Family Systems Quiz 3

The flashcards below were created by user mdawg on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. What does the family structure look like
    • Organized pattern in which family members interact
    • Maintained by family rules, values
    • Tend to be self-perpetuating
  2. What are the Organized patterns in which family members interact

    • Couple, parent-child, siblings, etc.
    • Boundaries may be rigid or diffus

    Hierarchical re: level of authority

    Reciprocal & complementary roles
  3. Disengagement vs. Enmeshment

    • Rigid boundaries prevent outside interactions
    • Independent, fosters autonomy
    • Isolated, limits affection & support


    • Loose boundaries that permit intrusions from outside
    • Offer closeness and support
    • Independence and autonomy suffer
  4. What is necessary for Development of Family Structures

    Boundary making

    • Between new family and families of origin
    • Between family members, subsystems

    Normal anxiety occurs as family members grow and change
  5. What is Adaptation of Family Structure
    Family structure is required to change to adapt to:

    • External pressures, e.g. loss of job, family move
    • Developmental transitions, e.g. graduation, retirement

    Healthy families can accommodate, adapt to change
  6. How does an Enmeshed Subsystems work?
    • Event requiring adaptation
    • Loose boundaries permit interference, intrusiveness
    • Autonomy, competence is undermined
    • Individual pathology
  7. Give a specific example of an enmeshed subsystem
    • Child refuses to go to school
    • Parent is understanding, lets child stay home
    • Child is deprived of opportunity to learn to manage anxiety
    • “School Phobia”
  8. how does a Disengaged Subsystems work?
    • Event requiring adaptation
    • Rigid boundaries limit support, problem-solving
    • Denial of problem, minimization, invalidation
    • Individual pathology
  9. Give a specific example of a disengaged subsystem
    • Child experiences bullying at school
    • Rigid boundaries limit emotional support, problem solving
    • Child feels dismissed, invalidated
    • Child develops individual pathology, e.g. depression or substance use
  10. What is the treatment approach for Structural Family Therapy
    • Joining and accommodating
    • Structural mapping
    • Modifying interactions
  11. Define Joining and Accommodation
    Become part of the system

    • Overcome distrust
    • Without losing authority

    Join with each family member individually

    • Casual conversation, at appropriate developmental level
    • Engage powerful, angry, withdrawn members
  12. What are the steps for Structural Mapping
    • enactment
    • Circular questioning
    • Help members identify their role in the problem
    • Exploration of development of family rules that govern structure
    • Explore options for restructuring
  13. what are the steps for modifying interactions?
    • Enactment
    • Highlighting: Intensity, Empathy, Shaping competence
    • Boundary making
    • Unbalancing
    • Challenging unproductive assumptions
  14. Define the 3 constructs of structural theory
    • structure
    • subsystems
    • boundaries
  15. Define family structure
    refers to the way a family is organized into subsystems whose interactions are regulated by interpersonal boundaries
  16. what are the goals of therapy for structural therapy?
    altering family structure so that the family can solve their own problems
  17. define joining
    accepting and accommodating families to win their confidence and circumvent resistance
  18. define enactment
    observed interaction of families in order to change the interactions that make up family structure
  19. What is the most important tenet of structural theory?
    That every family has a structure, and this structure is only revealed when the family is in action
Card Set:
Family Systems Quiz 3
2017-11-01 02:57:47
Family Systems Quiz

Family Systems Quiz 3
Show Answers: