Chapter 58/60 Alternative Setting/Sensory Impairment
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The Americans With Disabilities Act defines an individual with a disability as a person who has __________ .
a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity
impaired vision caused by irregularities in the curvature of the cornea or lens
double vision; perception of a single object
inflammation of the retina
The leading causes of blindness are
- ◦Diabetic retinopathy
- ◦Age-related macular degeneration
- ◦Half of the blindness in children is of prenatal origin (mainly from maternal infections such as Rubella, syphilis, toxoplasmosis).
In individuals over the age of 60, the leading cause of blindness is
In Macular Degeneration damage is done to the _______ area, the macula
In Glaucoma the increased pressure causes a gradual loss of _______ vision
What is Glaucoma and how does it occur
- ◦Glaucoma gradually destroys the optic nerve in the back of the eye.
- ◦This occurs from pressure being too high inside the eye.
- The increased pressure causes a gradual loss of peripheral vision
________ is the leading cause of blindness among African-Americans and the ______ most common cause of blindness in the United States.
________ are the leading cause of treatable blindness.
Cataracts cause a
clouding of the lens of the eye causing blurry or hazy vision
When walking a blind person to the treatment room or returning them to the reception area have them hold your arm
just above the elbow
inflammation of the ear
inflammation of the middle ear
noise in the ears, as ringing, buzzing, or roaring
sensation of rotation or movement of one’s self (subjective vertigo) or of one’s surroundings (objective vertigo); a subtype of dizziness, but not a symptom
Conductive Hearing Loss
Outer or middle ear involvement of conduction pathways to the inner ear
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Damage to sensory hair cells of the inner ear or nerves that supply the inner ear
A hearing aid is an electronic device that ________ . Standards for the manufacture and distribution of hearing aids are set by the __________.
- amplifies sound waves that enter the external auditory canal
- United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Institutionalized patients are very prone to _________ pneumonia.
Sordes is a
crust-like material that collects on lips, teeth, and gingiva of patient with a fever or dehydration in a chronic debilitating disease
A commercially manufactured suction brush aids in
removal of plaque for patients who cannot expectorate
Brushing, flossing, bathing
Writing, cooking, shopping
An ASA Classification of 1 has an ADLS/IADLS of
Describe an ASA II Classification
- Mild systemic Disease or extreme dental fear
- Well controlled chronic conditions
- Upper respiratory infections
- Healthy pregnant woman
- ADLS/IADLS of 1
Describe an ASA III Classification
- Systemic disease that limits activity but not incapacitating
- Need to stop during one flight of stairs
- Chronic cardiovascular conditions
- Controlled Type 1 Diabetes
- Chronic pulmonary disease
- Elevated BP
- ADLS/IADLS of 2 or 3
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