Chapter 12 Vocabulary

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  1. union
    • An employee organization
    • whose main goal is representing
    • its members in employee–
    • management negotiation of jobrelated
    • issues.
  2. craft union
    • An organization of skilled
    • specialists in a particular craft
    • or trade.
  3. Knights of Labor
    • The first national labor union;
    • formed in 1869.
  4. American Federation of
    Labor (AFL)
    • An organization of craft unions
    • that championed fundamental
    • labor issues; founded in 1886.
  5. industrial unions
    • Labor organizations of unskilled
    • and semiskilled workers in
    • mass-production industries such
    • as automobiles and mining.
  6. Congress of Industrial
    Organizations (CIO)
    • Union organization of unskilled
    • workers; broke away from the
    • American Federation of Labor
    • (AFL) in 1935 and rejoined it in
    • 1955.
  7. yellow-dog contract
    • A type of contract that required
    • employees to agree as a
    • condition of employment not to
    • join a union; prohibited by the
    • Norris-LaGuardia Act in 1932.
  8. collective bargaining
    • The process whereby union
    • and management
    • representatives form a labor–
    • management agreement, or
    • contract, for workers.
  9. certification
    • Formal process whereby a
    • union is recognized by the
    • National Labor Relations Board
    • (NLRB) as the bargaining agent
    • for a group of employees.
  10. decertification
    • The process by which workers
    • take away a union’s right to
    • represent them.
  11. negotiated labor–
    management agreement
    (labor contract)
    • Agreement that sets the tone
    • and clarifies the terms under
    • which management and labor
    • agree to function over a period
    • of time.
  12. union security clause
    • Provision in a negotiated
    • labor–management agreement
    • that stipulates that employees
    • who benefit from a union must
    • either officially join or at least
    • pay dues to the union.
  13. closed shop agreement
    • Clause in a labor–management
    • agreement that specified
    • workers had to be members of
    • a union before being hired
    • (was outlawed by the Taft-
    • Hartley Act in 1947).
  14. union shop agreement
    • Clause in a labor–management
    • agreement that says workers
    • do not have to be members of
    • a union to be hired, but must
    • agree to join the union within a
    • prescribed period.
  15. agency shop agreement
    • Clause in a labor–management
    • agreement that says employers
    • may hire nonunion workers;
    • employees are not required to
    • join the union but must pay a
    • union fee.
  16. right-to-work laws
    • Legislation that gives workers
    • the right, under an open shop
    • agreement, to join or not join a
    • union if it is present.
  17. open shop agreement
    • Agreement in right-to-work
    • states that gives workers the
    • option to join or not join a
    • union, if one exists in their
    • workplace.
  18. grievance
    • A charge by employees that
    • management is not abiding by
    • the terms of the negotiated
    • labor–management agreement.
  19. shop stewards
    • Union officials who work
    • permanently in an organization
    • and represent employee
    • interests on a daily basis.
  20. bargaining zone
    • The range of options between
    • the initial and final offer that
    • each party will consider before
    • negotiations dissolve or reach
    • an impasse.
  21. mediation
    • The use of a third party, called
    • a mediator, who encourages
    • both sides in a dispute to
    • continue negotiating and often
    • makes suggestions for
    • resolving the dispute.
  22. strike
    • A union strategy in which
    • workers refuse to go to work;
    • the purpose is to further
    • workers’ objectives after an
    • impasse in collective bargaining.
  23. cooling-off period
    • When workers in a critical
    • industry return to their jobs while
    • the union and management
    • continue negotiations.
  24. primary boycott
    • When a union encourages both
    • its members and the general
    • public not to buy the products of
    • a firm involved in a labor dispute.
  25. secondary boycott
    • An attempt by labor to convince
    • others to stop doing business
    • with a firm that is the subject of
    • a primary boycott; prohibited by
    • the Taft-Hartley Act.
  26. injunction
    • A court order directing someone
    • to do something or to refrain
    • from doing something
  27. strikebreakers
    • Workers hired to do the jobs of
    • striking workers until the labor
    • dispute is resolved.
  28. sexual harassment
    • Unwelcome sexual advances,
    • requests for sexual favors, and
    • other conduct (verbal or
    • physical) of a sexual nature that
    • creates a hostile work
    • environment.

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Author:
davecowman
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335462
Filename:
Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Updated:
2017-10-26 15:09:01
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Chapter 12
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