contraction?
    • Isometric...muscles trying to work but staying the same length - no movement.
    • Isotonic...muscle contracts - movement occurs.
  18. Types of Isotonic contractions?
    • Concentric(positive phase)...muscle gets shorter,weight moves up(against gravity)
    • Eccentric(negative phase)...muscle gets longer,weight moves down(with gravity)
    • Controlled descent.
  19. What is a Tendon?
    Connective tissue that joins muscle to bone.
  20. What is a ligament?
    Connective tissue that joins bone to bone.
  21. Types of Muscle groups(teams)?
    • Agonist...prime mover/s.
    • Antagonist...opposing muscle/s
    • Synergists... assisting muscles.
    • Stabilisers...fixators
  22. What are the functions of the Circulatory System?
    • 1=Supply oxygenated blood to all cells.
    • 2=Transport nutrients to all cells.
    • 3=Remove waste materials.
    • 4=Fight infection.
    • 5=Help temperature regulation.
  23. What are the components of the Circulatory System?
    • 1=Heart
    • 2=Blood
    • 3=Blood vessels.
  24. How many litres of blood in an average adult body?
    4-5 litres.
  25. What are the main functions of blood?
    Same functions as the Circulatory System but with the additional function of clotting.
  26. What is blood composed of?
    A liquid called plasma and blood cells themselves.
  27. What makes up the plasma in blood?
    • Mainly water (carries mineral salts, nutrients & waste.
    • Also contains hormones, enzymes,gases, antibodies.
  28. What are the 3 types of blood cells?
    Red,White & Platelets.
Author:
Darmar
ID:
335149
Card Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Updated:
2017-10-16 16:12:13
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Skeletal,Muscular, Circulatory, Respiratory
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