Chapter 8 Nutrition 311

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. bioavailiability
    How well a nutrient can be absorbed and used by the body
  2. coenzyme
  3. antioxidant
  4. most vitamins are found in...
    • Fruits and vegetables
    • especially in fresh fruits and vegetables because water soluble vitamins are easily destroyed.
  5. name vitamin B1
  6. function of vitamin B1 Thiamin
    Coenzyme in energy metabolism actions
  7. facts about vitamin B-1 thiamin
    • first B vitamin to be discovered
    • defficiancy is known as beri beri
    • water soluble
  8. A deficiency of Thiamin in alcoholics is called
  9. Sources of thiamin
    • Whole grain, fortified, or enriched grain products
    • Lean pork
    • Moderate amounts in all nutritious food
    • easily destroyed by heat
  10. name for riboflavin
  11. a deficiency of Riboflavin is called
    Ariboflavinosis, and is rarely seen alone
  12. cheilosis
    Constant cracking at the corners of the mouth, red swollen tongue symptom of vitamin deficiency
  13. sources for Riboflaven
    Milk and Meat
  14. vame for viatmin B3
  15. Niacin can be synthesized from
    the essential amino acid tryptophan making tryptophan a precursor
  16. Who discovered vitamin B3 Niacin
    Dr. Joseph Goldberger from Mississippi
  17. What is pellagra
    • caused by a nutrient deficiency
    • discovered by Dr. Goldberger
    • continued to be a problem until the 1940s when they put niacin in fortified grains
  18. Sources of Niacin
    • While grain fortified enriched cereals and grain products,
    • or you can get tryptophan from protein foods such as milk eggs meat fish etc.
  19. what foods can Biotin be found in
    Organ meats, egg yolks, soybeans, fish, whole grains,
  20. Deficiency of biotin can result in
    Hair loss
  21. aviden
    Protein found in raw eggs that can bind with biotin and make it unable to be absorbed by the body, When cooked it is denatured.
  22. function of Pantothenic Acid
  23. what is vitamin B6
  24. function of Pyridoxine
    • Part of coenzymes used in amino acid and fatty acid metabolism
    • Helps to convert tryptophan to niacin
    • Helps make red blood cells
  25. facts about pyridoxin
    Needed more in pregnancy and with the use of hormonal contraceptives body will meabolize it quicker
  26. Pyridoxin or vitamin b6 deficiency
    • Anemia irregularly shaped red blood cells that do not function as well
    • depression, confusion, abnormal brainwave pattern, convulsions,
  27. what foods are b6 or pyridoxin found in
  28. name for folate
  29. folate function
    • Part of coenzymes used in DNA synthesis and therefore important in new cell formation
    • can prefent spina bifida
  30. RDA for Folate
    Adults: 400 micrograms a day
  31. vitamin b12 is known as
  32. folate and b12
    go hand in hand and help eachother become active within the body.
  33. Sources of Folate
    Leafy green vegetables, legumes, seeds, fortified grains
  34. Functions of cobalamin or b12
    • Helps maintain verve cells
    • Reforms folate coenzyme
    • Breaks down some fatty acids and amino acids
    • New cell synthesis
    • Activates folate
  35. Defficiency of cobalamin or b12
    Pernicious anemia
  36. facts about b12
    • has to have help in order to be absorbed
    • HCL ACID
    • Intrinsic factor
    • Hard to tell if people have b12 deffinciacy because of so many helpers that go into play with it.
  37. Sources of b12
    Only found in animal foods
  38. name for Vitamin c
    Ascorbic acid
  39. Function of vitamin C
    • Collagen sythesis
    • antioxidant
    • strengthens resistance to infection
  40. Defficiancy in Vitamin C
  41. symptoms of scurvy
    • Bleeding gums and losse teeth 
    • Hemorrahages
  42. RDA of Vitamin C
  43. Facts about Vitamin C
    It is easily destroyed by light or cooking, raw sources of vitamin c is the best ways to maintain it.
Card Set:
Chapter 8 Nutrition 311
2017-10-26 16:03:42
nutrition 311
nutrition 311
chapter 8 Nutrition study cards
Show Answers: